Isaiah 5:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem and men of Judah, judge between me and my vineyard.

King James Bible
And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem, and men of Judah, judge, I pray you, betwixt me and my vineyard.

American Standard Version
And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem and men of Judah, judge, I pray you, betwixt me and my vineyard.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And now, O ye inhabitants of Jerusalem, and ye men of Juda, judge between me and my vineyard.

English Revised Version
And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem and men of Judah, judge, I pray you, betwixt me and my vineyard.

Webster's Bible Translation
And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem, and men of Judah, judge, I pray you, betwixt me and my vineyard.

Isaiah 5:3 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"And it will come to pass, whoever is left in Zion and remains in Jerusalem, holy will he be called, all who are written down for life in Jerusalem." The leading emphasis of the whole v. rests upon kadosh (holy). Whereas formerly in Jerusalem persons had been distinguished according to their rank and condition, without any regard to their moral worth (Isaiah 3:1-3, Isaiah 3:10-11; cf., Isaiah 32:5); so the name kadosh (holy) would now be the one chief name of honour, and would be given to every individual, inasmuch as the national calling of Israel would now be realized in the persons of all (Exodus 19:6, etc.). Consequently the expression "he shall be called" is not exactly equivalent to "he shall be," but rather presupposes the latter, as in Isaiah 1:26; Isaiah 61:6; Isaiah 62:4. The term kadosh denotes that which is withdrawn from the world, or separated from it. The church of the saints or holy ones, which now inhabits Jerusalem, is what has been left from the smelting; and their holiness is the result of washing. הנוּתר is interchanged with נהנּשׁאר. The latter, as Papenheim has shown in his Hebrew synonyms, involves the idea of intention, viz., "that which has been left behind;" the former merely expresses the fact, viz., that which remains. The character of this "remnant of grace," and the number of members of which it would consist, are shown in the apposition contained in Isaiah 4:3. This apposition means something more than those who are entered as living in Jerusalem, i.e., the population of Jerusalem as entered in the city register (Hofmann); for the verb with Lamed does not mean merely to enter as a certain thing, but (like the same verb with the accusative in Jeremiah 22:30) to enter as intended for a certain purpose. The expression להיּים may either be taken as a noun, viz., "to life" (Daniel 12:2), or as an adjective, "to the living" (a meaning which is quite as tenable; cf., Psalm 69:29; 1 Samuel 25:29). In either case the notion of predestination is implied, and the assumption of the existence of a divine "book of life" (Exodus 32:32-33; Daniel 12:1; cf., Psalm 139:16); so that the idea is the same as that of Acts 13:48 : "As many as were ordained to eternal life." The reference here is to persons who were entered in the book of God, on account of the good kernel of faith within them, as those who should become partakers of the life in the new Jerusalem, and should therefore be spared in the midst of the judgment of sifting in accordance with this divine purpose of grace. For it was only through the judgment setting this kernel of faith at liberty, that such a holy community as is described in the protasis which comes afterwards, as in Psalm 63:6-7, could possibly arise.

Isaiah 5:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

judge

Psalm 50:4-6 He shall call to the heavens from above, and to the earth, that he may judge his people...

Psalm 51:4 Against you, you only, have I sinned, and done this evil in your sight: that you might be justified when you speak...

Jeremiah 2:4,5 Hear you the word of the LORD, O house of Jacob, and all the families of the house of Israel...

Micah 6:2,3 Hear you, O mountains, the LORD's controversy, and you strong foundations of the earth: for the LORD has a controversy with his people...

Matthew 21:40,41 When the lord therefore of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those farmers...

Mark 12:9-12 What shall therefore the lord of the vineyard do? he will come and destroy the farmers, and will give the vineyard to others...

Luke 20:15,16 So they cast him out of the vineyard, and killed him. What therefore shall the lord of the vineyard do to them...

Romans 2:5 But after your hardness and impenitent heart treasure up to yourself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation...

Romans 3:4 God forbid: yes, let God be true, but every man a liar; as it is written, That you might be justified in your sayings...

Cross References
Matthew 21:40
When therefore the owner of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those tenants?"

Isaiah 5:4
What more was there to do for my vineyard, that I have not done in it? When I looked for it to yield grapes, why did it yield wild grapes?

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ESV Text Edition 2011: The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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