That you may buy speedily with this money bullocks, rams, lambs, with their meat offerings and their drink offerings, and offer them on the altar of the house of your God which is in Jerusalem.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)Buy speedily.—Provide first of all for the sacrificial ceremonial. Every sacrifice had its own meat-offerings and drink-offerings (Numbers 15). These phrases in the commission of course Ezra dictated.Ezra 4:7 note); and it is reasonable to suppose that the heads of these families formed the special council of the king; the "Achaemenidae," or royal family, being represented by the head of the branch next in succession to that of the reigning monarch (see the marginal reference).
bullocks, rams, lambs; which were for burnt offerings:
with their meat offerings, and their drink offerings; which always went along with the burnt offerings, according to the law of Moses; and which the king seemed to have a right knowledge of, being, no doubt, instructed by Ezra, or some other Jew in his court:That thou mayest buy speedily with this money bullocks, rams, lambs, with their meat offerings and their drink offerings, and offer them upon the altar of the house of your God which is in Jerusalem.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)17. Purpose of the gifts and offerings: (i) sacrifices.
that thou mayest buy speedily] R.V. therefore thou shalt buy with all diligence; ‘therefore’, i.e. because of the gifts received from the crown, the Babylonians and the Jews.
‘with all diligence’, see note on Ezra 5:8. The sacrifices here mentioned, as in Ezra 6:9-10, consist of burnt offerings (bullocks, rams, lambs), with their accompanying ‘meal’ and ‘drink-offerings’, Numbers 15:1-16.
meat offerings] R.V. meal offerings (i.e. ‘Minkhah’, as always in R.V.).Verse 17. - That thou mayest buy speedily with this money bullocks, etc. The primary application of the money sent by Ezra was to be the maintenance of the Jewish ritual in its full splendour (compare the decree of Darius, Ezra 6:9, 10). The residue was, however, to be employed in any way that Ezra, acting under Divine guidance, might direct (see below, ver. 18). Apparently, this residue was actually employed on beautifying the temple (see ver. 27). Ezra 7:11), with a short postscript by Ezra (Ezra 7:27 and Ezra 7:28). - Ezra 7:11 The introductory title, "This is the copy of the letter," On פּרשׁגן, comp. Ezra 4:11, and on נשׁתּון, Ezra 4:7. Ezra is here, as also in the letter itself, Ezra 7:12, Ezra 7:21, and in Nehemiah 8:9; Nehemiah 12:26, called only הסּופר הכּהן, the priest, the scribe; in other places we find merely one title or the other: either the priest, Nehemiah 10:10, Nehemiah 10:16, Nehemiah 8:2; or the scribe, Nehemiah 8:4, Nehemiah 8:13; Nehemiah 12:36. To designate him according to his rank, as the priest, seems to have subsequently become more customary; hence in the first book of Esdras he is constantly called ὁ Ἱιερεύς. הסּופר is explained by the addition וגו דּברי ספר, scribe of the words of the law of Jahve and of His statutes to Israel, i.e., the scribe, whose investigations referred to the law of God. More briefly in Ezra 7:12 and Ezra 7:21 : scribe of the law.
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