Ecclesiastes 4:8
Text Analysis
Strong'sHebrewEnglishMorphology
3426 [e]יֵ֣שׁ
yêš
There isAdv
259 [e]אֶחָד֩
’e-ḥāḏ
one [alone]Number-ms
369 [e]וְאֵ֨ין
wə-’ên
and [there is] noConj-w | Adv
8145 [e]שֵׁנִ֜י
šê-nî
secondNumber-oms
1571 [e]גַּ֣ם
gam
alsoConj
1121 [e]בֵּ֧ן
bên
sonN-ms
251 [e]וָאָ֣ח
wā-’āḥ
and brotherConj-w | N-ms
369 [e]אֵֽין־
’ên-
noAdv
  ל֗וֹ
lōw,
He hasPrep | 3ms
369 [e]וְאֵ֥ין
wə-’ên
and yet [there is] noConj-w | Adv
7093 [e]קֵץ֙
qêṣ
endN-ms
3605 [e]לְכָל־
lə-ḵāl
to allPrep-l | N-msc
5999 [e]עֲמָל֔וֹ
‘ă-mā-lōw,
his laborsN-msc | 3ms
1571 [e]גַּם־
gam-
alsoConj
  [עיניו]
[‘ê-nāw
-Noun - cdc :: third person masculine singular N-cdc | 3ms
 
ḵ]
 
5869 [e](עֵינ֖וֹ)
(‘ê-nōw
his eyeN-csc | 3ms
 
q)
 
3808 [e]לֹא־
lō-
norAdv-NegPrt
7646 [e]תִשְׂבַּ֣ע
ṯiś-ba‘
is satisfiedV-Qal-Imperf-3fs
6239 [e]עֹ֑שֶׁר
‘ō-šer;
with richesN-ms
4310 [e]וּלְמִ֣י ׀
ū-lə-mî
and [But he never asks] for whomConj-w, Prep-l | Interrog
589 [e]אֲנִ֣י
’ă-nî
IPro-1cs
6001 [e]עָמֵ֗ל
‘ā-mêl,
do toilN-ms
2637 [e]וּמְחַסֵּ֤ר
ū-mə-ḥas-sêr
and depriveConj-w | V-Piel-Prtcpl-ms
853 [e]אֶת־
’eṯ-
-DirObjM
5315 [e]נַפְשִׁי֙
nap̄-šî
myselfN-fsc | 1cs
2896 [e]מִטּוֹבָ֔ה
miṭ-ṭō-w-ḇāh,
of goodPrep-m | N-fs
1571 [e]גַּם־
gam-
alsoConj
2088 [e]זֶ֥ה
zeh
thisPro-ms
1892 [e]הֶ֛בֶל
he-ḇel
vanityN-ms
6045 [e]וְעִנְיַ֥ן
wə-‘in-yan
and a misfortuneConj-w | N-msc
7451 [e]רָ֖ע
rā‘
graveAdj-ms
1931 [e]הֽוּא׃
hū.
isPro-3ms









Hebrew Texts
קהלת 4:8 Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex
יֵ֣שׁ אֶחָד֩ וְאֵ֨ין שֵׁנִ֜י גַּ֣ם בֵּ֧ן וָאָ֣ח אֵֽין־לֹ֗ו וְאֵ֥ין קֵץ֙ לְכָל־עֲמָלֹ֔ו גַּם־ [עֵינָיו כ] (עֵינֹ֖ו ק) לֹא־תִשְׂבַּ֣ע עֹ֑שֶׁר וּלְמִ֣י ׀ אֲנִ֣י עָמֵ֗ל וּמְחַסֵּ֤ר אֶת־נַפְשִׁי֙ מִטֹּובָ֔ה גַּם־זֶ֥ה הֶ֛בֶל וְעִנְיַ֥ן רָ֖ע הֽוּא׃

קהלת 4:8 Hebrew OT: WLC (Consonants Only)
יש אחד ואין שני גם בן ואח אין־לו ואין קץ לכל־עמלו גם־ [עיניו כ] (עינו ק) לא־תשבע עשר ולמי ׀ אני עמל ומחסר את־נפשי מטובה גם־זה הבל וענין רע הוא׃

קהלת 4:8 Paleo-Hebrew OT: WLC (Font Required)
יש אחד ואין שני גם בן ואח אין־לו ואין קץ לכל־עמלו גם־ [עיניו כ] (עינו ק) לא־תשבע עשר ולמי ׀ אני עמל ומחסר את־נפשי מטובה גם־זה הבל וענין רע הוא׃

קהלת 4:8 Hebrew Bible
יש אחד ואין שני גם בן ואח אין לו ואין קץ לכל עמלו גם עיניו לא תשבע עשר ולמי אני עמל ומחסר את נפשי מטובה גם זה הבל וענין רע הוא׃

Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
There was a certain man without a dependent, having neither a son nor a brother, yet there was no end to all his labor. Indeed, his eyes were not satisfied with riches and he never asked, "And for whom am I laboring and depriving myself of pleasure?" This too is vanity and it is a grievous task.

King James Bible
There is one alone, and there is not a second; yea, he hath neither child nor brother: yet is there no end of all his labour; neither is his eye satisfied with riches; neither saith he, For whom do I labour, and bereave my soul of good? This is also vanity, yea, it is a sore travail.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
There is a person without a companion, without even a son or brother, and though there is no end to all his struggles, his eyes are still not content with riches. "So who am I struggling for," he asks, "and depriving myself from good?" This too is futile and a miserable task.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

one

Ecclesiastes 4:9-12 Two are better than one; because they have a good reward for their labor…

Genesis 2:18 And the LORD God said, It is not good that the man should be alone; …

Isaiah 56:3-5 Neither let the son of the stranger, that has joined himself to the …

he hath

Genesis 15:2,3 And Abram said, LORD God, what will you give me, seeing I go childless, …

no

Isaiah 5:8 Woe to them that join house to house, that lay field to field, till …

is his

Ecclesiastes 1:8 All things are full of labor; man cannot utter it: the eye is not …

Ecclesiastes 5:10 He that loves silver shall not be satisfied with silver; nor he that …

Proverbs 27:20 Hell and destruction are never full; so the eyes of man are never satisfied.

Habakkuk 2:5,9 Yes also, because he transgresses by wine, he is a proud man, neither …

1 John 2:16 For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust …

for

Psalm 39:6 Surely every man walks in a vain show: surely they are disquieted …

Isaiah 44:19,20 And none considers in his heart, neither is there knowledge nor understanding …

Luke 12:20 But God said to him, You fool, this night your soul shall be required …

it is

Ecclesiastes 1:13 And I gave my heart to seek and search out by wisdom concerning all …

Ecclesiastes 2:23 For all his days are sorrows, and his travail grief; yes, his heart …

Isaiah 55:2 Why do you spend money for that which is not bread? and your labor …

Matthew 11:28 Come to me, all you that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.

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