And the residue of the families of the sons of Kohath had cities of their coasts out of the tribe of Ephraim.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)And the residue of the families.—The Hebrew text can hardly mean this; and Joshua 21:20 shows that it is incorrect. The original text must have been, “And to the families of the sons of Kohath:—and the cities of their border were of the tribe of Ephraim.” The construction breaks off, and a new start is made by the words “and the cities,” &c. The verse is abridged as compared with Joshua, 501001 Chronicles 6:66. Had cities of their coasts — Or, of their borders, that is, of their country contained within its borders: these cities were assigned the families of the sons of Kohath, though they were not priests, for their support in a lower ministry.
Out of the half tribe ... ten cities - The half tribe furnished two cities only (1 Chronicles 6:70, and compare Joshua 21:25). It is evident therefore that something has fallen out. We may supply from Joshua the words "out of Ephraim and out of Dan, and" before "out of the half tribe."Of their coasts, or, of their borders, i.e. of their country contained within its borders, as that word is oft used, as hath been noted before. Joshua 21:1 with some few variations of names of places, which have been there observed: see the notes there; only in 1 Chronicles 6:57 two cities are omitted, Juttah and Gibeon, through want of care in transcribing, since they are said to be "thirteen", as they should be, whereas eleven only are mentioned. The Jews say (h), the cities of the suburbs (those here mentioned) ceased from the time the first temple was destroyed; and yet Ezra, who lived after the captivity, and the building the second temple, here gives a very particular account of them; the suburbs belonging to every city, which he particularly mentions, were 2000 cubits, both to the cities of refuge, and the rest, Numbers 35:5 Hebron, the first city mentioned in the next verse, was a city of refuge, and had suburbs of such a space; and it is remarkable, that some of the temples with the Heathens, which were asylums, or places of refuge, had the space of 2000 paces assigned them for the same sanctity and privilege (i). And the residue of the families of the sons of Kohath had cities of their coasts out of the tribe of Ephraim.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)Joshua 21:20-25). The [ten] cities of the non-Aaronite Kohathites
66. the residue of the families] R.V. some of the families.
of their coasts] R.V. of their borders.1 Chronicles 6:42-45). The plural המּקלט ערי is incorrect, for only one of the cities thereafter named, viz., Hebron, was a city of refuge for homicides, and in Joshua 21:13 it is correctly written מקלט עיר. After יתּיר retfA the usual addition ואת־מגרשׁיה is omitted, 1 Chronicles 6:59. Before Bethshemesh the name Juttah has been lost, and before Geba (1 Chronicles 6:60) the name Gibeon, so that only eleven cities are mentioned, but the sum is rightly given as thirteen. Instead of the name חילן, 1 Chronicles 6:58, there is found in Joshua 21:15 and Joshua 15:51 חלן; instead of עין, Joshua 21:16, we have in 1 Chronicles 6:59 the more correct name עשׁן; and the name עלּמת, 1 Chronicles 6:60, is in Joshua 21:18 עלמון.
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