Psalm 22:16
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For dogs encompass me; a company of evildoers encircles me; they have pierced my hands and feet—

King James Bible
For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet.

American Standard Version
For dogs have compassed me: A company of evil-doers have inclosed me; They pierced my hands and my feet.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For many dogs have encompassed me: the council of the malignant hath besieged me. They have dug my hands and feet.

English Revised Version
For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of evil-doers have enclosed me; they pierced my hands and my feet.

Webster's Bible Translation
For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet.

Psalm 22:16 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 22:10-12)The sufferer pleads that God should respond to his trust in Him, on the ground that this trust is made an object of mockery. With כּי he establishes the reality of the loving relationship in which he stands to God, at which his foes mock. The intermediate thought, which is not expressed, "and so it really is," is confirmed; and thus כי comes to have an affirmative signification. The verb גּוּח (גּיח) signifies both intransitive: to break forth (from the womb), Job 38:8, and transitive: to push forward (cf. Arab. jchcha), more especially, the fruit of the womb, Micah 4:10. It might be taken here in the first signification: my breaking forth, equivalent to "the cause of my breaking forth" (Hengstenberg, Baur, and others); but there is no need for this metonymy. גּחי is either part. equivalent to גּחי, my pusher forth, i.e., he who causes me to break forth, or, - since גוח in a causative signification cannot be supported, and participles like בּוס stamping and לוט veiling (Ges. 72, rem. 1) are nowhere found with a suffix, - participle of a verb גּחהּ, to draw forth (Hitz.), which perhaps only takes the place, per metaplasmum, of the Pil. גּחח with the uneuphonic מגחחי (Ewald S. 859, Addenda). Psalm 71 has גוזי (Psalm 71:6) instead of גּחי, just as it has מבטחי (Psalm 71:5) instead of מבטיחי. The Hiph. הבטיח does not merely mean to make secure (Hupf.), but to cause to trust. According to biblical conception, there is even in the new-born child, yea in the child yet unborn and only living in the womb, a glimmering consciousness springing up out of the remotest depths of unconsciousness (Psychol. S. 215; transl. p. 254). Therefore, when the praying one says, that from the womb he has been cast

(Note: The Hoph. has o, not u, perhaps in a more neuter sense, more closely approximating the reflexive (cf. Ezekiel 32:19 with Ezekiel 32:32), rather than a purely passive. Such is apparently the feeling of the language, vid., B. Megilla 13a (and also the explanation in Tosefoth).)

upon Jahve, i.e., directed to go to Him, and to Him alone, with all his wants and care (Psalm 55:23, cf. Psalm 71:6), that from the womb onwards Jahve was his God, there is also more in it than the purely objective idea, that he grew up into such a relationship to God. Twice he mentions his mother. Throughout the Old Testament there is never any mention made of a human father, or begetter, to the Messiah, but always only of His mother, or her who bare Him. And the words of the praying one here also imply that the beginning of his life, as regards its outward circumstances, was amidst poverty, which likewise accords with the picture of Christ as drawn both in the Old and New Testaments. On the ground of his fellowship with God, which extends so far back, goes forth the cry for help (Psalm 22:12), which has been faintly heard through all the preceding verses, but now only comes to direct utterance for the first time. The two כּי are alike. That the necessity is near at hand, i.e., urgent, refers back antithetically to the prayer, that God would not remain afar off; no one doth, nor can help except He alone. Here the first section closes.

Psalm 22:16 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

dogs

Psalm 22:1,20 My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? why are you so far from helping me, and from the words of my roaring...

Psalm 59:6,14 They return at evening: they make a noise like a dog, and go round about the city...

Matthew 7:6 Give not that which is holy to the dogs, neither cast you your pearls before swine, lest they trample them under their feet...

Philippians 3:2 Beware of dogs, beware of evil workers, beware of the concision.

Revelation 22:15 For without are dogs, and sorcerers, and fornicators, and murderers, and idolaters, and whoever loves and makes a lie.

compassed

Luke 11:53,54 And as he said these things to them, the scribes and the Pharisees began to urge him vehemently...

assembly

Psalm 86:14 O God, the proud are risen against me, and the assemblies of violent men have sought after my soul; and have not set you before them.

Jeremiah 12:6 For even your brothers, and the house of your father, even they have dealt treacherously with you; yes...

Matthew 26:57 And they that had laid hold on Jesus led him away to Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the elders were assembled.

Mark 15:16-20 And the soldiers led him away into the hall, called Praetorium; and they call together the whole band...

Luke 22:63-71 And the men that held Jesus mocked him, and smote him...

Luke 23:4,5,10,11,23 Then said Pilate to the chief priests and to the people, I find no fault in this man...

they pierced The textual reading is kaari, `as a lion my hands and feet;' but several MSS read karoo, and others karoo in the margin, which affords the reading adopted by our translators. So the LXX [], so also the Vulgate, Syriac, Arabic, and Ethiopic; and as all the Evangelists so quote the passage, and apply it to the crucifixion of Christ, there seems little doubt that this is the genuine reading; especially when it is considered that the other contains no sense at all. The whole difference lies between wav and yood, which might be easily taken for one another.

Zechariah 12:10 And I will pour on the house of David, and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications...

Matthew 27:35 And they crucified him, and parted his garments, casting lots: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet...

Mark 15:24 And when they had crucified him, they parted his garments, casting lots on them, what every man should take.

Luke 23:33 And when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary, there they crucified him, and the malefactors, one on the right hand...

John 19:23,37 Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took his garments, and made four parts, to every soldier a part; and also his coat...

John 20:25,27 The other disciples therefore said to him, We have seen the LORD. But he said to them...

Cross References
Matthew 27:35
And when they had crucified him, they divided his garments among them by casting lots.

John 20:25
So the other disciples told him, "We have seen the Lord." But he said to them, "Unless I see in his hands the mark of the nails, and place my finger into the mark of the nails, and place my hand into his side, I will never believe."

Philippians 3:2
Look out for the dogs, look out for the evildoers, look out for those who mutilate the flesh.

Psalm 59:6
Each evening they come back, howling like dogs and prowling about the city.

Psalm 59:7
There they are, bellowing with their mouths with swords in their lips-- for "Who," they think, "will hear us?"

Psalm 88:17
They surround me like a flood all day long; they close in on me together.

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