Jeremiah 51:11
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Sharpen the arrows, take up the shields! The LORD has stirred up the kings of the Medes, because his purpose is to destroy Babylon. The LORD will take vengeance, vengeance for his temple.

King James Bible
Make bright the arrows; gather the shields: the LORD hath raised up the spirit of the kings of the Medes: for his device is against Babylon, to destroy it; because it is the vengeance of the LORD, the vengeance of his temple.

Darby Bible Translation
Sharpen the arrows; take the shields. Jehovah hath stirred up the spirit of the kings of the Medes; for his purpose is against Babylon, to destroy it; for this is the vengeance of Jehovah, the vengeance of his temple.

World English Bible
Make sharp the arrows; hold firm the shields: Yahweh has stirred up the spirit of the kings of the Medes; because his purpose is against Babylon, to destroy it: for it is the vengeance of Yahweh, the vengeance of his temple.

Young's Literal Translation
Cleanse ye the arrows, fill the shields, Stirred up hath Jehovah the spirit of the kings of Madia, For against Babylon His device is to destroy it, For the vengeance of Jehovah it is, The vengeance of His temple.

Jeremiah 51:11 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Make bright the arrows - This is the prophet's address to Babylon.

The Lord hath raised up the spirit of the kings of the Medes - Of Cyaxares king of Media, called Darius the Mede in Scripture; and of Cyrus king of Persia, presumptive heir of the throne of Cyaxares, his uncle. Cambyses, his father, sent him, Cyrus, with 30, 000 men to assist his uncle Cyaxares, against Neriglissar king of Babylon, and by these was Babylon overthrown.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Make

Jeremiah 46:4,9 Harness the horses; and get up, you horsemen, and stand forth with your helmets; furbish the spears, and put on the brigandines...

Jeremiah 50:9,14,25,28,29 For, see, I will raise and cause to come up against Babylon an assembly of great nations from the north country...

Isaiah 21:5 Prepare the table, watch in the watchtower, eat, drink: arise, you princes, and anoint the shield.

bright [heb] pure
the Lord hath

Jeremiah 51:27,28 Set you up a standard in the land, blow the trumpet among the nations, prepare the nations against her...

1 Kings 11:14,23 And the LORD stirred up an adversary to Solomon, Hadad the Edomite: he was of the king's seed in Edom...

1 Chronicles 5:26 And the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria...

2 Chronicles 36:22 Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the LORD spoken by the mouth of Jeremiah might be accomplished...

Ezra 1:1 Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled...

Isaiah 10:26 And the LORD of hosts shall stir up a whip for him according to the slaughter of Midian at the rock of Oreb...

Isaiah 13:17 Behold, I will stir up the Medes against them, which shall not regard silver; and as for gold, they shall not delight in it.

Isaiah 13:18 Their bows also shall dash the young men to pieces; and they shall have no pity on the fruit of the womb...

Isaiah 21:2 A grievous vision is declared to me; the treacherous dealer deals treacherously, and the spoiler spoils. Go up, O Elam: besiege...

Isaiah 41:25 I have raised up one from the north, and he shall come: from the rising of the sun shall he call on my name...

Isaiah 45:1,5 Thus said the LORD to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have held, to subdue nations before him...

Isaiah 46:11 Calling a ravenous bird from the east, the man that executes my counsel from a far country: yes, I have spoken it...

Revelation 17:16,17 And the ten horns which you saw on the beast, these shall hate the whore, and shall make her desolate and naked...

the spirit Of Cyaxares king of Media, called `Darius the Mede' in scripture; and Cyrus his nephew, king of persia, presumptive heir of the throne of his uncle.

his device

Jeremiah 51:12,29 Set up the standard on the walls of Babylon, make the watch strong, set up the watchmen, prepare the ambushes...

Jeremiah 50:45 Therefore hear you the counsel of the LORD, that he has taken against Babylon; and his purposes...

the vengeance

Jeremiah 51:24,35 And I will render to Babylon and to all the inhabitants of Chaldea all their evil that they have done in Zion in your sight...

Jeremiah 50:15,28 Shout against her round about: she has given her hand: her foundations are fallen, her walls are thrown down...

Psalm 74:3-11 Lift up your feet to the perpetual desolations; even all that the enemy has done wickedly in the sanctuary...

Psalm 83:3-9 They have taken crafty counsel against your people, and consulted against your hidden ones...

Habakkuk 2:17-20 For the violence of Lebanon shall cover you, and the spoil of beasts, which made them afraid, because of men's blood...

Zechariah 12:2,3 Behold, I will make Jerusalem a cup of trembling to all the people round about...

Zechariah 14:2,12 For I will gather all nations against Jerusalem to battle; and the city shall be taken, and the houses rifled, and the women ravished...

Library
The Power of Assyria at Its Zenith; Esarhaddon and Assur-Bani-Pal
The Medes and Cimmerians: Lydia--The conquest of Egypt, of Arabia, and of Elam. As we have already seen, Sennacherib reigned for eight years after his triumph; eight years of tranquillity at home, and of peace with all his neighbours abroad. If we examine the contemporary monuments or the documents of a later period, and attempt to glean from them some details concerning the close of his career, we find that there is a complete absence of any record of national movement on the part of either Elam,
G. Maspero—History Of Egypt, Chaldaea, Syria, Babylonia, and Assyria, V 8

The Last King of Judah
Zedekiah at the beginning of his reign was trusted fully by the king of Babylon and had as a tried counselor the prophet Jeremiah. By pursuing an honorable course toward the Babylonians and by paying heed to the messages from the Lord through Jeremiah, he could have kept the respect of many in high authority and have had opportunity to communicate to them a knowledge of the true God. Thus the captive exiles already in Babylon would have been placed on vantage ground and granted many liberties; the
Ellen Gould White—The Story of Prophets and Kings

Cross References
Leviticus 26:25
And I will bring the sword on you to avenge the breaking of the covenant. When you withdraw into your cities, I will send a plague among you, and you will be given into enemy hands.

Isaiah 13:17
See, I will stir up against them the Medes, who do not care for silver and have no delight in gold.

Isaiah 45:1
"This is what the LORD says to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I take hold of to subdue nations before him and to strip kings of their armor, to open doors before him so that gates will not be shut:

Jeremiah 25:25
all the kings of Zimri, Elam and Media;

Jeremiah 46:3
"Prepare your shields, both large and small, and march out for battle!

Jeremiah 46:4
Harness the horses, mount the steeds! Take your positions with helmets on! Polish your spears, put on your armor!

Jeremiah 46:9
Charge, you horses! Drive furiously, you charioteers! March on, you warriors--men of Cush and Put who carry shields, men of Lydia who draw the bow.

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