Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges
Jotham was twenty and five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem. His mother's name also was Jerushah, the daughter of Zadok.Ch. 2 Chronicles 27:1-6 (cp. 2 Kings 15:32-35). Jotham Succeeds
1. he reigned sixteen years] It is probable that the independent reign of Jotham was shorter than this, indeed if Azariah (Uzziah) be really mentioned (cp. 2 Chronicles 26:1, note) on an inscription of Tiglath-Pileser III. of b.c. 740, Jotham’s sole reign lasted probably less than six years, for Ahaz his successor seems to have begin to reign about b.c. 736.
And he did that which was right in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his father Uzziah did: howbeit he entered not into the temple of the LORD. And the people did yet corruptly.2. howbeit he entered not into the temple of the Lord] Kings has a different limitation, viz., “howbeit the high places were not removed.”
did yet corruptly] In Kings, “sacrificed and burnt incense still in the high places.”
He built the high gate of the house of the LORD, and on the wall of Ophel he built much.3. the high gate] R.V. the upper gate; cp. 2 Chronicles 23:20.
Ophel] Cp. 2 Chronicles 33:14; Nehemiah 3:26-27. It was a southern spur of the Temple Hill. Bädeker, p. 21.
Moreover he built cities in the mountains of Judah, and in the forests he built castles and towers.4. in the mountains] R.V. in the hill country; cp. Luke 1:39 (ἡ ὀρινή).
castles] Cp. 2 Chronicles 17:12 (note).
He fought also with the king of the Ammonites, and prevailed against them. And the children of Ammon gave him the same year an hundred talents of silver, and ten thousand measures of wheat, and ten thousand of barley. So much did the children of Ammon pay unto him, both the second year, and the third.5. the Ammonites] Cp. 2 Chronicles 20:1 ff.; 2 Chronicles 26:8.
an hundred talents of silver] Cp. 2 Kings 23:33.
measures] Heb. côrîm. A côr (= a ḥômer, Ezekiel 45:14, R.V.) was a dry measure holding 393.9 litres.
pay unto him, both the second year, and the third] R.V. render unto him, in the second year also, and in the third.
So Jotham became mighty, because he prepared his ways before the LORD his God.6. became mighty] The same Heb. word as in 2 Chronicles 1:1 (see note). prepared] R.V. ordered.
Now the rest of the acts of Jotham, and all his wars, and his ways, lo, they are written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah.7–9 (= 2 Kings 15:36-38). The Summary of Jotham’s Reign
7. all his wars] Only a war with Ammon is mentioned above, but according to 2 Kings 15:37 the Syro-Ephraimite war also began in Jotham’s reign.
the book of the kings] Cp. 2 Chronicles 25:26, and see Introduction, § 5.
He was five and twenty years old when he began to reign, and reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem.
And Jotham slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the city of David: and Ahaz his son reigned in his stead.