But if a man find a betrothed damsel in the field, and the man force her, and lie with her: then the man only that lay with her shall die.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)The man force her; which was to be examined and determined by the consideration of all the circumstances.
and a man force her, and lie with her; or "take fast and strong hold on her" (b); so that she is not able to get out of his hands, and make her escape, he being stronger than she, and so commits a rape upon her:
then the man only that lay with her shall die; he being guilty of adultery, in lying with a woman espoused to another man, but not she, because she consented not to it.But if a man find a betrothed damsel in the field, and the man force her, and lie with her: then the man only that lay with her shall die.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)25. But if in the field the man find, etc.] So the emphatic Heb. order. Field here in its wider and probably earlier sense, of the uncultivated, therefore uninhabited, land. So Deuteronomy 22:27, Deuteronomy 21:1.
force] Rather, seize, lay hold of, as in Deuteronomy 25:11.Deuteronomy 21:18, used to denote bodily chastisement, thought the limitation of the number of strokes to forty save one, may have been a later institution of the schools); and in addition to this they were to impose a fine upon him of 100 shekels of silver, which he was to pay to the father of the young wife for his malicious calumniation of an Israelitish maiden, - twice as much as the seducer of a virgin was to pay to her father for the reproach brought upon him by the humiliation of his daughter (Deuteronomy 22:29); and lastly, they were to deprive the man of the right of divorce from his wife.
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