What thing soever I command you, observe to do it: you shall not add thereto, nor diminish from it.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)What thing soever I command you.—No later writer could put these words into the mouth of Moses, if he had altered the precepts of Moses to any appreciable extent.
1 Kings 20:23; 2 Kings 17:26. Israel was to shun such superstitions as unworthy of the elect people of God. Proverbs 30:6. What thing soever I command you, observe to do it: thou shalt not add thereto, nor diminish from it.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)32. (Deuteronomy 13:1 in Heb.) is remarkable here; and would seem more in place at the beginning of the section before 29. The text is not certain; LXX A harmonises to Sg. throughout, but other versions confirm the Heb., though variously (LXX B you and the rest Sg., but Sam. thee and the rest Pl.), in a change of address. This and the use of common formulas mark the verse as editorial. It may have been thought necessary, after the removal from here of Deuteronomy 16:21 to Deuteronomy 17:7 (see above), as an introduction to Deuteronomy 13:1 ff. (Deuteronomy 13:2 ff. in Heb.).
command you] Sam., LXX add to-day.
observe to do] See on Deuteronomy 5:1.
thou shall not add, etc.] See on Deuteronomy 4:2.Verse 32. - The admonition in this verse is best regarded as forming an intermediate link between this chapter and the following, "closing what goes before and introductory to what follows" (Keil).
Deuteronomy 6:18. - In Deuteronomy 12:26, Deuteronomy 12:27, the command to offer all the holy gifts at the place chosen by the Lord is enforced once more, as in Deuteronomy 12:6, Deuteronomy 12:11, Deuteronomy 12:17, Deuteronomy 12:18; also to prepare the sacrifices at His altar. קדשׁים, the holy offerings prescribed in the law, as in Numbers 18:8; see at Leviticus 21:22. The "votive offerings" are mentioned in connection with these, because vows proceeded from a spontaneous impulse. לך יהיוּ אשׁר, "which are to thee," are binding upon thee. In v. 27, "the flesh and the blood" are in opposition to "thy burnt-offerings:" "thy burnt-offerings, namely the flesh and blood of them," thou shalt prepare at the altar of Jehovah; i.e., the flesh and blood of the burnt-offerings were to be placed upon and against the altar (see at Leviticus 1:5-9). Of the slain-offerings, i.e., the shelamim, the blood was to be poured out against the altar (Leviticus 3:2, Leviticus 3:8, Leviticus 3:13); "the flesh thou canst eat" (cf. Leviticus 7:11.). There is no ground for seeking an antithesis in ישּׁפך, as Knobel does, to the זרק in the sacrificial ritual. The indefinite expression may be explained from the retrospective allusion to Deuteronomy 12:24 and the purely suggestive character of the whole passage, the thing itself being supposed to be sufficiently known from the previous laws.
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