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Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary

masculine of Tryphena

Smith's Bible Dictionary

A usurper of the Syrian throne. His proper name was Diodotus, and the surname Tryphon was given to him or adopted by him after his secession to power. He was a native of Cariana. 1 Macc. 11:39, 12:39-50, etc. "Tryphon, by treason and successive wars, gained supreme power, killed Antiochus and assumed the throne. "The coins bear his head as Antiochus and Trypho."

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

tri'-fon (Truphon): The surname of Diodotus, a usurper of the Syrian throne. He was a native of Apamea, and had been in the service of Alexander Balas. On the death of Balas (145 B.C.), Tryphon, taking advantage of the complaints of discontent among the troops of Demetrius II (Nicator), set up the younger son of Balas, Antiochus VI, as claimant to the throne against Demetrius (1 Maccabees 11:39). The Jews under Jonathan came to the assistance of Demetrius in his difficulties against his revolting subjects. But Demetrius, when confirmed on his throne, soon made it apparent that he did not intend to fulfill his promises to his Jewish allies (1 Maccabees 11:53). Consequently, Jonathan and Simon joined Tryphon and Antiochus VI, securing many advantages for their country (1 Maccabees 11:54;). Jonathan inflicted a severe defeat on the forces of Demetrius. The successes of the Jewish leaders awakened the jealousy and suspicion of Tryphon, who determined to thwart the further plans of Jonathan and to remove him as an obstacle in the way of his securing the crown for himself. By an act of shrewd treachery, Tryphon captured Jonathan at Ptolemais and butchered all his followers (1 Maccabees 12:48). Simon, brother of Jonathan, now undertook the conduct of affairs and thwarted Tryphon in his attempts upon Jerusalem, whereupon the latter murdered Jonathan at Bascama (1 Maccabees 13:1;) in 143 B.C. Tryphon next murdered the young Antiochus VI (1 Maccabees 13:31) and claimed the throne of Syria for himself (143 B.C.) (but see the chronology as given in Schurer, HJP, 4th edition, I, 172). Simon now went over to the side of Demetrius on condition that Judea should be free from tribute to Syria-a privilege that was rather in the power of Tryphon than of Demetrius to give, and so "in the 170th year (143 B.C.) was the yoke of the heathen taken away from Israel" (1 Maccabees 13:41). In 138 B.C. Demetrius was captured by Mithridates I (Arsaces), king of Parthia (1 Maccabees 14:2). His brother, Antiochus VII (Sidetes), continued the struggle against Tryphon, first with the aid of Simon, but later repudiating it. Tryphon was obliged to flee before Sidetes to Dor (1 Maccabees 15:11), where Antiochus refused the assistance of Simon (1 Maccabees 15:26). He next escaped to Ptolemais, then to Orthosia, and finally to his native Apamea, where he was driven to suicide (Josephus, Ant, XIII, vii, 2; Strabo, 668; Appian, Syriac, 68). (The best account is given in Schurer, 4th edition, I, 172;; compare also Speaker's Commentary in the place cited.)


S. Angus


Demetrius, Having Thus Obtained the Kingdom, Treated Jonathan with ...
... In the meantime, Tryphon, who had belonged to the party of Alexander, was appointed
[349] governor of Syria, to keep him in check by war. ...
/.../life and writings of sulpitius severus /chapter xxv demetrius having thus.htm

... text). Paris, 1904. Archambault, G., Austin, Dialogue avec Tryphon (with
Greek text and commentary), 2 vols. Paris, 1909. German: ...
// christian fathers/manuscripts.htm

The Author Distinguishes the Faith from the Errors of Pagans...
... Apology, II. 6; Dialogue with Tryphon, 61. Tempora answers to the Greek
aiones, rendered "worlds" in Hebrews 1:2. [1674] Sabellius ...
/.../ambrose/works and letters of st ambrose/chapter i the author distinguishes.htm

Epistle Catholic.
... Maurus, deacon. Alexander, deacon. Marcus, deacon. Comon, deacon. Tryphon, deacon.
Ammonius, deacon. Didymus, deacon. Ptollarion, deacon. Seras, deacon. ...
/.../ii epistle catholic.htm

Deposition of Arius.
... Alexander, Deacon. Marcus [407] , Deacon. Comon, Deacon. Tryphon [408] , Deacon.
Ammonius [409] , Deacon. Didymus, Deacon. Ptollarion [410] , Deacon. Seras, Deacon ...
/.../athanasius/select works and letters or athanasius/deposition of arius.htm

Documents Connected with the Council of Tyre.
... Theon Presbyter, Ammonas P., Heraclius P., Boccon P., Tryphon P., Peter P., Hierax
P., Sarapion P., Marcus P., Ptollarion P., Gaius P., Dioscorus P., Demetrius ...
/.../chapter vi documents connected with the.htm

Letters of the Council of Sardica to the Churches of Egypt and of ...
... Mus??us, Asterius, Paregorius, Plutarchus, Hymen??us, Athanasius, Lucius, Amantius,
Arius, Asclepius, Dionysius, Maximus, Tryphon, Alexander, Antigonus ...
/.../select works and letters or athanasius/chapter iii letters of the council.htm

The Book of Enoch
... the enemy. This is Jonathan, the son of Mattathias, [76] who, BC143, was
treacherously murdered by Tryphon in Gilead. In similiar ...
// book of enoch.htm

On the Words Incarnate, and Made Man.
... accession of Herod an Idumean. Compare Justin M. (Tryphon 52, 120); Eusebius
(Demonstr. Evang. VIII. 1). On modern interpretations ...
/.../cyril/lectures of s cyril of jerusalem/lecture xii on the words.htm

...TRYPHON. ... Consequently, Jonathan and Simon joined Tryphon and Antiochus VI, securing
many advantages for their country (1 Maccabees 11:54;). ...
/t/tryphon.htm - 9k

Demetrius (3 Occurrences)
... In the meantime, Tryphon, one of Balas' generals, set up the son of Alexander,
Antiochus, as a claimant to the throne, and secured the assistance of the ...
/d/demetrius.htm - 17k

... The shrewd diplomatist and skillful general, Tryphon, succeeded first in winning
over to his side the two leaders of the Jews, Jonathan and Simon, and then, by ...
/a/antiochus.htm - 17k

... Greek, being held by a Syrian garrison. See further under ASMONEANS;
LACEDAEMONIANS; TRYPHON. 4. Simon: Simon, surnamed Thassi ("the ...
/m/maccabaeus.htm - 17k

... Profiting however by the endless cabals of the Syrian court, he soon sided with
Tryphon, the new claimant, and with the aid of his brother Simon extended the ...
/a/asmoneans.htm - 27k

... Greek, being held by a Syrian garrison. See further under ASMONEANS;
LACEDAEMONIANS; TRYPHON. 4. Simon: Simon, surnamed Thassi ("the ...
/m/maccabees.htm - 52k

Simon (75 Occurrences)
... In the conflict between Tryphon and Demetrius II, Simon was appointed by Antiochus
VI "captain from the Ladder of Tyre unto the borders of Egypt" (1 Maccabees ...
/s/simon.htm - 91k

... or-tho-si'-a (Orthosias; the King James Version Orthosias): The city to which Tryphon
fled when he escaped from Dora, where he was besieged by Antiochus ...
/o/orthosia.htm - 6k

...Tryphon, who had formerly been on the side of Alexander, persuaded Imalcue to set
up the young Antiochus (Antiochus VI) against Demetrius, who had incurred the ...
/i/imalcue.htm - 6k

Tryphena (1 Occurrence)

/t/tryphena.htm - 6k

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