Hebrews 12:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
looking to Jesus, the founder and perfecter of our faith, who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is seated at the right hand of the throne of God.

King James Bible
Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.

American Standard Version
looking unto Jesus the author and perfecter of our faith, who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising shame, and hath sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Looking on Jesus, the author and finisher of faith, who having joy set before him, endured the cross, despising the shame, and now sitteth on the right hand of the throne of God.

English Revised Version
looking unto Jesus the author and perfecter of our faith, who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising shame, and hath sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.

Webster's Bible Translation
Looking to Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.

Weymouth New Testament
simply fixing our gaze upon Jesus, our Prince Leader in the faith, who will also award us the prize. He, for the sake of the joy which lay before Him, patiently endured the cross, looking with contempt upon its shame, and afterwards seated Himself-- where He still sits--at the right hand of the throne of God.

Hebrews 12:2 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Looking (ἀφορῶντες)

Only here and Philippians 2:28. In lxx see 4 Macc. 17:10. Looking away from everything which may distract. Comp. Philippians 3:13, Philippians 3:14, and ἀπέβλεπεν he had respect, lit. looked away, Hebrews 11:26. Wetstein cites Arrian, Epictet. ii. 19, 29: εἰς τὸν Θεὸν ἀφορῶντες ἐν παντὶ μικρῷ καὶ μεγάλῳ looking away unto God in everything small and great.

Jesus

Having presented a long catalogue of witnesses under the old covenant, he now presents Jesus, the mediator of the new covenant, and the supreme witness. See Revelation 1:5; Revelation 3:14; 1 Timothy 6:13.

The author and finisher of our faith (τὸν τῆς πίστεως ἀρχηγὸν καὶ τελειωτὴν)

The A.V. is misleading, and narrows the scope of the passage. For author, rend. leader or captain, and see on Hebrews 2:10. For finisher, rend. perfecter. For our faith, rend. faith or the faith. Not our Christian faith, but faith absolutely, as exhibited in the whole range of believers from Abel to Christ. Christ cannot be called the author or originator of faith, since the faith here treated existed and worked before Christ. Christ is the leader or captain of faith, in that he is the perfecter of faith. In himself he furnished the perfect development, the supreme example of faith, and in virtue of this he is the leader of the whole believing host in all time. Notice the recurrence of the favorite idea of perfecting. Comp. Hebrews 2:10; Hebrews 5:9; Hebrews 6:1; Hebrews 7:11, Hebrews 7:19, Hebrews 7:28; Hebrews 9:9; Hebrews 10:1, Hebrews 10:14; Hebrews 11:40. Τελειωτής perfecter, N.T.o, olxx, oClass.

For the joy that was set before him (ἀντὶ τῆς προκειμένης αὐτῷ χαρᾶς)

Ἁντὶ in its usual sense, in exchange for. Προκειμένης lying before, present. The joy was the full, divine beatitude of his preincarnate life in the bosom of the Father; the glory which he had with God before the world was. In exchange for this he accepted the cross and the blame. The contrast is designed between the struggle which, for the present, is alone set before the readers (Hebrews 12:1), and the joy which was already present to Christ. The heroic character of his faith appears in his renouncing a joy already in possession in exchange for shame and death. The passage thus falls in with Philippians 2:6-8.

The cross (σταυρὸν)

Comp. Philippians 2:8. olxx. Originally an upright stake or pale. Σταυροῦν to drive down a stake; to crucify. Comp. the use of ξύλον wood or tree for the cross, Acts 5:30; Acts 10:39; 1 Peter 2:24. See on Luke 23:31.

The shame (αἰσχύνης)

Attendant upon a malefactor's death.

Is set down, etc.

See Hebrews 1:3, Hebrews 1:13; Hebrews 8:1; Hebrews 10:12. Notice the tenses: endured, aorist, completed: hath sat down, perfect, he remains seated and reigning.

Hebrews 12:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Looking.

Hebrews 12:3 For consider him that endured such contradiction of sinners against himself, lest you be wearied and faint in your minds.

Hebrews 9:28 So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many...

Isaiah 8:17 And I will wait on the LORD, that hides his face from the house of Jacob, and I will look for him.

Isaiah 31:1 Woe to them that go down to Egypt for help; and stay on horses, and trust in chariots, because they are many; and in horsemen...

Isaiah 45:22 Look to me, and be you saved, all the ends of the earth: for I am God, and there is none else.

Micah 7:7 Therefore I will look to the LORD; I will wait for the God of my salvation: my God will hear me.

Zechariah 12:10 And I will pour on the house of David, and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications...

John 1:29 The next day John sees Jesus coming to him, and said, Behold the Lamb of God, which takes away the sin of the world.

John 6:40 And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which sees the Son, and believes on him, may have everlasting life...

John 8:56 Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day: and he saw it, and was glad.

Philippians 3:20 For our conversation is in heaven; from where also we look for the Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ:

2 Timothy 4:8 From now on there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at that day...

Titus 2:13 Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Savior Jesus Christ;

1 John 1:1-3 That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked on...

Jude 1:21 Keep yourselves in the love of God, looking for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ to eternal life.

the author. or, the beginner.

Hebrews 2:10 For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons to glory...

Mark 9:24 And straightway the father of the child cried out, and said with tears, Lord, I believe; help you my unbelief.

Luke 17:5 And the apostles said to the Lord, Increase our faith.

Acts 5:31 Him has God exalted with his right hand to be a Prince and a Savior, for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins.

*Gr:

Revelation 1:8,11,17 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, said the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty...

Revelation 2:8 And to the angel of the church in Smyrna write; These things said the first and the last, which was dead, and is alive;

finisher.

Hebrews 7:19 For the law made nothing perfect, but the bringing in of a better hope did; by the which we draw near to God.

Hebrews 10:14 For by one offering he has perfected for ever them that are sanctified.

*Gr:

Psalm 138:8 The LORD will perfect that which concerns me: your mercy, O LORD, endures for ever: forsake not the works of your own hands.

1 Corinthians 1:7,8 So that you come behind in no gift; waiting for the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ...

Philippians 1:6 Being confident of this very thing, that he which has begun a good work in you will perform it until the day of Jesus Christ:

for.

Hebrews 2:7-9 You made him a little lower than the angels; you crowned him with glory and honor, and did set him over the works of your hands...

Hebrews 5:9 And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation to all them that obey him;

Psalm 16:9-11 Therefore my heart is glad, and my glory rejoices: my flesh also shall rest in hope...

Isaiah 49:6 And he said, It is a light thing that you should be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel...

Isaiah 53:10-12 Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he has put him to grief: when you shall make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed...

Luke 24:26 Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory?

John 12:24,32 Truly, truly, I say to you, Except a corn of wheat fall into the ground and die, it stays alone: but if it die...

John 13:3,31,32 Jesus knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands, and that he was come from God, and went to God...

John 17:1-4 These words spoke Jesus, and lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, Father, the hour is come; glorify your Son...

Acts 2:25,26,36 For David speaks concerning him, I foresaw the Lord always before my face, for he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved...

Philippians 2:8-11 And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient to death, even the death of the cross...

1 Peter 1:11 Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify...

endured.

Hebrews 10:5-12 Why when he comes into the world, he said, Sacrifice and offering you would not, but a body have you prepared me...

Matthew 16:21 From that time forth began Jesus to show to his disciples, how that he must go to Jerusalem...

Matthew 20:18,19,20,28 Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be betrayed to the chief priests and to the scribes...

Matthew 27:31-50 And after that they had mocked him, they took the robe off from him, and put his own raiment on him, and led him away to crucify him...

Mark 14:36 And he said, Abba, Father, all things are possible to you; take away this cup from me: nevertheless not what I will, but what you will.

John 12:27,28 Now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour: but for this cause came I to this hour...

Ephesians 2:16 And that he might reconcile both to God in one body by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby:

Ephesians 5:2 And walk in love, as Christ also has loved us...

Titus 2:14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify to himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.

1 Peter 2:24 Who his own self bore our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live to righteousness...

1 Peter 3:18 For Christ also has once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh...

despising.

Hebrews 10:33 Partly, whilst you were made a spectacle both by reproaches and afflictions; and partly...

Hebrews 11:36 And others had trial of cruel mockings and scourgings, yes, moreover of bonds and imprisonment:

Psalm 22:6-8 But I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people...

Psalm 69:19,20 You have known my reproach, and my shame, and my dishonor: my adversaries are all before you...

Isaiah 49:7 Thus said the LORD, the Redeemer of Israel, and his Holy One, to him whom man despises, to him whom the nation abhors...

Isaiah 50:6,7 I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting...

Isaiah 53:3 He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him...

Matthew 26:67 Then did they spit in his face, and buffeted him; and others smote him with the palms of their hands,

Matthew 26:68 Saying, Prophesy to us, you Christ, Who is he that smote you?

Matthew 27:27-31,38-44 Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the common hall, and gathered to him the whole band of soldiers...

Mark 9:12 And he answered and told them, Elias truly comes first, and restores all things; and how it is written of the Son of man...

Luke 23:11,35-39 And Herod with his men of war set him at nothing, and mocked him, and arrayed him in a gorgeous robe, and sent him again to Pilate...

Acts 5:41 And they departed from the presence of the council, rejoicing that they were counted worthy to suffer shame for his name.

1 Peter 2:23 Who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered, he threatened not; but committed himself to him that judges righteously:

1 Peter 4:14-16 If you be reproached for the name of Christ, happy are you; for the spirit of glory and of God rests on you...

and is. See on ch.

Hebrews 1:3,13 Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power...

Hebrews 8:1 Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such an high priest...

Psalm 110:1 The LORD said to my Lord, Sit you at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool.

1 Peter 3:22 Who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels and authorities and powers being made subject to him.

Cross References
Psalm 110:1
The LORD says to my Lord: "Sit at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool."

Mark 16:19
So then the Lord Jesus, after he had spoken to them, was taken up into heaven and sat down at the right hand of God.

Acts 3:15
and you killed the Author of life, whom God raised from the dead. To this we are witnesses.

1 Corinthians 1:18
For the word of the cross is folly to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God.

1 Corinthians 1:23
but we preach Christ crucified, a stumbling block to Jews and folly to Gentiles,

Philippians 2:8
And being found in human form, he humbled himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross.

Hebrews 1:3
He is the radiance of the glory of God and the exact imprint of his nature, and he upholds the universe by the word of his power. After making purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high,

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