And three of the friends of Job hear of all this evil that hath come upon him, and they come in each from his place -- Eliphaz the Temanite, and Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite -- and they are met together to come in to bemoan him, and to comfort him;
Job 2:11 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Job's three friends - The first was Eliphaz the Temanite; or, as the Septuagint has it, Ελιφαζ ὁ Θαιμανων βασιλευς, Eliphaz the king on the Thaimanites. Eliphaz was one of the sons of Esau; and Teman, of Eliphaz, Genesis 36:10, Genesis 36:11. Teman was a city of Edom, Jeremiah 49:7-20; Ezekiel 25:13; Amos 1:11, Amos 1:12.
Bildad the Shuhite - Or, as the Septuagint, Βαλδαδ ὁ Συχεων τυραννος, Baldad, tyrant of the Suchites. Shuah was the son of Abraham by Keturah: and his posterity is reckoned among the Easterns. It is supposed he should be placed with his brother Midian, and his brother's sons Sheba and Dedan. See Genesis 25:2, Genesis 25:3. Dedan was a city of Edom, see Jeremiah 49:8, and seems to have been situated in its southern boundary, as Teman was in its western. Ezekiel 25:13.
Zophar the Naamathite - Or, according to the Septuagint, Σωφαρ Μιναιων Βασιλευς, Sophar king of the Minaites. He most probably came from that Naamah, which was bordering upon the Edomites to the south and fell by lot to the tribe of Judah, Joshua 15:21-41. These circumstances, which have already been mentioned in the introduction, prove that Job must have dwelt in the land of Edom, and that all his friends dwelt in Arabia Petraea, or in the countries immediately adjacent. That some of those Eastern people were highly cultivated, we have at least indirect proof in the case of the Temanites, Jeremiah 49:7 : Concerning Edom thus saith the Lord of hosts, Is wisdom no more in Teman? Is counsel perished from the prudent? Is their wisdom vanished? They are celebrated also in Baruch 3:22, 23. Speaking of wisdom he says: It hath not been heard of in Chanaan; neither hath it been seen in Theman. The Agarenes that seek wisdom upon earth, the merchants of Meran and of Theman, the expounders of fables, and searchers out of understanding, none of these have known the way of wisdom. It is evident enough from these quotations that the inhabitants of those districts were celebrated for their knowledge; and the sayings of Job's three friends are proofs that their reputation for wisdom stood on a very solid foundation.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Job 6:14 To him that is afflicted pity should be showed from his friend; but he forsakes the fear of the Almighty.
Job 16:20 My friends scorn me: but my eye pours out tears to God.
Job 19:19,21 All my inward friends abhorred me: and they whom I loved are turned against me...
Job 42:7 And it was so, that after the LORD had spoken these words to Job, the LORD said to Eliphaz the Temanite, My wrath is kindled against you...
Proverbs 17:17 A friend loves at all times, and a brother is born for adversity.
Proverbs 18:24 A man that has friends must show himself friendly: and there is a friend that sticks closer than a brother.
Proverbs 27:10 Your own friend, and your father's friend, forsake not; neither go into your brother's house in the day of your calamity...
Job 6:19 The troops of Tema looked, the companies of Sheba waited for them.
Job 15:1 Then answered Eliphaz the Temanite, and said,
Genesis 36:11,15 And the sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, and Gatam, and Kenaz...
Jeremiah 49:7 Concerning Edom, thus said the LORD of hosts; Is wisdom no more in Teman? is counsel perished from the prudent?...
Job 8:1 Then answered Bildad the Shuhite, and said,
Job 18:1 Then answered Bildad the Shuhite, and said,
Genesis 25:2 And she bore him Zimran, and Jokshan, and Medan, and Midian, and Ishbak, and Shuah.
1 Chronicles 1:32 Now the sons of Keturah, Abraham's concubine: she bore Zimran, and Jokshan, and Medan, and Midian, and Ishbak...
Job 42:11 Then came there to him all his brothers, and all his sisters, and all they that had been of his acquaintance before...
Genesis 37:35 And all his sons and all his daughters rose up to comfort him; but he refused to be comforted; and he said...
Isaiah 51:19 These two things are come to you; who shall be sorry for you? desolation, and destruction, and the famine, and the sword...
John 11:19 And many of the Jews came to Martha and Mary, to comfort them concerning their brother.
Romans 12:15 Rejoice with them that do rejoice, and weep with them that weep.
1 Corinthians 12:26 And whether one member suffer, all the members suffer with it; or one member be honored, all the members rejoice with it.
Hebrews 13:3 Remember them that are in bonds, as bound with them; and them which suffer adversity, as being yourselves also in the body.
Job 13:4 But you are forgers of lies, you are all physicians of no value.
Job 16:2 I have heard many such things: miserable comforters are you all.
Job 2:11 Parallel CommentariesAppointment Bildad Comfort Eliphaz Evil Friends Heard Job's Mourn Naamathite Shuhite Sympathize Temanite Three Together ZopharAppointment Bildad Comfort Eliphaz Evil Friends Heard Job's Mourn Naamathite Shuhite Sympathize Temanite Three Together ZopharTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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