And Uzziah prepared for them throughout all the host shields, and spears, and helmets, and habergeons, and bows, and slings to cast stones.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)Throughout.—To wit, for all the army, an apposition.
Shields, and spears (rĕmāchîm, “lances”), and helmets, and habergeons (shiryônôth, “coats of mail” “cuirasses “).—For the heavy armed.
“Habergeon” is an old English word, meaning armour for neck and breast.
Bows, and slings . . . stones.—For the light armed. (See margin.)
Slings to cast stones.—Literally, stones of slings (the le is the mark of the accusative). They are mentioned to show that the equipment was complete.Judges 20:16, and by the ten tribes, a century before Uzziah, from 2 Kings 3:25.
11-15. an host of fighting men, that went out to war by bands—He raised a strong body of militia, divided into companies or regiments of uniform size, which served in rotation. The enumeration was performed by two functionaries expert in the drawing up of military muster-rolls, under the superintendence of Hananiah, one of the high officers of the crown. The army consisted of 307,500 picked men, under the command of two thousand gallant officers, chiefs or heads of fathers' houses, so that each father's house formed a distinct band. They were fully equipped with every kind of military accoutrements, from brazen helmets, a habergeon or coat of mail, to a sling for stones.
shields and spears; defensive and offensive weapons, the one to cover and protect their bodies, the other to push and pierce their enemies:
and helmets, and habergeons; the first of these were a covering for the head in the day of battle, and the other coats of mail, to defend the body:
and bows; to shoot arrows out of:And Uzziah prepared for them throughout all the host shields, and spears, and helmets, and habergeons, and bows, and slings to cast stones.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)14. throughout all the host] R.V. even for all the host.
habergeons] R.V. coats of mail. Skeat (Cambridge Companion to the Bible, p. 549) explains habergeon as “a smaller kind of hauberk, a coat of mail covering the neck and breast.” Cp. Nehemiah 4:16 (with Ryle’s note).
slings to cast stones] R.V. stones for slinging. Such stones needed to be carefully chosen, for they had to be smooth and of a suitable size. A water-course was the most suitable place for finding them (1 Samuel 17:40).Verse 14. - Habergeons... slings to cast stones. Revised Version right in rendering, coats of mail... and stones for slinging. On the Israelites' employment of the sling, note Judges 20:16; 1 Samuel 17:40; 2 Kings 3:25. Daniel 11:7.
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