Jotham was twenty and five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem. His mother's name also was Jerushah, the daughter of Zadok.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)XXVII.
REIGN OF JOTHAM.(Comp. 2Kings 15:32-38.)
LENGTH AND CHARACTER OF THE REIGN. PUBLIC WORKS
PUBLIC WORKS(2Chronicles 27:1-4).
(1) Jotham was twenty and five years old.—Word for word as 2Kings 15:33, only adding Jotham.A.M. 3246. — B.C. 758.
Jotham reigns well and prospers, 2 Chronicles 27:1-6. The conclusion of his reign, 2 Chronicles 27:7-9.
2 Chronicles 27:2. He did that which was right, &c. — He did according to all his father Uzziah did, except in his miscarriages. We must not imitate those we have the greatest esteem for, any further than they do well; and their failings must be warnings to us, to walk more circumspectly.
2 Chronicles 27:3. He built the high gate, &c. — Otherwise called the new gate. He repaired it, for it was built before, 2 Chronicles 11:5. On the wall of Ophel he built much — Ophel was a tower upon or near the wall of Jerusalem, which probably he fortified, as his father had other towers.
2 Chronicles 27:5-6. He fought also with the Ammonites — Who, it seems, endeavoured to shake off the yoke, which from David’s time had been put upon them. So Jotham became mighty — In wealth, and power, and influence upon the neighbouring nations, who courted his friendship, and feared his displeasure; because he prepared his ways, &c. — Or, directed his ways, his counsels, and actions, by the rule of God’s law. The more steadfast we are in religion, the more mighty we are both for the resistance of that which is evil, and for the performance of that which is good.
2 Chronicles 27:9. And Jotham slept with his fathers — He died in the midst of his days, being only forty-one years of age, finishing his course too soon, as we may be ready to say, considering his great usefulness, but finishing it with honour, and having the happiness of not outliving his reputation, as his last three mentioned predecessors outlived theirs. And Ahaz his son reigned in his stead — Whose character, in all respects, was the reverse of his. “When that wealth and powers,” says Henry, “which wise men have done good with, devolves upon fools, that will do hurt with it, it is lamentable, and shall be for a lamentation.”
2Ch 27:1-4. Jotham, Reigning Well, Prospers.
1. Jotham was twenty and five years old—(See on 2Ki 15:32-35).
His mother's name … Jerushah, the daughter of Zadok—or descendant of the famous priest of that name [2Sa 8:17].Jotham reigneth well; prospereth, 2 Chronicles 27:1-4; rendereth the Ammonites tributaries: his reign. Ahaz succeedeth him, 2 Chronicles 27:5-9.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)2 Chronicles 27:1-6 (cp. 2 Kings 15:32-35). Jotham Succeeds
1. he reigned sixteen years] It is probable that the independent reign of Jotham was shorter than this, indeed if Azariah (Uzziah) be really mentioned (cp. 2 Chronicles 26:1, note) on an inscription of Tiglath-Pileser III. of b.c. 740, Jotham’s sole reign lasted probably less than six years, for Ahaz his successor seems to have begin to reign about b.c. 736.Verse 1. - Jerushah. This name in the parallel is spelt with a final aleph instead of he. Nothing else is known of Jerushah, nor of her father Zadok. 1 Chronicles 6:10 (see on the passage). לכבוד לך לא, "It (the offering of incense) is not for thine honour before Jahve." זעף, to foam up in anger. וּבזעפּו, and while he foamed against the priests, i.e., was hot against them, the leprosy had broken out. מעל־למּזבּח, from by equals near, the altar. Thus was Uzziah visited with the same punishment, for his haughty disregard of the divinely appointed privileges of the priesthood, as was once inflicted upon Miriam for her rebellion against the prerogatives assigned to Moses by God (Numbers 12:10).
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