Lice
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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
LICE

lis (kinnim (Exodus 8:17, 18 Psalm 105:31), kinnim (Exodus 8:16), kinnam (Exodus 8:17, 18); Septuagint skniphes (Exodus 8:16, 18), ton sknipha, once in Exodus 8:18; sknipes (Psalm 105:31); Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) scniphes; according to Liddell and Scott, under the word sknips, Slav. sknipa equals culex): The references, both in Exodus and in Psalms, are all to the plague of "lice." the Revised Version margin suggests "fleas" or "sandflies." The Septuagint rendering would favor "sandflies" or "mosquitoes," between which two insects the Old Testament writers would hardly be expected to discriminate. Mosquitoes belong to the order of Diptera, family Culicidae; the sandfly (Plebotomus papataci) to the family of Simuliidae of the same order. The sandflies are much smaller than mosquitoes, and are nearly noiseless, but give a sharp sting which may leave an unpleasant irritation. They are abundant in the Levant. In Southern Europe they cause the "three-day fever" or "papataci." As stated under GNAT (which see), there is little ground other than the authority of the Septuagint for deciding between "lice," "fleas," "sand-flies," or "mosquitoes" as translations of kinnim. See also under GNAT the note on ken, the Revised Version margin "gnat" (Isaiah 51:6).

Alfred Ely Day

Strong's Hebrew
3654. ken -- gnat, gnats, a gnat swarm
... Word Origin of uncertain derivation Definition gnat, gnats, a gnat swarm NASB Word
Usage gnats (6), manner (1). lice, manner. ... 13:14)) -- lice, X manner. ...
/hebrew/3654.htm - 6k
Library

The Plagues of Egypt
... But whether they"whether the frogs, for instance, were not produced by natural causes,
just as other frogs are; and the lice and the flies likewise; that I ...
/.../kingsley/the gospel of the pentateuch/sermon x the plagues of.htm

Here, it May be Said, My Book Ends Just Where it Ought to Begin. . ...
... into such stinking and suffocating underworlds of squalor, that poor people must
not be allowed to have hair, because in their case it must mean lice in the ...
/.../chesterton/whats wrong with the world/chapter 46 here it may.htm

Description of the Symbol of the Hands among the Manich├Žans.
... 63. What, again, of your not abstaining yourselves from the slaughter of lice, bugs,
and fleas? ... Perhaps you hold the lice cheap because they are small. ...
/.../chapter 17 name of the.htm

Full Redemption
... such stipulation." Pharaoh, therefore, again deals deceitfully, again refuses, again
grows angry, and waxes proud; and God smites the land with lice, with flies ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 6 1860/full redemption.htm

Separating the Precious from the Vile
... He sent all manner of flies and lice in all their borders, but throughout the
habitations of Israel not a fly was to be seen, neither were they molested by the ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 6 1860/separating the precious from the.htm

The Rod that Troubled Egypt.
... The dust of the land was changed to lice that covered man and beast, and this was
followed by swarms of flies that settled upon all the land except Goshen ...
/.../lathbury/childs story of the bible/chapter xi the rod that.htm

On Psalm Lxxvii. Or Lxxviii.
... Gehenna), no fire, nor any other of these words or things of terror; just as the
plagues of Egypt were not for the Hebrews,"those fine lice annoying with ...
/.../the extant works and fragments of hippolytus/on psalm lxxvii or lxxviii.htm

Great Miracles Wrought by Magic Arts.
... For the lice, by which third plague the proud people of Egypt were smitten, are
very short-lived little flies; yet there certainly the magicians failed, saying ...
/.../augustine/on the holy trinity/chapter 7 great miracles wrought by.htm

Psalm 105
... in chambers of their kings. ^31His word all sorts of flies and lice. in all their
borders brings. ^32He hail for rain, and flaming fire. into their land he sent ...
/.../christianbookshelf.org/anonymous/scottish psalter and paraphrases/psalm 105.htm

Concerning the Ten Plagues which came Upon the Egyptians.
... punished his falseness with another plague, added to the former; for there arose
out of the bodies of the Egyptians an innumerable quantity of lice, by which ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 14 concerning the ten.htm

Smith's Bible Dictionary
Lice

(Heb. cinnam, cinnim). this word occurs in the Authorized Version only in (Exodus 8:16-18) and in (Psalms 105:31) both of which passages have reference to the third great plague of Egypt. The Hebrew word has given occasion to whole pages of discussion. Some commentators, and indeed modern writers generally, suppose that gnats are the animals intended by the original word; while, on the other hand, the Jewish rabbis, Josephus and others, are in favor of the translation of the Authorized Version. Upon the whole it appears that there is not sufficient authority for departing from this translation. Late travellers (e.g. Sir Samuel Baker) describe the visitation of vermin in very similar terms: --"It is as though the very dust were turned into lice." The lice which he describes are a sort of tick, not larger than a grain of sand, which when filled with blood expand to the size of a hazel nut. --Canon Cook.

ATS Bible Dictionary
Lice

The third plague of Egypt, Exodus 8:16; Psalm 105:31; peculiarly offensive to the priests, who were obliged to shave and wash their entire body every third day, lest they should carry any vermin into the temples. According to many interpreters, lest they were the small stinging gnats which abound in Egypt.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
(Hebrews kinnim), the creatures employed in the third plague sent upon Egypt (Exodus 8:16-18). They were miraculously produced from the dust of the land. "The entomologists Kirby and Spence place these minute but disgusting insects in the very front rank of those which inflict injury upon man. A terrible list of examples they have collected of the ravages of this and closely allied parasitic pests." The plague of lice is referred to in Psalm 105:31.

Some have supposed that the word denotes not lice properly, but gnats. Others, with greater probability, take it to mean the "tick" which is much larger than lice.

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) pl. of Louse.

2. (n.) Plural of Louse.

Thesaurus
Lice (4 Occurrences)
... A terrible list of examples they have collected of the ravages of this and closely
allied parasitic pests." The plague of lice is referred to in Psalm 105:31. ...
/l/lice.htm - 10k

Gnat (1 Occurrence)
... It was founded on Leviticus 11:23. It is supposed that the "lice," Exodus 8:16
(marg. RV, "sand-flies"), were a species of gnat. Noah Webster's Dictionary. ...
/g/gnat.htm - 10k

Plagues (28 Occurrences)
... to touch" (Exodus 11:1; compare Joshua 24:10)): INTRODUCTION I. NATURAL PHENOMENA
1. Water Turned to Blood 2. The Plague of Frogs 3. The Plague of Lice 4. The ...
/p/plagues.htm - 44k

Flies (16 Occurrences)
... SAND FLIES. sand'-fliz (kinnim (Exodus 8:16 margin; Wis 19:10 margin)): English
Versions of the Bible "lice." See FLEA; GNAT; INSECTS; LICE. FLIES. fliz. ...
/f/flies.htm - 15k

Animals (224 Occurrences)
... Exodus 8:17 They did so; and Aaron stretched out his hand with his rod, and struck
the dust of the earth, and there were lice on man, and on animal; all the ...
/a/animals.htm - 37k

Animal (163 Occurrences)
... Exodus 8:17 They did so; and Aaron stretched out his hand with his rod, and struck
the dust of the earth, and there were lice on man, and on animal; all the ...
/a/animal.htm - 38k

Inchantments (1 Occurrence)
... Exodus 8:18 And the magicians did so with their inchantments to bring forth lice,
but they could not: so there were lice upon man and upon beast. (WBS). ...
/i/inchantments.htm - 6k

Insects (17 Occurrences)
... locust, bee, beetle, cankerworm, caterpillar, creeping thing, cricket, crimson,
flea, fly, gnat, grasshopper, honey, hornet, locust, louse, (lice), moth, palmer ...
/i/insects.htm - 14k

Flea (2 Occurrences)
... FLEA. fle (par`osh; compare Arabic barghut, "flea," and barghash, "mosquito" (1
Samuel 24:14; 1 Samuel 26:20); kinnim (Exodus 8:16), "lice," the Revised Version ...
/f/flea.htm - 10k

Enchantments (12 Occurrences)
... (WEB KJV ASV WBS). Exodus 8:18 The magicians tried with their enchantments to bring
forth lice, but they couldn't. There were lice on man, and on animal. ...
/e/enchantments.htm - 11k

Bible Concordance
Lice (4 Occurrences)

Exodus 8:16 Yahweh said to Moses, "Tell Aaron,'Stretch out your rod, and strike the dust of the earth, that it may become lice throughout all the land of Egypt.'"
(WEB KJV ASV WBS)

Exodus 8:17 They did so; and Aaron stretched out his hand with his rod, and struck the dust of the earth, and there were lice on man, and on animal; all the dust of the earth became lice throughout all the land of Egypt.
(WEB KJV ASV WBS)

Exodus 8:18 The magicians tried with their enchantments to bring forth lice, but they couldn't. There were lice on man, and on animal.
(WEB KJV ASV WBS)

Psalms 105:31 He spoke, and swarms of flies came, and lice in all their borders.
(WEB KJV ASV WBS YLT)

Subtopics

Lice

Lice: Plague of

Related Terms

Gnat (1 Occurrence)

Plagues (28 Occurrences)

Flies (16 Occurrences)

Animals (224 Occurrences)

Animal (163 Occurrences)

Inchantments (1 Occurrence)

Insects (17 Occurrences)

Flea (2 Occurrences)

Enchantments (12 Occurrences)

Magicians (16 Occurrences)

Sand (40 Occurrences)

Rod (138 Occurrences)

Smote (281 Occurrences)

Dust (182 Occurrences)

Couldn't (6 Occurrences)

Produce (140 Occurrences)

Throughout (291 Occurrences)

Stretched (234 Occurrences)

Struck (373 Occurrences)

Libyans (6 Occurrences)

Licence (3 Occurrences)

Tried (96 Occurrences)

Beast (243 Occurrences)

Aaron (343 Occurrences)

Vermin (1 Occurrence)

Plague (142 Occurrences)

Beetle (7 Occurrences)

Swarms (18 Occurrences)

Secret (341 Occurrences)

Swarm (26 Occurrences)

Egypt (596 Occurrences)

Stretch (73 Occurrences)

Smite (230 Occurrences)

Divers (36 Occurrences)

Coasts (58 Occurrences)

Sorts (65 Occurrences)

Strike (168 Occurrences)

Borders (104 Occurrences)

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