2 Samuel 20:3
Text Analysis
Strong'sHebrewEnglishMorphology
935 [e]וַיָּבֹ֨א
way-yā-ḇō
And cameConj-w | V-Qal-ConsecImperf-3ms
1732 [e]דָוִ֣ד
ḏā-wiḏ
DavidN-proper-ms
413 [e]אֶל־
’el-
toPrep
1004 [e]בֵּיתוֹ֮
bê-ṯōw
his houseN-msc | 3ms
3389 [e]יְרֽוּשָׁלִַם֒
yə-rū-šā-lim
at JerusalemN-proper-fs
3947 [e]וַיִּקַּ֣ח
way-yiq-qaḥ
and tookConj-w | V-Qal-ConsecImperf-3ms
4428 [e]הַמֶּ֡לֶךְ
ham-me-leḵ
the kingArt | N-ms
853 [e]אֵ֣ת
’êṯ
-DirObjM
6235 [e]עֶֽשֶׂר־
‘e-śer-
tenNumber-fsc
802 [e]נָשִׁ֣ים ׀
nā-šîm
the womenN-fp
6370 [e]פִּלַגְשִׁ֡ים
pi-laḡ-šîm
his concubinesN-fp
834 [e]אֲשֶׁ֣ר
’ă-šer
whomPro-r
3240 [e]הִנִּיחַ֩
hin-nî-aḥ
he had leftV-Hifil-Perf-3ms
8104 [e]לִשְׁמֹ֨ר
liš-mōr
to keepPrep-l | V-Qal-Inf
1004 [e]הַבַּ֜יִת
hab-ba-yiṯ
the houseArt | N-ms
5414 [e]וַֽיִּתְּנֵ֤ם
way-yit-tə-nêm
and put themConj-w | V-Qal-ConsecImperf-3ms | 3mp
1004 [e]בֵּית־
bêṯ-
inN-msc
4931 [e]מִשְׁמֶ֙רֶת֙
miš-me-reṯ
seclusionN-fs
3557 [e]וַֽיְכַלְכְּלֵ֔ם
way-ḵal-kə-lêm,
and supported themConj-w | V-Piel-ConsecImperf-3ms | 3mp
413 [e]וַאֲלֵיהֶ֖ם
wa-’ă-lê-hem
but to themConj-w | Prep | 3mp
3808 [e]לֹא־
lō-
notAdv-NegPrt
935 [e]בָ֑א
ḇā;
did go inV-Qal-Perf-3ms
1961 [e]וַתִּהְיֶ֧ינָה
wat-tih-ye-nāh
so they wereConj-w | V-Qal-ConsecImperf-3fp
6887 [e]צְרֻר֛וֹת
ṣə-ru-rō-wṯ
shut upV-Qal-QalPassPrtcpl-fp
5704 [e]עַד־
‘aḏ-
toPrep
3117 [e]י֥וֹם
yō-wm
the day ofN-msc
4194 [e]מֻתָ֖ן
mu-ṯān
their deathV-Qal-Inf | 3fp
491 [e]אַלְמְנ֥וּת
’al-mə-nūṯ
in widowhoodN-fsc
2424 [e]חַיּֽוּת׃
ḥay-yūṯ.
livingN-fs
  ס
s
-Punc









Hebrew Texts
שמואל ב 20:3 Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex
וַיָּבֹ֨א דָוִ֣ד אֶל־בֵּיתֹו֮ יְרֽוּשָׁלִַם֒ וַיִּקַּ֣ח הַמֶּ֡לֶךְ אֵ֣ת עֶֽשֶׂר־נָשִׁ֣ים ׀ פִּלַגְשִׁ֡ים אֲשֶׁ֣ר הִנִּיחַ֩ לִשְׁמֹ֨ר הַבַּ֜יִת וַֽיִּתְּנֵ֤ם בֵּית־מִשְׁמֶ֙רֶת֙ וַֽיְכַלְכְּלֵ֔ם וַאֲלֵיהֶ֖ם לֹא־בָ֑א וַתִּהְיֶ֧ינָה צְרֻרֹ֛ות עַד־יֹ֥ום מֻתָ֖ן אַלְמְנ֥וּת חַיּֽוּת׃ ס

שמואל ב 20:3 Hebrew OT: WLC (Consonants Only)
ויבא דוד אל־ביתו ירושלם ויקח המלך את עשר־נשים ׀ פלגשים אשר הניח לשמר הבית ויתנם בית־משמרת ויכלכלם ואליהם לא־בא ותהיינה צררות עד־יום מתן אלמנות חיות׃ ס

שמואל ב 20:3 Paleo-Hebrew OT: WLC (Font Required)
ויבא דוד אל־ביתו ירושלם ויקח המלך את עשר־נשים ׀ פלגשים אשר הניח לשמר הבית ויתנם בית־משמרת ויכלכלם ואליהם לא־בא ותהיינה צררות עד־יום מתן אלמנות חיות׃ ס

שמואל ב 20:3 Hebrew Bible
ויבא דוד אל ביתו ירושלם ויקח המלך את עשר נשים פלגשים אשר הניח לשמר הבית ויתנם בית משמרת ויכלכלם ואליהם לא בא ותהיינה צררות עד יום מתן אלמנות חיות׃

Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
Then David came to his house at Jerusalem, and the king took the ten women, the concubines whom he had left to keep the house, and placed them under guard and provided them with sustenance, but did not go in to them. So they were shut up until the day of their death, living as widows.

King James Bible
And David came to his house at Jerusalem; and the king took the ten women his concubines, whom he had left to keep the house, and put them in ward, and fed them, but went not in unto them. So they were shut up unto the day of their death, living in widowhood.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When David came to his palace in Jerusalem, he took the 10 concubines he had left to take care of the palace and placed them under guard. He provided for them, but he was not intimate with them. They were confined until the day of their death, living as widows.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

ten women

2 Samuel 15:16 And the king went forth, and all his household after him. And the …

2 Samuel 16:21,22 And Ahithophel said to Absalom, Go in to your father's concubines, …

and put The confinement and retired maintenance of these women was the only measure which in justice and prudence could be adopted. In China, when an emperor dies, all his women are removed to an edifice called the {palace of chastity}, situated within the palace, in which they are shut up for the remainder of their lives.

ward [heb] and house of ward

Genesis 40:3 And he put them in ward in the house of the captain of the guard, …

shut [bound]
living in widowhood [heb] in widowhood of life.

Links
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2 Samuel 20:2
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