And Joash slept with his fathers; and Jeroboam sat on his throne: and Joash was buried in Samaria with the kings of Israel.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)Jeroboam sat upon his throne.—The variation from the stereotyped phrase, “and Jeroboam his son reigned in his stead,” is remarkable. (See 2Kings 14:16.) The Talmud (Seder Olam) and Kimchi fancy that it is implied that Joash associated Jeroboam with himself on the throne, for fear of a revolt (!).
Buried in Samaria with the kings of Israel.—So that there were “tombs of the kings” there, as at Jerusalem.2 Kings 13:13. And Joash slept with his fathers — The sacred writer does not here conclude the history of Joash, for he afterward relates great things done by him. But having to speak of the sickness and death of Elisha, upon which those things depended, he introduces that before he proceeds further to relate his acts.
and Jeroboam sat upon his throne; who was his son; it is not said that he began to sit on it, or to reign, nor to reign in his father's stead; hence it is concluded, as by Kimchi and others, that his father set him on his throne in his lifetime; and the Jewish chronology (l) expressly asserts that he reigned with him one year:
and Joash was buried in Samaria with the kings of Israel; see 2 Kings 13:9, the history of his life and actions does not cease here, but, after an account of the sickness and death of Elisha, it is reassumed, which was necessary to interpose to lead on to it.And Joash slept with his fathers; and Jeroboam sat upon his throne: and Joash was buried in Samaria with the kings of Israel.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)13. and Jeroboam sat upon his throne] i.e. Jeroboam the second, who was the third generation of the family of Jehu. This form of words concerning a royal succession is unusual. We generally have ‘reigned in his stead’. See below 2 Kings 14:16 for the usual form concerning this same king.
with the kings of Israel] Though Samaria was only built by Omri, Ahab’s father, yet by this time it had become the favourite city and the burial-place of the royal family.Verse 13. - And Joash slept with his fathers; and Jeroboam sat upon his throne. That Joash should call his eldest son Jeroboam, after the founder of the kingdom, indicated a thorough approval of that founder's policy and conduct, and perhaps a hope that he would be to the apparently decaying kingdom a sort of second founder. The name means, "he whose people is many," and was thus anticipative of that great enlargement of the Israelite kingdom, which took place under him (see 2 Kings 14:25-28). And Joash was buried in Samaria with the kings of Israel (see the comment on ver. 9). 2 Kings 13:5 : God gave them a saviour, ... although they did not desist from the sin of Jeroboam, ... for Israel had been brought to the last extremity; He (Jehovah) had left to Jehoahaz people (עם, people of war), only fifty horsemen, etc. For החטי instead of החטיא (2 Kings 13:6), see at 1 Kings 21:21. The suffix בּהּ in 2 Kings 13:6 refers to הטּאת, just as that in ממּנּה in 2 Kings 13:2 (see at 2 Kings 3:3). "And even the Asherah was (still) standing at Samaria," probably from the time of Ahab downwards (1 Kings 16:33), since Jehu is not said to have destroyed it (2 Kings 10:26.). וגו וישׂמם "and had made them like dust for trampling upon," - an expression denoting utter destruction.
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