Exodus 1:7
Parallel Verses
New International Version
but the Israelites were exceedingly fruitful; they multiplied greatly, increased in numbers and became so numerous that the land was filled with them.

King James Bible
And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them.

Darby Bible Translation
And the children of Israel were fruitful, and swarmed and multiplied, and became exceeding strong; and the land was full of them.

World English Bible
The children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and grew exceedingly mighty; and the land was filled with them.

Young's Literal Translation
and the sons of Israel have been fruitful, and they teem, and multiply, and are very very mighty, and the land is filled with them.

Exodus 1:7 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The children of Israel were fruitful - פרו paru, a general term, signifying that they were like healthy trees, bringing forth an abundance of fruit.

And increased - ישרץ yishretsu, they increased like fishes, as the original word implies. See Genesis 1:20 (note), and the note there.

Abundantly - ירבו yirbu, they multiplied; this is a separate term, and should not have been used as an adverb by our translators.

And waxed exceeding mighty - ויעצמו במאד מאד vaiyaatsmu bimod meod, and they became strong beyond measure - superlatively, superlatively - so that the land (Goshen) was filled with them. This astonishing increase was, under the providence of God, chiefly owing to two causes:

1. The Hebrew women were exceedingly fruitful, suffered very little in parturition, and probably often brought forth twins.

2. There appear to have been no premature deaths among them. Thus in about two hundred and fifteen years they were multiplied to upwards of 600,000, independently of old men, women, and children.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

fruitful.

Exodus 12:37 And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children.

Genesis 1:20,28 And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that has life...

Genesis 9:1 And God blessed Noah and his sons, and said to them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth.

Genesis 12:2 And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you, and make your name great; and you shall be a blessing:

Genesis 13:16 And I will make your seed as the dust of the earth: so that if a man can number the dust of the earth...

Genesis 15:5 And he brought him forth abroad, and said, Look now toward heaven, and tell the stars, if you be able to number them...

Genesis 17:4-6,16 As for me, behold, my covenant is with you, and you shall be a father of many nations...

Genesis 22:17 That in blessing I will bless you, and in multiplying I will multiply your seed as the stars of the heaven...

Genesis 26:4 And I will make your seed to multiply as the stars of heaven, and will give to your seed all these countries...

Genesis 28:3,4,14 And God Almighty bless you, and make you fruitful, and multiply you, that you may be a multitude of people...

Genesis 35:11 And God said to him, I am God Almighty: be fruitful and multiply; a nation and a company of nations shall be of you...

Genesis 46:3 And he said, I am God, the God of your father: fear not to go down into Egypt; for I will there make of you a great nation:

Genesis 47:27 And Israel dwelled in the land of Egypt, in the country of Goshen; and they had possessions therein, and grew...

Genesis 48:4,16 And said to me, Behold, I will make you fruitful, and multiply you, and I will make of you a multitude of people...

Deuteronomy 10:22 Your fathers went down into Egypt with three score and ten persons...

Deuteronomy 26:5 And you shall speak and say before the LORD your God, A Syrian ready to perish was my father, and he went down into Egypt...

Nehemiah 9:23 Their children also multiplied you as the stars of heaven, and brought them into the land...

Psalm 105:24 And he increased his people greatly; and made them stronger than their enemies.

Acts 7:17,18 But when the time of the promise drew near, which God had sworn to Abraham, the people grew and multiplied in Egypt...

Library
Four Shaping Centuries
'Now these are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt: every man and his household came with Jacob. 2. Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, 3. Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin, 4. Dan and Naphtali, Gad and Asher. 5. And all the souls that came out of the loins of Jacob were seventy souls: for Joseph was in Egypt already. 6. And Joseph died, and all his brethren, and all that generation. 7, And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

But, as for that which is Written, that God did Good to the Hebrew...
32. But, as for that which is written, that God did good to the Hebrew midwives, and to Rahab the harlot of Jericho, [2444] this was not because they lied, but because they were merciful to God's people. That therefore which was rewarded in them was, not their deceit, but their benevolence; benignity of mind, not iniquity of lying. [2445] For, as it would not be marvellous and absurd if God on account of good works after done by them should be willing to forgive some evil works at another time before
St. Augustine—Against Lying

Cross References
Acts 7:17
"As the time drew near for God to fulfill his promise to Abraham, the number of our people in Egypt had greatly increased.

Acts 13:17
The God of the people of Israel chose our ancestors; he made the people prosper during their stay in Egypt; with mighty power he led them out of that country;

Genesis 12:2
"I will make you into a great nation, and I will bless you; I will make your name great, and you will be a blessing.

Genesis 26:22
He moved on from there and dug another well, and no one quarreled over it. He named it Rehoboth, saying, "Now the LORD has given us room and we will flourish in the land."

Genesis 28:3
May God Almighty bless you and make you fruitful and increase your numbers until you become a community of peoples.

Genesis 35:11
And God said to him, "I am God Almighty; be fruitful and increase in number. A nation and a community of nations will come from you, and kings will be among your descendants.

Genesis 46:3
"I am God, the God of your father," he said. "Do not be afraid to go down to Egypt, for I will make you into a great nation there.

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