But as soon as this your son was come, which has devoured your living with harlots, you have killed for him the fatted calf.
Jump to: Alford • Barnes • Bengel • Benson • BI • Calvin • Cambridge • Clarke • Darby • Ellicott • Expositor's • Exp Dct • Exp Grk • Gaebelein • GSB • Gill • Gray • Haydock • Hastings • Homiletics • ICC • JFB • Kelly • KJT • Lange • MacLaren • MHC • MHCW • Meyer • Parker • PNT • Poole • Pulpit • Sermon • SCO • TTB • VWS • WES • TSK
EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)As soon as this thy son was come.—The feeling of discontent passes into scorn and bitterness. The sin of the wanderer is painted at once in the coarsest and darkest colours. The very turn of the phrase, “this thy son” speaks of a concentrated malignity.
Thy living - Thy property. This is still designed to irritate the father, and set him against his younger son. It was true that the younger son had been guilty, and foolish, and ungrateful; but he was penitent, and "that" was of more consequence to the father than all his property; and in the joy that he was penitent and was safe, he forgot his ingratitude and folly. So should the older son have done.
never … a kid—I say not a calf, but not even a kid.
that I might make merry with my friends—Here lay his misapprehension. It was no entertainment for the gratification of the prodigal: it was a father's expression of the joy he felt at his recovery.
thy son … thy living—How unworthy a reflection on the common father of both, for the one not only to disown the other, but fling him over upon his father, as if he should say, Take him, and have joy of him!See Poole on "Luke 15:25"
Which hath devoured thy living: given to his son; that part of his goods he had divided to him, Luke 15:12
with harlots; in rioting and drunkenness, in chambering and wantonness, in gluttony and debauchery:
thou hast killed for him the fatted calf; See Gill on Luke 15:23But as soon as this thy son was come, which hath devoured thy living with harlots, thou hast killed for him the fatted calf.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)Luke 15:30. οὗτος: contemptuous, this precious son of yours.—μετὰ πορνῶν: hard, merciless judgment; the worst said and in the coarsest way. How did he know? He did not know; had no information, jumped at conclusions. That the manner of his kind, who shirk work and go away to enjoy themselves.30. this thy son...which hath devoured thy living with harlots] Every syllable breathes rancour. He disowns all brotherhood; and says ‘came’ not ‘returned,’ and tries to wake his father’s anger by saying ‘thy living,’ and malignantly represents the conduct of his erring brother in the blackest light.Luke 15:30. Οὗτος, that son of thine) [Pointing to him contemptuously, as the Pharisee at the Publican]. See ch. Luke 18:11, where see the note.—ὁ καταφαγών σου τὸν βίον, who hath devoured thy living) The elder brother speaks invidiously.—ἦλθεν) He says, has come, speaking of him as he would of an alien: not, has returned.—αὐτῷ, for him) The Dativus commodi (Dative of advantage). [The elder brother means to say, for that profligate.—V. g.]
Not my brother, but with the bitterest sarcasm.
Was come (ἦλθεν)
He says came, as of a stranger. Not returned.
We say "eat up;" the Greek said "eat down" (κατά). The word is suggested, no doubt, by the mention of the calf, the kid, and the feasting.
LinksLuke 15:30 Interlinear
Luke 15:30 Parallel Texts
Luke 15:30 NIV
Luke 15:30 NLT
Luke 15:30 ESV
Luke 15:30 NASB
Luke 15:30 KJV
Luke 15:30 Bible Apps
Luke 15:30 Parallel
Luke 15:30 Biblia Paralela
Luke 15:30 Chinese Bible
Luke 15:30 French Bible
Luke 15:30 German Bible