1 Kings 11:42
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel forty years.

New Living Translation
Solomon ruled in Jerusalem over all Israel for forty years.

English Standard Version
And the time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years.

New American Standard Bible
Thus the time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years.

King James Bible
And the time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The length of Solomon's reign in Jerusalem over all Israel totaled 40 years.

International Standard Version
Solomon reigned over all of Israel from Jerusalem for a total of 40 years.

NET Bible
Solomon ruled over all Israel from Jerusalem for forty years.

New Heart English Bible
The time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The length of Solomon's reign in Jerusalem over all Israel was 40 years.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years.

New American Standard 1977
Thus the time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the days that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years.

King James 2000 Bible
And the time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years.

American King James Version
And the time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years.

American Standard Version
And the time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the days that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel, were forty years.

Darby Bible Translation
And the time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years.

English Revised Version
And the time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years.

World English Bible
The time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years.

Young's Literal Translation
And the days that Solomon hath reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel are forty years,
Study Bible
The Death of Solomon
41Now the rest of the acts of Solomon and whatever he did, and his wisdom, are they not written in the book of the acts of Solomon? 42Thus the time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years. 43And Solomon slept with his fathers and was buried in the city of his father David, and his son Rehoboam reigned in his place.…
Cross References
2 Chronicles 9:30
Solomon reigned forty years in Jerusalem over all Israel.

1 Kings 11:43
And Solomon slept with his fathers and was buried in the city of his father David, and his son Rehoboam reigned in his place.
Treasury of Scripture

And the time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years.

time [heb] days.
forty years Josephus says fourscore years; which is sufficiently absurd. Calmet supposes him to have been

1 Kings 2:11 And the days that David reigned over Israel were forty years: seven …

(42) Forty years.--The reign of Solomon was thus of the same length as that of his father. (See 1Kings 2:11.) The coincidence is curious; but the accurate historical character of the whole narrative forbids the idea that the numbers given are merely round numbers, signifying long duration. Josephus gives eighty years--either by error in his Hebrew text, or perhaps by confusing together the duration of the two reigns.

NOTE.--The insertion in the LXX. version, found in the Vatican MS. after 1Kings 12:24, runs as follows :--

"And there was a man of Mount Ephraim, a servant of Solomon, and his name was Jeroboam; and his mother's name was Sarira, a woman who was a harlot. And Solomon made him taskmaster [literally, "master of the staff," or "scourge"] over the burdens [forced labours] of the house of Joseph; and he built for Solomon Sarira, which is in Mount Ephraim; and he had three hundred chariots. He it was who built the citadel [the "Millo"], by the labours of the house of Ephraim, and completed the fortification of the city of David. And he was exalting himself to seek the kingdom. And Solomon sought to put him to death; so he feared, and stole away to Sousakim [Shishak], king of Egypt, and was with him till the death of Solomon. And Jeroboam heard in Egypt that Solomon was dead, and he spake in the ears of Sousakim, king of Egypt, saying, Send me away, and I will go back to my own land. And Sousakim said to him, Ask of me a request, and I will give it thee. And he gave to Jeroboam Ano, the elder sister of his own wife Thekemina [Tahpenes] to be his wife. She was great among the daughters of the king, and bare to Jeroboam Abias [Abijah] his son. And Jeroboam said to Sousakim, Send me really away, and I will go back. And Jeroboam went forth from Egypt, and came to the land of Sarira, in Mount Ephraim, and there gathered together to him the whole strength of Ephraim. And Jeroboam built there a fortress."

Then follows, with variations of detail, the story of the sickness of Abijah, the visit of Jeroboam's wife to Ahijah, and the message of judgment; corresponding to 1Kings 14:1-18. The narrative then continues thus:--

" And Jeroboam went his way to Shechem, in Mount Ephraim, and gathered together there the tribes of Israel; and Rehoboam, the son of Solomon, went up there. And the word of the Lord came to Shemaiah, the Enlamite, saying. Take to thyself a new garment, which has never been in water, and tear it in ten pieces; and thou shalt give them to Jeroboam, and shalt say to him, Take thee ten pieces, to clothe thyself therewith. And Jeroboam took them; and Shemaiah said, These things saith the Lord, signifying the ten tribes of Israel."

The whole concludes with an account, given with some characteristic variations, of the remonstrance with Rehoboam, the rebellion, and the prohibition by Shemaiah of the intended attack of Rehoboam, corresponding to 1Kings 12:1-24.

This half-independent version of the history is interesting, but obviously far inferior in authority to the Hebrew text. The incidents fit less naturally into each other; the warning of Ahijah as to the destruction of the house of Jeroboam is obviously out of place; and by the ascription to Shemaiah of the prophecy of Jeroboam's royalty, the striking coincidence of the authorship of the two predictions of prosperity and disaster is lost. The record of Shishak's intercourse with Jeroboam is apparently imitated from the history of Hadad at the court of the earlier Pharaoh; and the circumstances of Jeroboam's assumption of royal pretensions are improbable. Josephus, moreover, ignores this version of the story altogether; nor is it found in any other version. Its origin is unknown, and its growth curious enough. But it does not seem to throw much fresh light on the history.

Verse 42. - And the time [Heb. days] that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years. [Josephus, here as elsewhere, doubles the figure, making his reign to have lasted eighty years. It is somewhat remarkable, but affords no just ground for suspicion, that each of the first three kings of Israel should have reigned just forty years. "Such numerical coincidences occur in exact history. Saosduchinus, Chiniladanus, and Nabopolassar, three consecutive kings of Babylon, reigned each twenty-one years" (Rawlinson).] And the time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem, over all Israel, was forty years. The same says Eupolemus (z), an Heathen writer, who makes him to live but fifty two years; which is the common tradition of the Jews, who suppose he was but twelve years of age when he began to reign; which is to be confuted from the age of his son Rehoboam, see 1 Kings 14:21. Josephus (a), on the other hand, makes him to live to too great an age, who says that he reigned eighty years, and lived to ninety four.

(z) Apud Euseb. Praepar. Evangel. l. 9. c. 34. (a) Antiqu. l. 8. c. 7. sect. 8. 11:41-43 Solomon's reign was as long as his father's, but his life was not so. Sin shortened his days. If the world, with all its advantages, could satisfy the soul, and afford real joy, Solomon would have found it so. But he was disappointed in all, and to warn us, has left this record of all earthly enjoyments, Vanity and vexation of spirit. The New Testament declares that one greater than Solomon is come to reign over us, and to possess the throne of his father David. May we not see something of Christ's excellency faintly represented to us in this figure?
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Alphabetical: all forty in Israel Jerusalem over reigned Solomon that the Thus time was years

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