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International Standard Bible EncyclopediaLICE
lis (kinnim (Exodus 8:17, 18 Psalm 105:31), kinnim (Exodus 8:16), kinnam (Exodus 8:17, 18); Septuagint skniphes (Exodus 8:16, 18), ton sknipha, once in Exodus 8:18; sknipes (Psalm 105:31); Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) scniphes; according to Liddell and Scott, under the word sknips, Slav. sknipa equals culex): The references, both in Exodus and in Psalms, are all to the plague of "lice." the Revised Version margin suggests "fleas" or "sandflies." The Septuagint rendering would favor "sandflies" or "mosquitoes," between which two insects the Old Testament writers would hardly be expected to discriminate. Mosquitoes belong to the order of Diptera, family Culicidae; the sandfly (Plebotomus papataci) to the family of Simuliidae of the same order. The sandflies are much smaller than mosquitoes, and are nearly noiseless, but give a sharp sting which may leave an unpleasant irritation. They are abundant in the Levant. In Southern Europe they cause the "three-day fever" or "papataci." As stated under GNAT (which see), there is little ground other than the authority of the Septuagint for deciding between "lice," "fleas," "sand-flies," or "mosquitoes" as translations of kinnim. See also under GNAT the note on ken, the Revised Version margin "gnat" (Isaiah 51:6).
Strong's Hebrew3654. ken -- gnat, gnats, a gnat swarm
... Word Origin of uncertain derivation Definition gnat, gnats, a gnat swarm NASB Word
Usage gnats (6), manner (1). lice, manner. ... 13:14)) -- lice, X manner. ...
/hebrew/3654.htm - 6k
The Plagues of Egypt
Here, it May be Said, My Book Ends Just Where it Ought to Begin. . ...
Description of the Symbol of the Hands among the Manichæans.
Separating the Precious from the Vile
The Rod that Troubled Egypt.
On Psalm Lxxvii. Or Lxxviii.
Great Miracles Wrought by Magic Arts.
Concerning the Ten Plagues which came Upon the Egyptians.
Smith's Bible DictionaryLice
(Heb. cinnam, cinnim). this word occurs in the Authorized Version only in (Exodus 8:16-18) and in (Psalms 105:31) both of which passages have reference to the third great plague of Egypt. The Hebrew word has given occasion to whole pages of discussion. Some commentators, and indeed modern writers generally, suppose that gnats are the animals intended by the original word; while, on the other hand, the Jewish rabbis, Josephus and others, are in favor of the translation of the Authorized Version. Upon the whole it appears that there is not sufficient authority for departing from this translation. Late travellers (e.g. Sir Samuel Baker) describe the visitation of vermin in very similar terms: --"It is as though the very dust were turned into lice." The lice which he describes are a sort of tick, not larger than a grain of sand, which when filled with blood expand to the size of a hazel nut. --Canon Cook.
ATS Bible DictionaryLice
The third plague of Egypt, Exodus 8:16; Psalm 105:31; peculiarly offensive to the priests, who were obliged to shave and wash their entire body every third day, lest they should carry any vermin into the temples. According to many interpreters, lest they were the small stinging gnats which abound in Egypt.
Easton's Bible Dictionary(Hebrews kinnim), the creatures employed in the third plague sent upon Egypt (Exodus 8:16-18). They were miraculously produced from the dust of the land. "The entomologists Kirby and Spence place these minute but disgusting insects in the very front rank of those which inflict injury upon man. A terrible list of examples they have collected of the ravages of this and closely allied parasitic pests." The plague of lice is referred to in Psalm 105:31.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary1. (n.) pl. of Louse.
ThesaurusLice (4 Occurrences)
... A terrible list of examples they have collected of the ravages of this and closely
allied parasitic pests." The plague of lice is referred to in Psalm 105:31. ...
/l/lice.htm - 10k
Gnat (1 Occurrence)
Plagues (28 Occurrences)
Flies (16 Occurrences)
Animals (224 Occurrences)
Animal (163 Occurrences)
Inchantments (1 Occurrence)
Insects (17 Occurrences)
Flea (2 Occurrences)
Enchantments (12 Occurrences)
Bible ConcordanceLice (4 Occurrences)
Exodus 8:16 Yahweh said to Moses, "Tell Aaron,'Stretch out your rod, and strike the dust of the earth, that it may become lice throughout all the land of Egypt.'"
Exodus 8:17 They did so; and Aaron stretched out his hand with his rod, and struck the dust of the earth, and there were lice on man, and on animal; all the dust of the earth became lice throughout all the land of Egypt.
Exodus 8:18 The magicians tried with their enchantments to bring forth lice, but they couldn't. There were lice on man, and on animal.
Psalms 105:31 He spoke, and swarms of flies came, and lice in all their borders.
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