'Thy fulness and thy liquids thou dost not delay; the first-born of thy sons thou dost give to Me;
Exodus 22:29 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
The first of thy ripe fruits - This offering was a public acknowledgment of the bounty and goodness of God, who had given them their proper seed time, the first and the latter rain, and the appointed weeks of harvest.
From the practice of the people of God the heathens borrowed a similar one, founded on the same reason. The following passage from Censorinus, De Die Natali, is beautiful, and worthy of the deepest attention: -
Illi enim (majores nostri) qui alimenta, patriam, lucem, se denique ipsos deorum dono habebant, ex omnibus aliquid diis sacrabant, magis adeo, ut se gratos approbarent, quam quod deos arbitrarentur hoc indigere. Itaque cum perceperant fruges, antequam vescerentur, Diis libare instituerunt: et cum agros atque urbes, deorum munera, possiderent, partem quandam templis sacellisque, ubi eos colerent, dicavere.
"Our ancestors, who held their food, their country, the light, and all that they possessed, from the bounty of the gods, consecrated to them a part of all their property, rather as a token of their gratitude, than from a conviction that the gods needed any thing. Therefore as soon as the harvest was got in, before they had tasted of the fruits, they appointed libations to be made to the gods. And as they held their fields and cities as gifts from their gods, they consecrated a certain part for temples and shrines, where they might worship them."
Pliny is express on the same point, who attests that the Romans never tasted either their new corn or wine, till the priests had offered the First-Fruits to the gods. Acts ne degustabant quidem, novas fruges aut vina, antequam sacerdotes Primitias Libassent. Hist. Nat., lib. xviii., c. 2.
Horace bears the same testimony, and shows that his countrymen offered, not only their first-fruits, but the choicest of all their fruits, to the Lares or household gods; and he shows also the wickedness of those who sent these as presents to the rich, before the gods had been thus honored: -
Et quoscumque feret cultus tibi fundus honores,
Ante Larem gustet venerabilior Lare dives.
Sat., lib. ii., s. v., ver. 12.
"What your garden yields,
The choicest honors of your cultured fields,
To him be sacrificed, and let him taste,
Before your gods, the vegetable feast."
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
shalt not delay
Exodus 23:16,19 And the feast of harvest, the first fruits of your labors, which you have sown in the field: and the feast of ingathering...
Deuteronomy 26:2-10 That you shall take of the first of all the fruit of the earth, which you shall bring of your land that the LORD your God gives you...
2 Kings 4:42 And there came a man from Baalshalisha, and brought the man of God bread of the first fruits, twenty loaves of barley...
2 Chronicles 31:5 And as soon as the commandment came abroad, the children of Israel brought in abundance the first fruits of corn, wine, and oil...
Proverbs 3:9,10 Honor the LORD with your substance, and with the first fruits of all your increase...
Ezekiel 20:40 For in my holy mountain, in the mountain of the height of Israel, said the Lord GOD, there shall all the house of Israel...
Micah 7:1 Woe is me! for I am as when they have gathered the summer fruits, as the grape gleanings of the vintage: there is no cluster to eat...
Matthew 6:33 But seek you first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness; and all these things shall be added to you.
Romans 8:23 And not only they, but ourselves also, which have the first fruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves...
James 1:18 Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of first fruits of his creatures.
the first of they ripe fruits. Heb. they fulness. liquors. Heb. tear. the firstborn
Exodus 13:2,12 Sanctify to me all the firstborn, whatever opens the womb among the children of Israel, both of man and of beast: it is mine...
Exodus 34:19 All that opens the matrix is mine; and every firstling among your cattle, whether ox or sheep, that is male.
Exodus 22:29 Parallel CommentariesDelay First Firstborn First-Born Fruits Fulness Grain Granaries Harvest Hold Offer Offering Offerings Presses Ripe Threshing-Floor Vats Vines Vintage Wealth WinepressDelay First Firstborn First-Born Fruits Fulness Grain Granaries Harvest Hold Offer Offering Offerings Presses Ripe Threshing-Floor Vats Vines Vintage Wealth WinepressTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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