Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary
Ps 75:1-10. Al-taschith—(See on Ps 57:1, title). In impending danger, the Psalmist, anticipating relief in view of God's righteous government, takes courage and renders praise.
1. God's name or perfections are set forth by His wondrous works.
When I shall receive the congregation I will judge uprightly.
2, 3. These verses express the purpose of God to administer a just government, and in a time of anarchy that He sustains the nation. Some apply the words to the Psalmist.
receive the congregation—literally, "take a set time" (Ps 102:13; Ho 2:3), or an assembly at a set time—that is, for judging.
The earth and all the inhabitants thereof are dissolved: I bear up the pillars of it. Selah.
3. pillars of it—(1Sa 2:8).
I said unto the fools, Deal not foolishly: and to the wicked, Lift not up the horn:
4-8. Here the writer speaks in view of God's declaration, warning the wicked.
Lift … up the horn—to exalt power, here, of the wicked himself—that is, to be arrogant or self-elated.
Lift not up your horn on high: speak not with a stiff neck.
5. speak … neck—insolently.
For promotion cometh neither from the east, nor from the west, nor from the south.
6. promotion—literally, "a lifting up." God is the only right judge of merit.
But God is the judge: he putteth down one, and setteth up another.
For in the hand of the LORD there is a cup, and the wine is red; it is full of mixture; and he poureth out of the same: but the dregs thereof, all the wicked of the earth shall wring them out, and drink them.
8. in the hand … a cup … red—God's wrath often thus represented (compare Isa 51:17; Jer 25:15).
but the dregs—literally, "surely the dregs, they shall drain it."
But I will declare for ever; I will sing praises to the God of Jacob.
9, 10. Contrasted is the lot of the pious who will praise God, and, acting under His direction, will destroy the power of the wicked, and exalt that of the righteous.
All the horns of the wicked also will I cut off; but the horns of the righteous shall be exalted.