John 1:14
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth.

King James Bible
And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.

American Standard Version
And the Word became flesh, and dwelt among us (and we beheld his glory, glory as of the only begotten from the Father), full of grace and truth.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we saw his glory, the glory as it were of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.

English Revised Version
And the Word became flesh, and dwelt among us (and we beheld his glory, glory as of the only begotten from the Father), full of grace and truth.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.

Weymouth New Testament
And the Word came in the flesh, and lived for a time in our midst, so that we saw His glory--the glory as of the Father's only Son, sent from His presence. He was full of grace and truth.

John 1:14 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

And the Word (καὶ)

The simple copula as before; not yea, or namely, or therefore, but passing to a new statement concerning the Word.

Was made flesh (σὰρξ ἐγένετο)

Rev., "became flesh." The same verb as in John 1:3. All things became through Him; He in turn became flesh. "He became that which first became through Him." In becoming, He did not cease to be the Eternal Word. His divine nature was not laid aside. In becoming flesh He did not part with the rational soul of man. Retaining all the essential properties of the Word, He entered into a new mode of being, not a new being.

The word σὰρξ, flesh, describes this new mode of being. It signifies human nature in and according to its corporal manifestation. Here, as opposed to the purely divine, and to the purely immaterial nature of the Word. He did not first become a personality on becoming flesh. The prologue throughout conceives Him as a personality from the very beginning - from eternal ages. The phrase became flesh, means more than that He assumed a human body. He assumed human nature entire, identifying Himself with the race of man, having a human body, a human soul, and a human spirit. See John 12:27; John 11:33; John 13:21; John 19:30. He did not assume, for a time merely, humanity as something foreign to Himself The incarnation was not a mere accident of His substantial being. "He became flesh, and did not clothe Himself in flesh." Compare, on the whole passage, 1 John 4:2; 2 John 1:7.

Dwelt (ἐσκήνωσεν)

Literally, tabernacled, fixed, or had His tabernacle: from σκηνή, a tent or tabernacle. The verb is used only by John: in the Gospel only here, and in Revelation 7:15; Revelation 12:12; Revelation 13:6; Revelation 21:3. It occurs in classical writings, as in Xenophon, ἐν τῷ πεδίῳ ἐσκήνου, he pitched his tent in the plain ("Anabasis," vii., 4, 11). So Plato, arguing against the proposition that the unjust die by the inherent destructive power of evil, says that "injustice which murders others keeps the murderer alive - aye, and unsleeping too; οὕτω πόῤῥω του ὡς ἔοικεν ἐσκήνωται τοῦ θανάσιμος εἶναι, i.e., literally, so far has her tent been spread from being a house of death" ("Republic," 610). The figure here is from the Old Testament (Leviticus 27:11; 2 Samuel 7:6; Psalm 78:67 sqq.; Ezekiel 37:27). The tabernacle was the dwelling-place of Jehovah; the meeting-place of God and Israel. So the Word came to men in the person of Jesus. As Jehovah adopted for His habitation a dwelling like that of the people in the wilderness, so the Word assumed a community of nature with mankind, an embodiment like that of humanity at large, and became flesh. "That which was from the beginning, we heard, we saw, we beheld, we handled. Our fellowship is with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ" (1 John 1:1-3. Compare Philippians 2:7, Philippians 2:8).

Some find in the word tabernacle, a temporary structure (see the contrast between σκῆνος, tabernacle, and οἰκοδομή, building, in 2 Corinthians 5:1), a suggestion of the transitoriness of our Lord's stay upon earth; which may well be, although the word does not necessarily imply this; for in Revelation 21:3, it is said of the heavenly Jerusalem "the tabernacle of God is with men, and He will set up His tabernacle (σκηνώσει) with them."

Dante alludes to the incarnation in the seventh canto of the "Paradiso:"

- "the human species down below

Lay sick for many centuries in great error,

Till to descend it pleased the Word of God

To where the nature, which from its own Maker

Estranged itself, He joined to Him in person

continued...

John 1:14 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the Word.

John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

Isaiah 7:14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.

Matthew 1:16,20-23 And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ...

Luke 1:31-35 And, behold, you shall conceive in your womb, and bring forth a son, and shall call his name JESUS...

Luke 2:7,11 And she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger...

Romans 1:3,4 Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh...

Romans 9:5 Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.

1 Corinthians 15:47 The first man is of the earth, earthy; the second man is the Lord from heaven.

Galatians 4:4 But when the fullness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,

Philippians 2:6-8 Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God...

1 Timothy 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels...

Hebrews 2:11,14-17 For both he that sanctifies and they who are sanctified are all of one: for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brothers...

Hebrews 10:5 Why when he comes into the world, he said, Sacrifice and offering you would not, but a body have you prepared me:

1 John 4:2,3 Hereby know you the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God...

2 John 1:7 For many deceivers are entered into the world, who confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh...

we.

John 2:11 This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana of Galilee, and manifested forth his glory; and his disciples believed on him.

John 11:40 Jesus said to her, Said I not to you, that, if you would believe, you should see the glory of God?

John 12:40,41 He has blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with their heart...

John 14:9 Jesus said to him, Have I been so long time with you, and yet have you not known me, Philip? he that has seen me has seen the Father...

Isaiah 40:5 And the glory of the LORD shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together: for the mouth of the LORD has spoken it.

Isaiah 53:2 For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he has no form nor comeliness...

Isaiah 60:1,2 Arise, shine; for your light is come, and the glory of the LORD is risen on you...

Matthew 17:1-5 And after six days Jesus takes Peter, James, and John his brother, and brings them up into an high mountain apart...

2 Corinthians 4:4-6 In whom the god of this world has blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ...

Hebrews 1:3 Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power...

1 Peter 2:4-7 To whom coming, as to a living stone, disallowed indeed of men, but chosen of God, and precious...

2 Peter 1:17 For he received from God the Father honor and glory, when there came such a voice to him from the excellent glory...

1 John 1:1,2 That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked on...

the only.

John 1:18 No man has seen God at any time, the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he has declared him.

John 3:16,18 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish...

Psalm 2:7 I will declare the decree: the LORD has said to me, You are my Son; this day have I begotten you.

Acts 13:33 God has fulfilled the same to us their children, in that he has raised up Jesus again; as it is also written in the second psalm...

Hebrews 1:5 For to which of the angels said he at any time, You are my Son, this day have I begotten you? And again, I will be to him a Father...

Hebrews 5:5 So also Christ glorified not himself to be made an high priest; but he that said to him, You are my Son, to day have I begotten you.

1 John 4:9 In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world...

full.

John 1:16,17 And of his fullness have all we received, and grace for grace...

Psalm 45:2 You are fairer than the children of men: grace is poured into your lips: therefore God has blessed you for ever.

2 Corinthians 12:9 And he said to me, My grace is sufficient for you: for my strength is made perfect in weakness...

Ephesians 3:8,18,19 To me, who am less than the least of all saints, is this grace given...

Colossians 1:19 For it pleased the Father that in him should all fullness dwell;

Colossians 2:3,9 In whom are hid all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge...

1 Timothy 1:14-16 And the grace of our Lord was exceeding abundant with faith and love which is in Christ Jesus...

Cross References
Psalm 85:9
Surely his salvation is near to those who fear him, that glory may dwell in our land.

Ezekiel 37:27
My dwelling place shall be with them, and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.

Luke 9:32
Now Peter and those who were with him were heavy with sleep, but when they became fully awake they saw his glory and the two men who stood with him.

John 1:1
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

John 1:17
For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.

John 2:11
This, the first of his signs, Jesus did at Cana in Galilee, and manifested his glory. And his disciples believed in him.

John 8:32
and you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free."

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