Isaiah 48:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
For I knew how stubborn you were; your neck muscles were iron, your forehead was bronze.

King James Bible
Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass;

Darby Bible Translation
Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass,

World English Bible
Because I knew that you are obstinate, and your neck is an iron sinew, and your brow brass;

Young's Literal Translation
From my knowing that thou art obstinate, And a sinew of iron thy neck, And thy forehead brass,

Isaiah 48:4 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Are come forth out of the waters of Judah "Ye that flow from the fountain of Judah" - ממי mimmey, "from the waters." Perhaps ממעי mimmeey, "from the bowels," So many others have conjectured, or מני יהודה meni yehudah, or מיהודה meyhudah, "from Judah." - Secker. But see Michaelis in Praelect, not. 22. And we have עין יעקב eyn yaakob, "the fountain of Jacob," Deuteronomy 33:28, and ממקור ישראל mimmekor yishrael, "from the fountain of Israel," Psalm 68:27. Twenty-seven MSS. of Kennicott's, six of De Rossi's and two of my own, with six editions, have מימי meymey, "from the days;" which makes no good sense.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

I knew

Isaiah 46:12 Listen to me, you stouthearted, that are far from righteousness:

Psalm 78:8 And might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation; a generation that set not their heart aright...

Zechariah 7:11,12 But they refused to listen, and pulled away the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they should not hear...

obstinate. Heb. hard

Jeremiah 5:3 O LORD, are not your eyes on the truth? you have stricken them, but they have not grieved; you have consumed them...

Ezekiel 3:4-7 And he said to me, Son of man, go, get you to the house of Israel, and speak with my words to them...

Daniel 5:20 But when his heart was lifted up, and his mind hardened in pride, he was deposed from his kingly throne...

Romans 2:5 But after your hardness and impenitent heart treasure up to yourself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation...

Hebrews 3:13 But exhort one another daily, while it is called To day; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.

and they

Exodus 32:9 And the LORD said to Moses, I have seen this people, and, behold, it is a stiff necked people:

Exodus 33:3,5 To a land flowing with milk and honey: for I will not go up in the middle of you; for you are a stiff necked people...

Deuteronomy 10:16 Circumcise therefore the foreskin of your heart, and be no more stiff necked.

Deuteronomy 31:27 For I know your rebellion, and your stiff neck: behold, while I am yet alive with you this day...

2 Kings 17:14 Notwithstanding they would not hear, but hardened their necks, like to the neck of their fathers...

2 Chronicles 30:8 Now be you not stiff necked, as your fathers were, but yield yourselves to the LORD, and enter into his sanctuary...

2 Chronicles 36:13 And he also rebelled against king Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him swear by God: but he stiffened his neck...

Nehemiah 9:16,17,28 But they and our fathers dealt proudly, and hardened their necks, and listened not to your commandments...

Psalm 75:5 Lift not up your horn on high: speak not with a stiff neck.

Proverbs 29:1 He, that being often reproved hardens his neck, shall suddenly be destroyed, and that without remedy.

Jeremiah 7:26 Yet they listened not to me, nor inclined their ear, but hardened their neck: they did worse than their fathers.

Jeremiah 19:15 Thus said the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold...

Zechariah 7:12 Yes, they made their hearts as an adamant stone, lest they should hear the law...

Acts 7:51 You stiff necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, you do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers did, so do you.

they brow

Jeremiah 3:3 Therefore the showers have been withheld, and there has been no latter rain; and you had a whore's forehead, you refused to be ashamed.

Ezekiel 3:7-9 But the house of Israel will not listen to you; for they will not listen to me...

Library
A River of Peace and Waves of Righteousness
'Oh that thou hadst hearkened to My commandments! then had thy peace been as a river, and thy righteousness as the waves of the sea.'-- ISAIAH xlviii. 18. I. The Wonderful Thought of God here. This is an exclamation of disappointment; of thwarted love. The good which He purposed has been missed by man's fault, and He regards the faulty Israel with sorrow and pity as a would-be benefactor balked of a kind intention might do. O Jerusalem! 'how often would I have gathered thee.' 'If thou hadst known
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

"Thou Shall Keep Him in Perfect Peace, Whose Mind is Stayed on Thee, Because He Trusteth in Thee. "
Isaiah xxvi. 3.--"Thou shall keep him in perfect peace, whose mind is stayed on thee, because he trusteth in thee." Christ hath left us his peace, as the great and comprehensive legacy, "My peace I leave you," John xiv. 27. And this was not peace in the world that he enjoyed; you know what his life was, a continual warfare; but a peace above the world, that passeth understanding. "In the world you shall have trouble, but in me you shall have peace," saith Christ,--a peace that shall make trouble
Hugh Binning—The Works of the Rev. Hugh Binning

The Bible and the French Revolution
In the sixteenth century the Reformation, presenting an open Bible to the people, had sought admission to all the countries of Europe. Some nations welcomed it with gladness, as a messenger of Heaven. In other lands the papacy succeeded to a great extent in preventing its entrance; and the light of Bible knowledge, with its elevating influences, was almost wholly excluded. In one country, though the light found entrance, it was not comprehended by the darkness. For centuries, truth and error struggled
Ellen Gould White—The Great Controversy

Blasphemous Accusations of the Jews.
(Galilee.) ^A Matt. XII. 22-37; ^B Mark III. 19-30; ^C Luke XI. 14-23. ^b 19 And he cometh into a house. [Whose house is not stated.] 20 And the multitude cometh together again [as on a previous occasion--Mark ii. 1], so that they could not so much as eat bread. [They could not sit down to a regular meal. A wonderful picture of the intense importunity of people and the corresponding eagerness of Jesus, who was as willing to do as they were to have done.] 21 And when his friends heard it, they went
J. W. McGarvey—The Four-Fold Gospel

Cross References
Acts 7:51
"You stiff-necked people! Your hearts and ears are still uncircumcised. You are just like your ancestors: You always resist the Holy Spirit!

Exodus 32:9
"I have seen these people," the LORD said to Moses, "and they are a stiff-necked people.

Deuteronomy 31:27
For I know how rebellious and stiff-necked you are. If you have been rebellious against the LORD while I am still alive and with you, how much more will you rebel after I die!

2 Chronicles 36:13
He also rebelled against King Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him take an oath in God's name. He became stiff-necked and hardened his heart and would not turn to the LORD, the God of Israel.

Proverbs 29:1
Whoever remains stiff-necked after many rebukes will suddenly be destroyed--without remedy.

Isaiah 46:12
Listen to me, you stubborn-hearted, you who are now far from my righteousness.

Ezekiel 2:4
The people to whom I am sending you are obstinate and stubborn. Say to them, 'This is what the Sovereign LORD says.'

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