Hebrews 12:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Therefore, since we are surrounded by so great a cloud of witnesses, let us also lay aside every weight, and sin which clings so closely, and let us run with endurance the race that is set before us,

King James Bible
Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset us, and let us run with patience the race that is set before us,

American Standard Version
Therefore let us also, seeing we are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset us, and let us run with patience the race that is set before us,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And therefore we also having so great a cloud of witnesses over our head, laying aside every weight and sin which surrounds us, let us run by patience to the fight proposed to us:

English Revised Version
Therefore let us also, seeing we are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset us, and let us run with patience the race that is set before us,

Webster's Bible Translation
Wherefore, seeing we also are encompassed with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset us, and let us run with patience the race that is set before us,

Weymouth New Testament
Therefore, surrounded as we are by such a vast cloud of witnesses, let us fling aside every encumbrance and the sin that so readily entangles our feet. And let us run with patient endurance the race that lies before us,

Hebrews 12:1 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Therefore (τοιγαροῦν)

An emphatic particle, strongly affirming the facts on which the following exhortation is based.

We also are compassed (καὶ ἡμεῖς)

According to this the sense would be, those described in ch. 11 were compassed with a cloud of witnesses, and we also are so compassed. Wrong. The we also should be construed with let us run. "Therefore let us also (as they did) run our appointed race with patience."

Seeing we are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses (τοσοῦτον ἔχοντες περικείμενον ἡμῖν νέφος μαρτύρων)

Lit. having so great a cloud of witnesses lying around us. Νέφος cloud, N.T.o , means a great mass of cloud covering the entire visible space of the heavens, and therefore without definite form, or a single large mass in which definite outlines are not emphasized or distinguished. It thus differs from νεφέλη, which is a detached and sharply outlined cloud. Νέφος is therefore more appropriate to the author's image, which is that of a vast encompassing and overhanging mass. The use of cloud for a mass of living beings is familiar in poetry. Thus Homer, a cloud of footmen (Il. xxiii. 138): of Trojans (Il. xvi. 66). Themistocles, addressing the Athenians, says of the host of Xerxes, "we have had the fortune to save both ourselves and Greece by repelling so great a cloud of men" (Hdt. viii. 109). Spenser, F. Q. i. 1, 23:

"A cloud of cumbrous gnattes doe him molest."

Milton, Par. L. i.:340:

"A pitchy cloud of locusts."

Witnesses (μαρτύρων) does not mean spectators, but those who have born witness to the truth, as those enumerated in ch. 11. Yet the idea of spectators is implied, and is really the principal idea. The writer's picture is that of an arena in which the Christians whom he addresses are contending in a race, while the vast host of the heroes of faith who, after having born witness to the truth, have entered into their heavenly rests watches the contest from the encircling tiers of the arena, compassing and overhanging it like a cloud, filled with lively interest and sympathy, and lending heavenly aid. How striking the contrast of this conception with that of Kaulbach's familiar "Battle of the Huns," in which the slain warriors are depicted rising from the field and renewing the fight in the upper air with aggravated fury.

Weight (ὄγκον)

N.T.o , olxx. Lit. bulk, mass. Often in Class. Sometimes metaphorically of a person, dignity, importance, pretension: of a writer's style, loftiness, majesty, impressiveness. Rend. "encumbrance," according to the figure of the racer who puts away everything which may hinder his running. So the readers are exhorted to lay aside every worldly hindrance or embarrassment to their Christian career.

And the sin which doth so easily beset (καὶ τὴν εὐπερίστατον ἁμαρτίαν)

Καὶ adds to the general encumbrance a specific encumbrance or hindrance. Ἑυπερίστατος N.T.o , olxx, oClass. From εὐ readily, deftly, cleverly, and περιΐ̀στασθαι to place itself round. Hence, of a sin which readily or easily encircles and entangles the Christian runner, like a long, loose robe clinging to his limbs. Beset is a good rendering, meaning to surround. In earlier English especially of surrounding crowns, etc., with jewels. So Gower, Conf. Am. i. 127.

continued...

Hebrews 12:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

seeing.

Hebrews 11:2-38 For by it the elders obtained a good report...

a cloud.

Isaiah 60:8 Who are these that fly as a cloud, and as the doves to their windows?

Ezekiel 38:9,16 You shall ascend and come like a storm, you shall be like a cloud to cover the land, you, and all your bands, and many people with you...

witnesses.

Luke 16:28 For I have five brothers; that he may testify to them, lest they also come into this place of torment.

John 3:32 And what he has seen and heard, that he testifies; and no man receives his testimony.

John 4:39,44 And many of the Samaritans of that city believed on him for the saying of the woman, which testified, He told me all that ever I did...

1 Peter 5:12 By Silvanus, a faithful brother to you, as I suppose, I have written briefly, exhorting...

Revelation 22:16 I Jesus have sent my angel to testify to you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David...

let us lay.

Matthew 10:37,38 He that loves father or mother more than me is not worthy of me: and he that loves son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me...

Luke 8:14 And that which fell among thorns are they, which, when they have heard, go forth...

Luke 9:59-62 And he said to another, Follow me. But he said, Lord, suffer me first to go and bury my father...

Luke 12:15 And he said to them, Take heed, and beware of covetousness...

Luke 14:26-33 If any man come to me, and hate not his father, and mother, and wife, and children, and brothers, and sisters...

Luke 18:22-25 Now when Jesus heard these things, he said to him, Yet lack you one thing: sell all that you have, and distribute to the poor...

Luke 21:34 And take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life...

Romans 13:11-14 And that, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep: for now is our salvation nearer than when we believed...

2 Corinthians 7:1 Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit...

Ephesians 4:22-24 That you put off concerning the former conversation the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts...

Colossians 3:5-8 Mortify therefore your members which are on the earth; fornication, uncleanness, inordinate affection, evil concupiscence...

1 Timothy 6:9,10 But they that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and into many foolish and hurtful lusts...

2 Timothy 2:4 No man that wars entangles himself with the affairs of this life; that he may please him who has chosen him to be a soldier.

1 Peter 2:1 Why laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, all evil speakings,

1 Peter 4:2 That he no longer should live the rest of his time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to the will of God.

1 John 2:15,16 Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world. If any man love the world, the love of the Father is not in him...

and the sin.

Hebrews 10:35-39 Cast not away therefore your confidence, which has great recompense of reward...

Psalm 18:23 I was also upright before him, and I kept myself from my iniquity.

and let us.

1 Corinthians 9:24-27 Know you not that they which run in a race run all, but one receives the prize? So run, that you may obtain...

Galatians 5:7 You did run well; who did hinder you that you should not obey the truth?

Philippians 2:16 Holding forth the word of life; that I may rejoice in the day of Christ, that I have not run in vain, neither labored in vain.

Philippians 3:10-14 That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable to his death...

2 Timothy 4:7 I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, I have kept the faith:

with patience.

Hebrews 6:15 And so, after he had patiently endured, he obtained the promise.

Hebrews 10:36 For you have need of patience, that, after you have done the will of God, you might receive the promise.

Matthew 10:22 And you shall be hated of all men for my name's sake: but he that endures to the end shall be saved.

Matthew 24:13 But he that shall endure to the end, the same shall be saved.

Luke 8:15 But that on the good ground are they, which in an honest and good heart, having heard the word, keep it...

Romans 2:7 To them who by patient continuance in well doing seek for glory and honor and immortality, eternal life:

Romans 5:3-5 And not only so, but we glory in tribulations also: knowing that tribulation works patience...

Romans 8:24,25 For we are saved by hope: but hope that is seen is not hope: for what a man sees, why does he yet hope for...

Romans 12:12 Rejoicing in hope; patient in tribulation; continuing instant in prayer;

James 1:3 Knowing this, that the trying of your faith works patience.

James 5:7-11 Be patient therefore, brothers, to the coming of the Lord. Behold, the farmer waits for the precious fruit of the earth...

2 Peter 1:6 And to knowledge temperance; and to temperance patience; and to patience godliness;

Revelation 1:9 I John, who also am your brother, and companion in tribulation, and in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ...

Revelation 3:10 Because you have kept the word of my patience, I also will keep you from the hour of temptation, which shall come on all the world...

Revelation 13:10 He that leads into captivity shall go into captivity: he that kills with the sword must be killed with the sword...

Cross References
Romans 13:12
The night is far gone; the day is at hand. So then let us cast off the works of darkness and put on the armor of light.

1 Corinthians 9:24
Do you not know that in a race all the runners run, but only one receives the prize? So run that you may obtain it.

1 Corinthians 9:26
So I do not run aimlessly; I do not box as one beating the air.

Galatians 2:2
I went up because of a revelation and set before them (though privately before those who seemed influential) the gospel that I proclaim among the Gentiles, in order to make sure I was not running or had not run in vain.

Ephesians 4:22
to put off your old self, which belongs to your former manner of life and is corrupt through deceitful desires,

Ephesians 4:25
Therefore, having put away falsehood, let each one of you speak the truth with his neighbor, for we are members one of another.

Philippians 1:30
engaged in the same conflict that you saw I had and now hear that I still have.

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