Isaiah 38:13
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
I calmed myself until morning; like a lion he breaks all my bones; from day to night you bring me to an end.

King James Bible
I reckoned till morning, that, as a lion, so will he break all my bones: from day even to night wilt thou make an end of me.

American Standard Version
I quieted myself until morning; as a lion, so he breaketh all my bones: From day even to night wilt thou make an end of me.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I hoped till morning, as a lion so hath he broken all my bones: from morning even to night thou wilt make an end of me.

English Revised Version
I quieted myself until morning; as a lion, so he breaketh all my bones: from day even to night wilt thou make an end of me.

Webster's Bible Translation
I reckoned till morning, that, as a lion, so will he break all my bones: from day even to night wilt thou make an end of me.

Isaiah 38:13 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

On 2 Kings 20:9 - Even הלך is syntactically admissible in the sense of iveritne; see Genesis 21:7; Psalm 11:3; Job 12:9.

Isaiah 38:7The pledge desired. "(K. Then Isaiah said) and (K. om.) let this be the sign to thee on the part of Jehovah, that (אשׁר, K. כּי) Jehovah will perform this (K. the) word which He has spoken; Behold, I make the shadow retrace the steps, which it has gone down upon the sun-dial of Ahaz through the sun, ten steps backward. And the sun went back ten steps upon the dial, which it had gone down" (K. "Shall the shadow go forward [הלך, read הלך according to Job 40:2, or הילך] ten steps, or shall it go back ten steps? Then Yechizkiyahu said, It is easy for the shadow to go down ten steps; no, but the shadow shall go back ten steps. Then Isaiah the prophet cried to Jehovah, and turned back the shadow by the steps that it had gone down upon the sun-dial of Ahaz, ten steps backward"). "Steps of Ahaz" was the name given to a sun-dial erected by him. As ma‛ălâh may signify either one of a flight of steps or a degree (syn. madrigâh), we might suppose the reference to be to a dial-plate with a gnomon; but, in the first place, the expression points to an actual succession of steps, that is to say, to an obelisk upon a square or circular elevation ascended by steps, which threw the shadow of its highest point at noon upon the highest steps, and in the morning and evening upon the lowest either on the one side or the other, so that the obelisk itself served as a gnomon. It is in this sense that the Targum on 2 Kings 9:13 renders gerem hamma‛ălōth by derag shâ‛ayyâ', step (flight of steps) of the sun-dial; and the obelisk of Augustus, on the Field of Mars at Rome, was one of this kind, which served as a sun-dial. The going forward, going down, or declining of the shadow, and its going back, were regulated by the meridian line, and under certain circumstances the same might be said of a vertical dial, i.e., of a sun-dial with a vertical dial-plate; but it applies more strictly to a step-dial, i.e., to a sun-dial in which the degrees that measure definite periods of time are really gradus. The step-dial of Ahaz may have consisted of twenty steps or more, which measured the time of day by half-hours, or even quarters. If the sign was given an hour before sunset, the shadow, by going back ten steps of half-an-hour each, would return to the point at which it stood at twelve o'clock. But how was this effected? Certainly not by giving an opposite direction to the revolution of the earth upon its axis, which would have been followed by the most terrible convulsions over the entire globe; and in all probability not even by an apparently retrograde motion of the sun (in which case the miracle would be optical rather than cosmical); but as the intention was to give a sign that should serve as a pledge, and therefore had not need whatever to be supernatural, it may have been simply through a phenomenon of refraction, since all that was required was that the shadow which was down at the bottom in the afternoon should be carried upwards by a sudden and unexpected refraction. Hamma‛ălōth (the steps) in Isaiah 38:8 does not stand in a genitive relation to tsēl (the shadow), as the accents would make it appear, but is an accusative of measure, equivalent to בּמּעלות in the sum of the steps (2 Kings 20:11). To this accusative of measure there is appended the relative clause: quos (gradus) descendit (ירדה; צל being used as a feminine) in scala Ahasi per solem, i.e., through the onward motion of the sun. When it is stated that "the sun returned," this does not mean the sun in the heaven, but the sun upon the sun-dial, upon which the illuminated surface moved upwards as the shadow retreated; for when the shadow moved back, the sun moved back as well. The event is intended to be represented as a miracle; and a miracle it really was. The force of will proved itself to be a power superior to all natural law; the phenomenon followed upon the prophet's prayer as an extraordinary result of divine power, not effected through his astronomical learning, but simply through that faith which can move mountains, because it can set in motion the omnipotence of God.

Isaiah 38:13 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

as a lion

1 Kings 13:24-26 And when he was gone, a lion met him by the way, and slew him: and his carcass was cast in the way, and the donkey stood by it...

1 Kings 20:36 Then said he to him, Because you have not obeyed the voice of the LORD, behold, as soon as you are departed from me...

Job 10:16,17 For it increases. You hunt me as a fierce lion: and again you show yourself marvelous on me...

Job 16:12-14 I was at ease, but he has broken me asunder: he has also taken me by my neck, and shaken me to pieces, and set me up for his mark...

Psalm 39:10 Remove your stroke away from me: I am consumed by the blow of your hand.

Psalm 50:22 Now consider this, you that forget God, lest I tear you in pieces, and there be none to deliver.

Psalm 51:8 Make me to hear joy and gladness; that the bones which you have broken may rejoice.

Daniel 6:24 And the king commanded, and they brought those men which had accused Daniel, and they cast them into the den of lions, them...

Hosea 5:14 For I will be to Ephraim as a lion, and as a young lion to the house of Judah: I, even I, will tear and go away; I will take away...

1 Corinthians 11:30-32 For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep...

Cross References
Job 10:16
And were my head lifted up, you would hunt me like a lion and again work wonders against me.

Psalm 7:2
lest like a lion they tear my soul apart, rending it in pieces, with none to deliver.

Psalm 32:4
For day and night your hand was heavy upon me; my strength was dried up as by the heat of summer. Selah

Psalm 51:8
Let me hear joy and gladness; let the bones that you have broken rejoice.

Lamentations 3:4
He has made my flesh and my skin waste away; he has broken my bones;

Daniel 6:24
And the king commanded, and those men who had maliciously accused Daniel were brought and cast into the den of lions--they, their children, and their wives. And before they reached the bottom of the den, the lions overpowered them and broke all their bones in pieces.

Jump to Previous
Bones Break Breaketh Breaks Broke Composed Crushing Cry Crying Dawn End Help Kept Lion Morning Night Pain Patiently Quieted Reckoned Soul Waited Wilt
Jump to Next
Bones Break Breaketh Breaks Broke Composed Crushing Cry Crying Dawn End Help Kept Lion Morning Night Pain Patiently Quieted Reckoned Soul Waited Wilt
Links
Isaiah 38:13 NIV
Isaiah 38:13 NLT
Isaiah 38:13 ESV
Isaiah 38:13 NASB
Isaiah 38:13 KJV

Isaiah 38:13 Bible Apps
Isaiah 38:13 Biblia Paralela
Isaiah 38:13 Chinese Bible
Isaiah 38:13 French Bible
Isaiah 38:13 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Isaiah 38:12
Top of Page
Top of Page