And the chief seats in the synagogues, and the uppermost rooms at feasts:
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)
Beware of the scribes - Be on your guard. Be cautious about hearing them or following them.
Scribes - The learned men of the Jewish nation.
Which love to go in long clothing - In long, flowing robes, as significant of their consequence, leisure, and learning.
Salutations ... - See the notes at Matthew 23:6-7.
at feasts—On this love of distinction, see on Lu 14:7; Mt 6:5.See Poole on "Mark 12:38" Matthew 23:6.
And the uppermost rooms at feasts; or the first and chief places where they sat, or rather lay along at public entertainment; See Gill on Matthew 23:6.And the chief seats in the synagogues, and the uppermost rooms at feasts:
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)39. the chief seats] The seats of honour for the elders of the synagogue were placed in front of the ark containing the Law, in the uppermost part, where they sat with their faces to the people. In the synagogue at Alexandria there were seventy-one golden chairs, according to the number of the members of the Great Sanhedrim.
the uppermost rooms] Rather, the chief seats, “Þe first sitting places in soperis,” Wyclif. The highest place on the divan, as amongst the Greeks. Amongst the Romans, when a party consisted of more than three persons, it was the custom to arrange three of the couches on which they reclined round a table, so that the whole formed three sides of a square, leaving the bottom of it open for the approach of the attendants. These couches were then respectively designated lectus medius, summus, and imus. The middle place in the triclinium was considered the most dignified. At a large feast there would be many such triclinia.
More correctly, the chief couches,. So Rev., chief places.
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