Numbers 4:4
This shall be the service of the sons of Kohath in the tabernacle of the congregation, about the most holy things:
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4:4-20 The Kohathites were to carry the holy things of the tabernacle. All the holy things were to be covered; not only for security and respect, but to keep them from being seen. This not only marked the reverence due to holy things, but the mystery of the things signified by those types, and the darkness of the dispensation. But now, through Christ, the case is altered, and we are encouraged to come boldly to the throne of grace.About the most holy things - Omit "about." The sense is, "this is the charge of the sons of Kohath, the most holy things:" i. e. the ark of the covenant, the table of showbread, the candlestick, and the golden altar, together with the furniture pertaining thereto. It appears, from a comparison of Numbers 4:16, Numbers 4:28, Numbers 4:33, that the ministry of the Kohathites was superintended by Eleazar, the older of the two surviving sons of Aaron; and that of the two other families by Ithamar. 4-15. This shall be the service of the sons of Kohath, &c.—They are mentioned first, from their close connection with Aaron; and the special department of duty assigned to them during the journeyings of Israel accorded with the charge they had received of the precious contents of the tabernacle. But these were to be previously covered by the common priests, who, as well as the high priest, were admitted on such necessary occasions into the holy place. This was an exception to the general rule, which prohibited the entrance of any but the high priest. But when the cloud removed from the tabernacle, the sanctuary might be entered by the common priests, as to them was reserved the exclusive privilege of packing the sacred utensils; and it was not till the holy things were thus ready for carriage, that the Kohathites were allowed to approach. Hereafter mentioned, as the ark, table, altar, &c. Compare Numbers 3:31. This shall be the service of the sons of Kohath, in the tabernacle of the congregation,.... What follows, Numbers 4:4,

about the most holy things; which Aben Ezra interprets only of the ark, which was indeed a most holy thing, and stood in the most holy place; but there were other holy things, in the care of which the service of the Kohathites lay; as the shewbread table, the candlestick, and the altars of incense and burnt offering, and the vail, and the ministering: vessels, which Jarchi reckons with it, as more holy than all other things.

This shall be the service of the sons of Kohath in the tabernacle of the congregation, about the most holy things:
4. the most holy things] The furniture and utensils of the Dwelling, enumerated in Numbers 4:5-14. The ‘service of the sons of Kohath’ is not stated till Numbers 4:15 b. Before they could perform their duty of carrying the sacred objects the priests must cover them up, that the Levites may neither touch (Numbers 4:15) nor see them (Numbers 4:20).Verse 4. - About the most holy things. Rather, "the most holy things:" they were the service of the Kohathites. So the Septuagint. "The redeemed of the Levites" are the 22,000 who were redeemed by means of the Levites. In Numbers 3:50, the Chethibh הפּדים is the correct reading, and the Keri הפּדים an unnecessary emendation. The number of the first-born and that of the Levites has already been noticed in the introduction to Numbers 1.
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