Luke 14:31
Strong's Lexicon
Or
(Ē)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2228: Or, than. A primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than.

what
τίς (tis)
Interrogative / Indefinite Pronoun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 5101: Who, which, what, why. Probably emphatic of tis; an interrogative pronoun, who, which or what.

king
βασιλεὺς (basileus)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 935: A king, ruler, but in some passages clearly to be translated: emperor. Probably from basis; a sovereign.

on his way
πορευόμενος (poreuomenos)
Verb - Present Participle Middle or Passive - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 4198: To travel, journey, go, die.

to war
πόλεμον (polemon)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 4171: A war, battle, strife. From pelomai; warfare.

with another
ἑτέρῳ (heterō)
Adjective - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2087: (a) of two: another, a second, (b) other, different, (c) one's neighbor. Of uncertain affinity; other or different.

king
βασιλεῖ (basilei)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 935: A king, ruler, but in some passages clearly to be translated: emperor. Probably from basis; a sovereign.

will not first sit down
καθίσας (kathisas)
Verb - Aorist Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2523: Another form for kathezomai; to seat down, i.e. Set; intransitively, to sit; figuratively, to settle.

πρῶτον (prōton)
Adverb - Superlative
Strong's Greek 4412: First, in the first place, before, formerly. Neuter of protos as adverb; firstly.

[and] consider
βουλεύσεται (bouleusetai)
Verb - Future Indicative Middle - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1011: To deliberate, take counsel, determine. From boule; to advise, i.e. deliberate, or resolve.

whether
εἰ (ei)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1487: If. A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.

he
ἐστιν (estin)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

can
δυνατός (dynatos)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 1415: (a) of persons: powerful, able, (b) of things: possible. From dunamai; powerful or capable; neuter possible.

engage
ὑπαντῆσαι (hypantēsai)
Verb - Aorist Infinitive Active
Strong's Greek 5221: To meet, go to meet. From hupo and a derivative of anti; to go opposite under, i.e. To encounter, fall in with.

with
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

ten
δέκα (deka)
Adjective - Dative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 1176: Ten. A primary number; ten.

thousand [men]
χιλιάσιν (chiliasin)
Noun - Dative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 5505: A thousand, the number one thousand. From chilioi; one thousand.

the [one]
τῷ ()
Article - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

coming
ἐρχομένῳ (erchomenō)
Verb - Present Participle Middle or Passive - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2064: To come, go.

against
ἐπ’ (ep’)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1909: On, to, against, on the basis of, at.

him
αὐτόν (auton)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Accusative Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

with
μετὰ (meta)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 3326: (a) gen: with, in company with, (b) acc: (1) behind, beyond, after, of place, (2) after, of time, with nouns, neut. of adjectives.

twenty
εἴκοσι (eikosi)
Adjective - Genitive Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 1501: Twenty. Of uncertain affinity; a score.

thousand ?
χιλιάδων (chiliadōn)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 5505: A thousand, the number one thousand. From chilioi; one thousand.

Parallel Strong's
Holman Christian Standard Bible
“Or what king, going to war against another king, will not first sit down and decide if he is able with 10,000 to oppose the one who comes against him with 20,000 ?

New American Standard Bible
"Or what king, when he sets out to meet another king in battle, will not first sit down and consider whether he is strong enough with ten thousand [men] to encounter the one coming against him with twenty thousand?

King James Bible
Or what king, going to make war against another king, sitteth not down first, and consulteth whether he be able with ten thousand to meet him that cometh against him with twenty thousand?
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Or suppose a king is about to go to war against another king. Won't he first sit down and consider whether he is able with ten thousand men to oppose the one coming against him with twenty thousand?

New Living Translation
"Or what king would go to war against another king without first sitting down with his counselors to discuss whether his army of 10,000 could defeat the 20,000 soldiers marching against him?

English Standard Version
Or what king, going out to encounter another king in war, will not sit down first and deliberate whether he is able with ten thousand to meet him who comes against him with twenty thousand?

New American Standard Bible
"Or what king, when he sets out to meet another king in battle, will not first sit down and consider whether he is strong enough with ten thousand men to encounter the one coming against him with twenty thousand?

King James Bible
Or what king, going to make war against another king, sitteth not down first, and consulteth whether he be able with ten thousand to meet him that cometh against him with twenty thousand?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
"Or what king, going to war against another king, will not first sit down and decide if he is able with 10,000 to oppose the one who comes against him with 20,000?

International Standard Version
"Or suppose a king is going to war against another king. He will first sit down and consider whether with 10,000 men he can fight the one coming against him with 20,000 men, won't he?

NET Bible
Or what king, going out to confront another king in battle, will not sit down first and determine whether he is able with ten thousand to oppose the one coming against him with twenty thousand?

American Standard Version
Or what king, as he goeth to encounter another king in war, will not sit down first and take counsel whether he is able with ten thousand to meet him that cometh against him with twenty thousand?

English Revised Version
Or what king, as he goeth to encounter another king in war, will not sit down first and take counsel whether he is able with ten thousand to meet him that cometh against him with twenty thousand?

Young's Literal Translation
'Or what king going on to engage with another king in war, doth not, having sat down, first consult if he be able with ten thousand to meet him who with twenty thousand is coming against him?






Cross References
Proverbs 20:18
Every purpose is established by counsel: and with good advice make war.

Luke 14:30
Saying, This man began to build, and was not able to finish.

Luke 14:32
Or else, while the other is yet a great way off, he sendeth an ambassage, and desireth conditions of peace.

Luke 1:1
Forasmuch as many have taken in hand to set forth in order a declaration of those things which are most surely believed among us,

Luke 14:29
Lest haply, after he hath laid the foundation, and is not able to finish it, all that behold it begin to mock him,

Luke 14:28
For which of you, intending to build a tower, sitteth not down first, and counteth the cost, whether he have sufficient to finish it?

Luke 14:33
So likewise, whosoever he be of you that forsaketh not all that he hath, he cannot be my disciple.

Luke 14:34
Salt is good: but if the salt have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be seasoned?
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