Luke 23:19
(Who for a certain sedition made in the city, and for murder, was cast into prison.)
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)
(19) Who for a certain sedition.—St. Luke’s and St. Mark’s accounts agree more closely than the others. St. John alone speaks of Barabbas as a “robber;” St. Matthew merely calls him a “notable prisoner.”

23:13-25 The fear of man brings many into this snare, that they will do an unjust thing, against their consciences, rather than get into trouble. Pilate declares Jesus innocent, and has a mind to release him; yet, to please the people, he would punish him as an evil-doer. If no fault be found in him, why chastise him? Pilate yielded at length; he had not courage to go against so strong a stream. He delivered Jesus to their will, to be crucified.See the notes at Matthew 27:20-23. Lu 23:13-38. Jesus Again before Pilate—Delivered Up—Led Away to Be Crucified.

(See on [1736]Mr 15:6-15; and [1737]Joh 19:2-17).

See Poole on "Luke 23:1" Who, for a certain sedition made in the city,.... Of Jerusalem: he had made an insurrection in it, in opposition to the government, in order to have thrown off the yoke, and to have asserted and maintained their liberties, as a free people; or rather to have seized and plundered the properties of other people, since he is represented elsewhere as a robber:

and for murder; which had either been committed by himself, or his accomplices, in the insurrection; and for these things, sedition, and murder, he

was cast into prison; where he lay till this feast, in order to be executed.

(Who for a certain sedition made in the city, and for murder, was cast into prison.)
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)
Luke 23:19. ὅστις seems to be = ὅς here, following the growing usage of later Greek (Schanz, vide Buttmann, Gram., p. 115).—διὰ στάσινκαὶ φόνον= διὰ φόνον ἐν στάσει πεποιημένον, Pricaeus.—ἦν βληθείς: instead of ἔβληθη, the analytic form is unusual with the aorist (here only in N.T.), hence probably the reading of T.R., βεβλημένος.19. who] The word implies ‘a man of such a kind, that, &c.’

and for murder] “Ye denied the Holy One and the Just, and desired a murderer to be granted unto you,” Acts 3:14. Nothing is known of Bar-Abbas, but it has been conjectured from his name that he or his father belonged to the order of the Sanhedrists, who therefore desired his release. If he had been a follower of Judas of Galilee, or engaged in the riot against Pilate about his use of the Corban, he would enlist the sympathies of the people also.Who (ὅστις)

Classifying him. One of such a kind as that he had been imprisoned, etc.

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