Mark 12:17
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Then Jesus said to them, "Give back to Caesar what is Caesar's and to God what is God's." And they were amazed at him.

King James Bible
And Jesus answering said unto them, Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's. And they marvelled at him.

Darby Bible Translation
And Jesus answering said to them, Pay what is Caesar's to Caesar, and what is God's to God. And they wondered at him.

World English Bible
Jesus answered them, "Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's." They marveled greatly at him.

Young's Literal Translation
and Jesus answering said to them, 'Give back the things of Caesar to Caesar, and the things of God to God;' and they did wonder at him.

Mark 12:17 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Shall we give, or shall we not give? - This is wanting in the Codex Bezae, and in several versions.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Render.

Proverbs 24:21 My son, fear you the LORD and the king: and meddle not with them that are given to change:

Matthew 17:25-27 He said, Yes. And when he was come into the house, Jesus prevented him, saying, What think you, Simon...

Romans 13:7 Render therefore to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute is due; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honor to whom honor.

1 Peter 2:17 Honor all men. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honor the king.

and to.

Mark 12:30 And you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind, and with all your strength...

Proverbs 23:26 My son, give me your heart, and let your eyes observe my ways.

Ecclesiastes 5:4,5 When you vow a vow to God, defer not to pay it; for he has no pleasure in fools: pay that which you have vowed...

Malachi 1:6 A son honors his father, and a servant his master: if then I be a father, where is my honor? and if I be a master, where is my fear?...

Acts 4:19,20 But Peter and John answered and said to them, Whether it be right in the sight of God to listen to you more than to God, judge you...

Romans 6:13 Neither yield you your members as instruments of unrighteousness to sin: but yield yourselves to God...

Romans 12:1 I beseech you therefore, brothers, by the mercies of God, that you present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God...

1 Corinthians 6:19,20 What? know you not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which you have of God, and you are not your own...

2 Corinthians 5:14,15 For the love of Christ constrains us; because we thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead...

And they.

Job 5:12,13 He disappoints the devices of the crafty, so that their hands cannot perform their enterprise...

Matthew 22:22,33,46 When they had heard these words, they marveled, and left him, and went their way...

1 Corinthians 14:24,25 But if all prophesy, and there come in one that believes not, or one unlearned, he is convinced of all, he is judged of all...

Library
God's Last Arrow
'Having yet therefore one son, his well-beloved, he sent him also last unto them.'--Mark xii. 6. Reference to Isaiah v. There are differences in detail here which need not trouble us. Isaiah's parable is a review of the theocratic history of Israel, and clearly the messengers are the prophets; here Christ speaks of Himself and His own mission to Israel, and goes on to tell of His death as already accomplished. I. The Son who follows and surpasses the servants. (a) Our Lord here places Himself in
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Marvels of Holy Scripture, --Moral and Physical. --Jael's Deed Defended. --Miracles vindicated.
Do ye not therefore err, because ye know not the Scriptures, neither the power of God. ON a certain occasion, the Son of Man was asked what was thought a hard question by those who, in His day, professed "the negative Theology [588] ." There was a moral and there was physical marvel to be solved. Both difficulties were met by a single sentence. The Sadducean judgment had gone astray from the Truth, (planasthe our Saviour said,) from a twofold cause: (1) The men did not understand those very Scriptures
John William Burgon—Inspiration and Interpretation

A Serious Persuasive to Such a Method of Spending Our Days as is Represented in the Former Chapter.
1, 2. Christians fix their views too low, and indulge too indolent a disposition, which makes it more necessary to urge such a life as that under consideration.--3. It is therefore enforced, from its being apparently reasonable, considering ourselves as the creatures of God, and as redeemed by the blond of Christ.--4. From its evident tendency to conduce to our comfort in life.--5. From the influence it will have to promote our usefulness to others.--6. From its efficacy to make afflictions lighter.--7.
Philip Doddridge—The Rise and Progress of Religion in the Soul

The Cross as a Social Principle
Social Redemption is Wrought by Vicarious Suffering DAILY READINGS First Day: The Prophetic Succession And he began to speak unto them in parables. A man planted a vineyard, and set a hedge about it, and digged a pit for the winepress, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into another country. And at the season he sent to the husbandmen a servant, that he might receive from the husbandmen of the fruits of the vineyard. And they took him, and beat him, and sent him away empty.
Walter Rauschenbusch—The Social Principles of Jesus

Cross References
Matthew 8:10
When Jesus heard this, he was amazed and said to those following him, "Truly I tell you, I have not found anyone in Israel with such great faith.

Matthew 22:21
"Caesar's," they replied. Then he said to them, "So give back to Caesar what is Caesar's, and to God what is God's."

Mark 12:16
They brought the coin, and he asked them, "Whose image is this? And whose inscription?" "Caesar's," they replied.

Luke 20:25
He said to them, "Then give back to Caesar what is Caesar's, and to God what is God's."

Romans 13:7
Give to everyone what you owe them: If you owe taxes, pay taxes; if revenue, then revenue; if respect, then respect; if honor, then honor.

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