Exodus 1:8
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
Now a new king arose over Egypt, who did not know Joseph.

King James Bible
Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, which knew not Joseph.

Darby Bible Translation
And there arose a new king over Egypt, who did not know Joseph.

World English Bible
Now there arose a new king over Egypt, who didn't know Joseph.

Young's Literal Translation
And there riseth a new king over Egypt, who hath not known Joseph,

Exodus 1:8 Parallel
Commentary
Barnes' Notes on the Bible

The expressions in this verse are special and emphatic. "A new king" is a phrase not found elsewhere. It is understood by most commentators to imply that he did not succeed his predecessor in the natural order of descent and inheritance. He "arose up over Egypt," occupying the land, as it would seem, on different terms from the king whose place he took, either by usurpation or conquest. The fact that he knew not Joseph implies a complete separation from the traditions of Lower Egypt. At present the generality of Egyptian scholars identify this Pharaoh with Rameses II, but all the conditions of the narrative are fulfilled in the person of Amosis I((or, Aahmes), the head of the 18th Dynasty. He was the descendant of the old Theban sovereigns, but his family was tributary to the Dynasty of the Shepherds, the Hyksos of Manetho, then ruling in the North of Egypt. Amosis married an Ethiopian princess, and in the third year of his reign captured Avaris, or Zoan, the capital of the Hyksos, and completed the expulsion of that race.

Exodus 1:8 Parallel Commentaries

Library
Prosperity under Persecution
Of this general principle we shall now proceed to consider three special illustrations. First, the circumstances of the children of Israel; secondly, the history of the church of Christ; thirdly, the experience of individual Christians. I. IN THE CASE OF ISRAEL, it did seem to be a deep-laid plot, very politic and crafty indeed, that as the kings of Egypt, themselves of an alien race, had subdued the Egyptians, they should prevent the other alien race, the Israelites, from conquering them. Instead
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 17: 1871

The Secret of Its Greatness
[Illustration: (drop cap G) The Great Pyramid] God always chooses the right kind of people to do His work. Not only so, He always gives to those whom He chooses just the sort of life which will best prepare them for the work He will one day call them to do. That is why God put it into the heart of Pharaoh's daughter to bring up Moses as her own son in the Egyptian palace. The most important part of Moses' training was that his heart should be right with God, and therefore he was allowed to remain
Mildred Duff—The Bible in its Making

Cross References
Acts 7:18
until THERE AROSE ANOTHER KING OVER EGYPT WHO KNEW NOTHING ABOUT JOSEPH.

Acts 7:19
"It was he who took shrewd advantage of our race and mistreated our fathers so that they would expose their infants and they would not survive.

Deuteronomy 26:6
'And the Egyptians treated us harshly and afflicted us, and imposed hard labor on us.

Psalm 105:25
He turned their heart to hate His people, To deal craftily with His servants.

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