|New International Version (© 2011)|
After Jesus and his disciples arrived in Capernaum, the collectors of the two-drachma temple tax came to Peter and asked, "Doesn't your teacher pay the temple tax?"
King James Bible
And when they were come to Capernaum, they that received tribute money came to Peter, and said, Doth not your master pay tribute?
American Standard Version
And when they were come to Capernaum, they that received the half-shekel came to Peter, and said, Doth not your teacher pay the half-shekel?
Young's Literal Translation
And they having come to Capernaum, those receiving the didrachms came near to Peter, and said, 'Your teacher -- doth he not pay the didrachms?' He saith, 'Yes.'
Matthew 17:24 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
They that received tribute - This was not a tax to be paid to the Roman government; but a tax for the support of the temple. The law, Exodus 30:13, obliged every male among the Jews to pay half a shekel yearly; for the support of the temple; and this was continued by them wherever dispersed, till after the time of Vespasian, see Josephus, War, book 7. c. 6, who ordered it afterwards to be paid into the Roman treasury. The word in the text, which is generally translated tribute - τα διδραχμα, signifies the didrachma, or two drachms. This piece of money was about the value of two Attic drachms, each equal to fifteen pence of our money. The didrachma of the Septuagint, mentioned Exodus 30:13, was twice as heavy as the Attic, for it was equal to a whole shekel, this being the value of that piece of money at Alexandrina, the place where the Septuagint translation was made; for the half shekel mentioned in the above passage, they render ημισυ του διδαχμου, the half of a didrachma.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Mark 9:33 And he came to Capernaum: and being in the house he asked them, What was it that you disputed among yourselves by the way?
tribute. 'Gr. didrachma, in value fifteen pence.'
Exodus 30:13 This they shall give, every one that passes among them that are numbered, half a shekel after the shekel of the sanctuary...
Exodus 38:26 A bekah for every man, that is, half a shekel, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for every one that went to be numbered...
This tribute seems to have been the half shekel which every male among the Jews paid yearly for the support of the temple, and which was continued by them, wherever dispersed, till after the time of Vespasian.
Matthew 17:24 Parallel CommentariesArrival Capernaum Caper'na-Um Coins Collected Collectors Disciples Half-Shekel Jesus Master Money Pay Payment Peter Received Receiving Tax Teacher Temple Tribute Tribute-MoneyArrival Capernaum Caper'na-Um Coins Collected Collectors Disciples Half-Shekel Jesus Master Money Pay Payment Peter Received Receiving Tax Teacher Temple Tribute Tribute-MoneyTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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Exodus 30:13 Each one who crosses over to those already counted is to give a half shekel, according to the sanctuary shekel, which weighs twenty gerahs. This half shekel is an offering to the LORD.
Exodus 38:26 one beka per person, that is, half a shekel, according to the sanctuary shekel, from everyone who had crossed over to those counted, twenty years old or more, a total of 603,550 men.
Nehemiah 10:32 "We assume the responsibility for carrying out the commands to give a third of a shekel each year for the service of the house of our God:
Matthew 5:46 If you love those who love you, what reward will you get? Are not even the tax collectors doing that?