And he set the sea on the right side of the east end, over against the south.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)And he set the sea . . .—Literally, And he set the sea on the right shoulder, eastward, in front of the southward; i.e., on the south-east side of the house (1Kings 7:39, b.). The LXX. and some MSS. add “of the house,” which appears to have fallen out of the text.2 Chronicles 4:19) and of the basins, is additional to the information contained in Kings. And he set the sea on the right side of the east end, over against the south.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)10. the sea] See 2 Chronicles 4:2-5.
on the right side of the east end, over against the south] R.V. on the right side of the house eastward, toward the south; cp. 1 Kings 7:39.
11–18 (= 1 Kings 7:40-47). The Works of Huram
This section is taken from the parallel passage of 1 Kings. The variations are few.Verse 10. - The right side of the east end, over against the south (so also 1 Kings 7:39; comp. Exodus 30:18). The sea found its position, therefore, in the place of the tabernacle laver of old, between altar of brass and porch. It must be remembered that the entrance was east, but it was counted to a person standing with the back to the tabernacle or temple, as though he were, in fact, going out, not entering in, the sacred enclosure; therefore on the right side will be southward, as written in this verse. 1 Kings 7:23-26. See the commentary on that passage, and the sketch in my Archaeol. i. plate iii. fig. 1. The differences in substance, such as the occurrence of בּקרים and הבּקר, 2 Chronicles 4:3, instead of פּקעים and הפּקים, and 3000 baths instead of 2000, are probably the result of orthographical errors in the Chronicle. יכיל in 2 Chronicles 4:5 appears superfluous after the preceding מחזיק, and Berth. considers it a gloss which has come from 1 Kings to our text by mistake. But the expression is only pleonastic: "receiving baths, 3000 it held;" and there is no sufficient reason to strike out the words.
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