Hebrews 12:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
fixing our eyes on Jesus, the pioneer and perfecter of faith. For the joy set before him he endured the cross, scorning its shame, and sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.

King James Bible
Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.

Darby Bible Translation
looking stedfastly on Jesus the leader and completer of faith: who, in view of the joy lying before him, endured [the] cross, having despised [the] shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.

World English Bible
looking to Jesus, the author and perfecter of faith, who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising its shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.

Young's Literal Translation
looking to the author and perfecter of faith -- Jesus, who, over-against the joy set before him -- did endure a cross, shame having despised, on the right hand also of the throne of God did sit down;

Hebrews 12:2 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Looking unto Jesus - Αφορωντες· Looking off and on, or from and to; looking off or from the world and all secular concerns to Jesus and all the spiritual and heavenly things connected with him. This is still an allusion to the Grecian games: those who ran were to keep their eyes fixed on the mark of the prize; they must keep the goal in view. The exhortation implies,

1. That they should place all their hope and confidence in Christ, as their sole helper in this race of faith.

2. That they should consider him their leader in this contest and imitate his example.

The author and finisher of - faith - Αρχηγος, translated here author, signifies, in general, captain or leader, or the first inventor of a thing; see Hebrews 2:10. But the reference seems to be here to the βραβευς, or judge in the games, whose business it was to admit the contenders, and to give the prize to the conqueror. Jesus is here represented as this officer; every Christian is a contender in this race of life, and for eternal life. The heavenly course is begun under Jesus; and under him it is completed. He is the finisher, by awarding the prize to them that are faithful unto death. Thus he is the author or the judge under whom, and by whose permission and direction, according to the rules of the heavenly race, they are permitted to enter the lists, and commence the race, and he is the finisher, τελειωτης, the perfecter, by awarding and giving the prize which consummates the combatants at the end of the race.

Who, for the joy that was set before him - The joy of fulfilling the will of the Father, Psalm 40:6-8, etc., in tasting death for every man; and having endured the cross and despised the shame of this ignominious death, He is set down at the right hand of God, ever appearing in the presence of God for us, and continuing his exhibition of himself as our Sacrifice, and his intercession as our Mediator. See the notes on Hebrews 10:5, etc. There are different other explanations given of this clause, but I think that here offered is the most natural. It never can, in any sense, be said of Jesus that he endured the cross, etc., in the prospect of gaining an everlasting glory; when he had the fullness of that glory with the Father before the world began; John 17:5.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Looking.

Hebrews 12:3 For consider him that endured such contradiction of sinners against himself, lest you be wearied and faint in your minds.

Hebrews 9:28 So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many...

Isaiah 8:17 And I will wait on the LORD, that hides his face from the house of Jacob, and I will look for him.

Isaiah 31:1 Woe to them that go down to Egypt for help; and stay on horses, and trust in chariots, because they are many; and in horsemen...

Isaiah 45:22 Look to me, and be you saved, all the ends of the earth: for I am God, and there is none else.

Micah 7:7 Therefore I will look to the LORD; I will wait for the God of my salvation: my God will hear me.

Zechariah 12:10 And I will pour on the house of David, and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications...

John 1:29 The next day John sees Jesus coming to him, and said, Behold the Lamb of God, which takes away the sin of the world.

John 6:40 And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which sees the Son, and believes on him, may have everlasting life...

John 8:56 Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day: and he saw it, and was glad.

Philippians 3:20 For our conversation is in heaven; from where also we look for the Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ:

2 Timothy 4:8 From now on there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at that day...

Titus 2:13 Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Savior Jesus Christ;

1 John 1:1-3 That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked on...

Jude 1:21 Keep yourselves in the love of God, looking for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ to eternal life.

the author. or, the beginner.

Hebrews 2:10 For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons to glory...

Mark 9:24 And straightway the father of the child cried out, and said with tears, Lord, I believe; help you my unbelief.

Luke 17:5 And the apostles said to the Lord, Increase our faith.

Acts 5:31 Him has God exalted with his right hand to be a Prince and a Savior, for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins.

*Gr:

Revelation 1:8,11,17 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, said the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty...

Revelation 2:8 And to the angel of the church in Smyrna write; These things said the first and the last, which was dead, and is alive;

finisher.

Hebrews 7:19 For the law made nothing perfect, but the bringing in of a better hope did; by the which we draw near to God.

Hebrews 10:14 For by one offering he has perfected for ever them that are sanctified.

*Gr:

Psalm 138:8 The LORD will perfect that which concerns me: your mercy, O LORD, endures for ever: forsake not the works of your own hands.

1 Corinthians 1:7,8 So that you come behind in no gift; waiting for the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ...

Philippians 1:6 Being confident of this very thing, that he which has begun a good work in you will perform it until the day of Jesus Christ:

for.

Hebrews 2:7-9 You made him a little lower than the angels; you crowned him with glory and honor, and did set him over the works of your hands...

Hebrews 5:9 And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation to all them that obey him;

Psalm 16:9-11 Therefore my heart is glad, and my glory rejoices: my flesh also shall rest in hope...

Isaiah 49:6 And he said, It is a light thing that you should be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel...

Isaiah 53:10-12 Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he has put him to grief: when you shall make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed...

Luke 24:26 Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory?

John 12:24,32 Truly, truly, I say to you, Except a corn of wheat fall into the ground and die, it stays alone: but if it die...

John 13:3,31,32 Jesus knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands, and that he was come from God, and went to God...

John 17:1-4 These words spoke Jesus, and lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, Father, the hour is come; glorify your Son...

Acts 2:25,26,36 For David speaks concerning him, I foresaw the Lord always before my face, for he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved...

Philippians 2:8-11 And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient to death, even the death of the cross...

1 Peter 1:11 Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify...

endured.

Hebrews 10:5-12 Why when he comes into the world, he said, Sacrifice and offering you would not, but a body have you prepared me...

Matthew 16:21 From that time forth began Jesus to show to his disciples, how that he must go to Jerusalem...

Matthew 20:18,19,20,28 Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be betrayed to the chief priests and to the scribes...

Matthew 27:31-50 And after that they had mocked him, they took the robe off from him, and put his own raiment on him, and led him away to crucify him...

Mark 14:36 And he said, Abba, Father, all things are possible to you; take away this cup from me: nevertheless not what I will, but what you will.

John 12:27,28 Now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour: but for this cause came I to this hour...

Ephesians 2:16 And that he might reconcile both to God in one body by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby:

Ephesians 5:2 And walk in love, as Christ also has loved us...

Titus 2:14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify to himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.

1 Peter 2:24 Who his own self bore our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live to righteousness...

1 Peter 3:18 For Christ also has once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh...

despising.

Hebrews 10:33 Partly, whilst you were made a spectacle both by reproaches and afflictions; and partly...

Hebrews 11:36 And others had trial of cruel mockings and scourgings, yes, moreover of bonds and imprisonment:

Psalm 22:6-8 But I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people...

Psalm 69:19,20 You have known my reproach, and my shame, and my dishonor: my adversaries are all before you...

Isaiah 49:7 Thus said the LORD, the Redeemer of Israel, and his Holy One, to him whom man despises, to him whom the nation abhors...

Isaiah 50:6,7 I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting...

Isaiah 53:3 He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him...

Matthew 26:67 Then did they spit in his face, and buffeted him; and others smote him with the palms of their hands,

Matthew 26:68 Saying, Prophesy to us, you Christ, Who is he that smote you?

Matthew 27:27-31,38-44 Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the common hall, and gathered to him the whole band of soldiers...

Mark 9:12 And he answered and told them, Elias truly comes first, and restores all things; and how it is written of the Son of man...

Luke 23:11,35-39 And Herod with his men of war set him at nothing, and mocked him, and arrayed him in a gorgeous robe, and sent him again to Pilate...

Acts 5:41 And they departed from the presence of the council, rejoicing that they were counted worthy to suffer shame for his name.

1 Peter 2:23 Who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered, he threatened not; but committed himself to him that judges righteously:

1 Peter 4:14-16 If you be reproached for the name of Christ, happy are you; for the spirit of glory and of God rests on you...

and is. See on ch.

Hebrews 1:3,13 Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power...

Hebrews 8:1 Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such an high priest...

Psalm 110:1 The LORD said to my Lord, Sit you at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool.

1 Peter 3:22 Who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels and authorities and powers being made subject to him.

Library
Shaking of Heaven and Earth. December 22.
"Yet once more I shake not the earth only, but heaven" (Hebrews xii. 26- 29). This is one of the royal texts of Scripture. It declares one of those great laws of the kingdom of God which may fulfil itself once and again at many eras and by many methods; which fulfilled itself most gloriously in the first century after Christ; again in the fifth century; again at the time of the Crusades; and again at the great Reformation in the sixteenth century,--and is fulfilling itself again at this very day.
Charles Kingsley—Daily Thoughts,

March 26. "Jesus, the Author and Finisher of Our Faith" (Heb. xii. 2).
"Jesus, the author and finisher of our faith" (Heb. xii. 2). Add to your faith--do not add to yourself. This is where we make the mistake. We must not only enter by faith, but we must advance by faith each step of the way. At every new stage we shall find ourselves as incompetent and unequal for the pressure as before, and we must take the grace and the victory simply by faith. Is it courage? We shall find ourselves lacking in the needed courage; we must claim it by faith. Is it love? Our own love
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

The Voice of the Blood of Christ
Now, we have in our text "blood" mentioned--two-fold blood. We have the blood of murdered Abel, and the blood of murdered Jesus. We have also two things in the text:--a comparison between the blood of sprinkling, and the blood of Abel; and then a certain condition mentioned. Rather, if we read the whole verse in order to get its meaning, we find that the righteous are spoken of as coming to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than the blood of Abel; so that the condition which will
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 4: 1858

The Shameful Sufferer
"O love, thou fathomless abyss!" for this love of Christ is indeed measureless and fathomless. None of us can attain unto it. In speaking thereof we feel our own weakness, we cast ourselves upon the strength of the Spirit, but, even then, we feel that we can never attain unto the majesty of this subject. Before we can ever get a right idea of the love of Jesus, we must understand his previous glory in its height of majesty, and his incarnation upon the earth in all its depths of shame. Now, who can
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 5: 1859

Cross References
Psalm 110:1
Of David. A psalm. The LORD says to my lord: "Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet."

Mark 16:19
After the Lord Jesus had spoken to them, he was taken up into heaven and he sat at the right hand of God.

Acts 3:15
You killed the author of life, but God raised him from the dead. We are witnesses of this.

1 Corinthians 1:18
For the message of the cross is foolishness to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God.

1 Corinthians 1:23
but we preach Christ crucified: a stumbling block to Jews and foolishness to Gentiles,

Philippians 2:8
And being found in appearance as a man, he humbled himself by becoming obedient to death-- even death on a cross!

Hebrews 1:3
The Son is the radiance of God's glory and the exact representation of his being, sustaining all things by his powerful word. After he had provided purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty in heaven.

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