Luke 10:10
But into whatsoever city ye enter, and they receive you not, go your ways out into the streets of the same, and say,
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(10, 11) Into whatsoever city ye enter, and they receive you not.—See Notes on Matthew 10:13.

Luke 10:10-12. Into whatsoever city ye enter, and they receive you not — Show no willingness to hear your doctrine, and no inclination to give you entertainment, or the necessaries of life; go your way out into the streets, &c. — Declare in the most public manner, how greatly they have sinned in rejecting you and your message; and that your declaration may make the greater impression upon them, let it be accompanied with the symbolical action of publicly wiping the dust of their city from off your feet, as a testimony that you will have no communication with such a faithless and disobedient people. Say, Since you reject so gracious and important a message, we cannot but consider you as rejected by God, and devoted to certain and inevitable destruction, and therefore we separate ourselves from all that belongs to you, even from the dust of your city. This was agreeable to the manner of the eastern people, who taught their disciples by symbolical actions, as well as by discourse; see on Matthew 10:14. Jesus added, When you have so done, say, Notwithstanding, be ye sure of this — And remember it in the midst of all the calamities which are to befall you; that the kingdom of God is come nigh unto you — That mercy and salvation, present and eternal, the kingdom of grace and the kingdom of glory, have been offered you, though you will not receive them. But I say unto you, it shall be more tolerable, &c. — To make the seventy the more earnest in preaching the gospel, that so, if possible, the people might be prevailed upon to believe and obey it, he proceeds to declare the terrible punishment about to come upon those who should reject it. See on Matthew 10:15.

10:1-16 Christ sent the seventy disciples, two and two, that they might strengthen and encourage one another. The ministry of the gospel calls men to receive Christ as a Prince and a Saviour; and he will surely come in the power of his Spirit to all places whither he sends his faithful servants. But the doom of those who receive the grace of God in vain, will be very fearful Those who despise the faithful ministers of Christ, who think meanly of them, and look scornfully upon them, will be reckoned as despisers of God and Christ.See the notes at Matthew 10:14-15. 10. son of peace—inwardly prepared to embrace your message of peace. See note on "worthy," (see on [1626]Mt 10:13). See Poole on "Luke 10:8"

But into whatsoever city ye enter,.... On the other hand Christ here directs how to behave towards other cities they should come to, and be rejected:

and they receive you not; refuse to admit them into their houses, or provide in any shape for them, nor hear their message:

go your ways out into the streets of the same. The Ethiopic version reads, "cast the dust off your feet into the streets of it: and say"; aloud, in the most public manner, in the ears of all the people, as follows.

{3} But into whatsoever city ye enter, and they receive you not, go your ways out into the streets of the same, and say,

(3) God is a most severe avenger of the ministry of his gospel.

Luke 10:10-11. Comp. Luke 9:5; Matthew 10:14. The refusal to receive them is represented as following immediately upon their entrance; hence the present εἰσέρχ. The representation of Luke 10:8 was different: εἰσέλθητε (see the critical remarks).

ἐξελθόντες] out of the house into which ye have entered.

ὑμῖν] so that ye should have it again; a symbol of the most contemptuous renunciation, as in Matthew.

ἤγγικεν κ.τ.λ.] a threatening reference to their penal exclusion from the salvation of the kingdom. See Luke 10:12 ff. Observe that ἐφʼ ὑμᾶς is wanting this time; see the critical remarks.

Luke 10:10-11. Direction how to act in case of churlish treatment.—ἐξελθόντες εἰς τὰς πλατείας α. Lk. expresses the action so as to make it vivid for Gentile readers to whom the symbolic significance of the act was not familiar = go out of the inhospitable houses into the streets, and then solemnly wipe off the dust that has been taken up by your feet since you entered the town; wiping off (ἀπομασσόμεθα) is more expressive than shaking off (ἐκτινάξετε, Matthew 10:14, Luke 9:5), it means more thorough work, removing every speck of dust.—πλὴν, for the rest. The solemn symbolic act is to wind up with the equally solemn declaration that the Kingdom of God has come to them with its blessings, and that it is their own fault if it has come in vain.

Luke 10:10. Πλατείας, the streets) near the walls. Comp. on Revelation 11:8.—εἴπατε, say) publicly.

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