Matthew 4:23
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And he went throughout all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom and healing every disease and every affliction among the people.

King James Bible
And Jesus went about all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing all manner of sickness and all manner of disease among the people.

American Standard Version
And Jesus went about in all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing all manner of disease and all manner of sickness among the people.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Jesus went about all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom: and healing all manner of sickness and every infirmity, among the people.

English Revised Version
And Jesus went about in all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing all manner of disease and all manner of sickness among the people.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Jesus went about all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing all manner of sickness, and all manner of disease among the people.

Weymouth New Testament
Then Jesus travelled through all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the Good News of the Kingdom, and curing every kind of disease and infirmity among the people.

Matthew 4:23 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Sickness, Disease, Torments, Taken, Lunatic

The description of the ailments to which our Lord's power was applied gains in vividness by study of the words in detail. In Matthew 4:23, the Rev. rightly transposes sickness and disease; for νόσος (A. V., sickness) carries the notion of something severe, dangerous, and even violent (compare the Latin noceo, to hurt, to which the root is akin). Homer always represents νόσος as the visitation of an angry deity. Hence used of the plague which Apollo sent upon the Greeks ("Iliad," 1:10). So Sophocles ("Antigone," 421) calls a whirlwind θείαν νόσον (a divine visitation). Disease is, therefore, the more correct rendering as expressing something stronger than sickness or debility. Sickness, however, suits the other word, μαλακίαν. The kindred adjective, μαλακος, means soft, as a couch or newly-ploughed furrow, and thus easily runs into our invidious moral sense of softness, namely, effeminacy or cowardice, and into the physical sense of weakness, sickness. Hence the word emphasizes the idea of debility rather than of violent suffering or danger.

In Matthew 4:24 we have, first, a general expression for ailments of all kinds: all that were sick (lit., all who had themselves in evil case; πάντας τοὺς κακῶς ἔχοντας). Then the idea of suffering is emphasized in the word taken (συνεχομένους), which means literally held-together or compressed; and so the Rev. holden is an improvement on taken, in which the A. V. has followed Wyc. and Tynd. The word is used of the multitude thronging Christ (Luke 8:45). Compare, also, "how am I straitened (Luke 12:50); and I am in a strait (Philippians 1:1-3). Then follow the specific forms of suffering, the list headed again by the inclusive word νόσοις, diseases, and the καὶ following having the force of and particularly. Note the word torments (βασάνοις). Βάσανος originally meant the "Lydian stone," or touchstone, on which pure gold, when rubbed, leaves a peculiar mark. Hence, naturally, a test; then a test or trial by torture. "Most words," says Professor Campbell ("On the Language of Sophocles") have been originally metaphors, and metaphors are continually falling into the rank of words," used by the writer as mere vehicles of expression without any sense of the picturesque or metaphorical element at their core. Thus the idea of a test gradually passes entirely out of Βάσανος leaving merely the idea of suffering or torture. This is peculiarly noticeable in the use of this word and its derivatives throughout the New Testament; for although suffering as a test is a familiar New Testament truth, these words invariably express simply torment or pain. Wycliffe renders, "They offered to him all men having evil, taken with divers sorrows and torments;" and Tyndale, "All sick people that were taken with divers diseases and gripings." Lunatic, or moon-struck, (σεληνιαζομένους), is rendered by Rev. epileptic, with reference to the real or supposed influence of the changes of the moon upon the victims of epilepsy.

Matthew 4:23 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Jesus.

Matthew 9:35 And Jesus went about all the cities and villages, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom...

Mark 6:6 And he marveled because of their unbelief. And he went round about the villages, teaching.

John 7:1 After these things Jesus walked in Galilee: for he would not walk in Jewry, because the Jews sought to kill him.

Acts 10:38 How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good...

teaching.

Matthew 12:9 And when he was departed there, he went into their synagogue:

Matthew 13:54 And when he was come into his own country, he taught them in their synagogue, so that they were astonished, and said...

Psalm 74:8 They said in their hearts, Let us destroy them together: they have burned up all the synagogues of God in the land.

Mark 1:21,39 And they went into Capernaum; and straightway on the sabbath day he entered into the synagogue, and taught...

Mark 6:2 And when the sabbath day was come, he began to teach in the synagogue: and many hearing him were astonished, saying...

Luke 4:15,16,44 And he taught in their synagogues, being glorified of all...

Luke 13:10 And he was teaching in one of the synagogues on the sabbath.

Acts 9:20,13,14 And straightway he preached Christ in the synagogues, that he is the Son of God...

*etc:

Acts 18:4 And he reasoned in the synagogue every sabbath, and persuaded the Jews and the Greeks.

the gospel.

Matthew 13:19 When any one hears the word of the kingdom, and understands it not, then comes the wicked one...

Matthew 24:14 And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness to all nations; and then shall the end come.

Mark 1:14 Now after that John was put in prison, Jesus came into Galilee, preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God,

Luke 4:17,18 And there was delivered to him the book of the prophet Esaias. And when he had opened the book...

Luke 8:1 And it came to pass afterward, that he went throughout every city and village...

Luke 20:1 And it came to pass, that on one of those days, as he taught the people in the temple, and preached the gospel...

Romans 10:15 And how shall they preach, except they be sent? as it is written, How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel of peace...

healing.

Matthew 8:16,17 When the even was come, they brought to him many that were possessed with devils: and he cast out the spirits with his word...

Matthew 10:7,8 And as you go, preach, saying, The kingdom of heaven is at hand...

Matthew 11:5 The blind receive their sight, and the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, and the deaf hear, the dead are raised up...

Matthew 15:30,31 And great multitudes came to him, having with them those that were lame, blind, dumb, maimed, and many others...

Psalm 103:3 Who forgives all your iniquities; who heals all your diseases;

Mark 1:32-34 And at even, when the sun did set, they brought to him all that were diseased, and them that were possessed with devils...

Mark 3:10 For he had healed many; so that they pressed on him for to touch him, as many as had plagues.

Luke 4:40,41 Now when the sun was setting, all they that had any sick with divers diseases brought them to him...

Luke 5:17 And it came to pass on a certain day, as he was teaching, that there were Pharisees and doctors of the law sitting by...

Luke 6:17 And he came down with them, and stood in the plain, and the company of his disciples...

Luke 7:22 Then Jesus answering said to them, Go your way, and tell John what things you have seen and heard; how that the blind see...

Luke 9:11 And the people, when they knew it, followed him: and he received them, and spoke to them of the kingdom of God...

Luke 10:9 And heal the sick that are therein, and say to them, The kingdom of God is come near to you.

Acts 5:15,16 So that they brought forth the sick into the streets, and laid them on beds and couches...

Cross References
Matthew 9:35
And Jesus went throughout all the cities and villages, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom and healing every disease and every affliction.

Mark 1:14
Now after John was arrested, Jesus came into Galilee, proclaiming the gospel of God,

Mark 1:21
And they went into Capernaum, and immediately on the Sabbath he entered the synagogue and was teaching.

Mark 1:39
And he went throughout all Galilee, preaching in their synagogues and casting out demons.

Luke 4:14
And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit to Galilee, and a report about him went out through all the surrounding country.

Luke 4:15
And he taught in their synagogues, being glorified by all.

Luke 4:40
Now when the sun was setting, all those who had any who were sick with various diseases brought them to him, and he laid his hands on every one of them and healed them.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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