And he said to him, Man, who made me a judge or a divider over you?
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)Man, who made me a judge . . .?—This is the only instance of our Lord’s so addressing one who had come to Him as a questioner. As in Romans 2:1; Romans 2:3, the form, “O man,” was one which expressed grave censure and indignation. Was it for this that men came to Him instead of seeking for the kingdom of God? He accordingly distinctly repudiates any but the purely spiritual aspect of a scribe’s work, and will neither act publicly as judge nor privately as arbitrator. (Comp. John 8:11.)
who, &c.—a question literally repudiating the office which Moses assumed (Ex 2:14). The influence of religious teachers in the external relations of life has ever been immense, when only the INDIRECT effect of their teaching; but whenever they intermeddle DIRECTLY with secular and political matters, the spell of that influence is broken.See Poole on "Luke 12:13"
who made me a judge, or a divider over you? referring to the words of one of the Hebrews to Moses, when he interposed in a difference, Exodus 2:14 suggesting, that the same might be retorted on him, should he engage in such an affair: the reason why Christ avoided meddling with it, was not because it is unlawful for Christians to concern themselves in arbitrations about civil affairs, and in making up family differences, which is very commendable; but lest by such a step, he should give occasion to them, to conclude he was a temporal king: whereas his kingdom was not of this world, and his business lay not in civil affairs, and the management of them; but in spiritual concerns, in preaching the Gospel, and doing good to the souls of men; wherefore this was out of his province: and besides, it was a matter of covetousness, either in this person, or his brother, or both; which Christ takes an occasion from hence to expose, agreeably to his office; to which may be added, that this man seems to have disturbed Christ in his public work, and was of such a worldly spirit, as to prefer the care of his secular affairs, to the hearing of the word, and the welfare of his immortal soul.And he said unto him, Man, who made me a judge or a divider over you?
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)Luke 12:14. ἄνθρωπε, man! discouraging, no sympathy with the object (cf. Romans 2:1; Romans 9:20).—κριτὴν, a judge, deciding the right or equity of the case; μεριστὴν, an arbiter carrying out the judgment (here only in N.T.). The application was the less blameworthy that appeals to Rabbis for such purposes seem to have been not infrequent (Schanz).14. Man] The word is sternly repressive. Comp. Romans 2:1.
who made me a judge] “My kingdom is not of this world,” John 18:36.
or a divider] i.e. umpire, arbitrator. There is an evident allusion to Exodus 2:14.Luke 12:14. Ἄνθρωπε, man) He addresses him as a stranger (one alien to Him).—δικαστὴν, a judge) to give (pronounce) sentence of law.—μεριστὴν, a divider) to divide goods [between parties at issue].
Appointed or constituted.
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