Exodus 23:1
Strong's Lexicon
You shall not
לֹ֥א ()
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: 1) not, no 1a) not (with verb-absolute prohibition) 1b) not (with modifier-negation) 1c) nothing (subst) 1d) without (with particle) 1e) before (of time)

spread
תִשָּׂ֖א (ṯiś·śā)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5375: 1) to lift, bear up, carry, take 1a) (Qal) 1a1) to lift, lift up 1a2) to bear, carry, support, sustain, endure 1a3) to take, take away, carry off, forgive 1b) (Niphal) 1b1) to be lifted up, be exalted 1b2) to lift oneself up, rise up 1b3) to be borne, be carried 1b4) to be taken away, be carried off, be swept away 1c) (Piel) 1c1) to lift up, exalt, support, aid, assist 1c2) to desire, long (fig.) 1c3) to carry, bear continuously 1c4) to take, take away 1d) (Hithpael) to lift oneself up, exalt oneself 1e) (Hiphil) 1e1) to cause one to bear (iniquity) 1e2) to cause to bring, have brought

a false
שָׁ֑וְא (šāw)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7723: 1) emptiness, vanity, falsehood 1a) emptiness, nothingness, vanity 1b) emptiness of speech, lying 1c) worthlessness (of conduct)

report.
שֵׁ֣מַע (šê·ma‘)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 8088: 1) report, a hearing

Do not
אַל־ (’al-)
Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 408: 1) not, no, nor, neither, nothing (as wish or preference) 1a) do not, let not (with a verb) 1b) let there not be (with a verb understood) 1c) not, no (with substantive) 1d) nothing (as substantive)

join
תָּ֤שֶׁת (tā·šeṯ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect Jussive - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7896: 1) to put, set 1a) (Qal) 1a1) to put, lay (hand upon) 1a2) to set, station, appoint, fix, set mind to 1a3) to constitute, make (one something), make like, perform 1a4) to take one's stand 1a5) to lay waste 1b) (Hophal) to be imposed, be set upon

יָֽדְךָ֙ (yā·ḏə·ḵā)
Noun - feminine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3027: 1) hand 1a) hand (of man) 1b) strength, power (fig.) 1c) side (of land), part, portion (metaph.) (fig.) 1d) (various special, technical senses) 1d1) sign, monument 1d2) part, fractional part, share 1d3) time, repetition 1d4) axle-trees, axle 1d5) stays, support (for laver) 1d6) tenons (in tabernacle) 1d7) a phallus, a hand (meaning unsure) 1d8) wrists

עִם־ (‘im-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5973: 1) with 1a) with 1b) against 1c) toward 1d) as long as 1e) beside, except 1f) in spite of

the wicked
רָשָׁ֔ע (rā·šā‘)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7563: 1) wicked, criminal 1a) guilty one, one guilty of crime (subst) 1b) wicked (hostile to God) 1c) wicked, guilty of sin (against God or man)

by being
לִהְיֹ֖ת (lih·yōṯ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 1961: 1) to be, become, come to pass, exist, happen, fall out 1a) (Qal) 1a1) ----- 1a1a) to happen, fall out, occur, take place, come about, come to pass 1a1b) to come about, come to pass 1a2) to come into being, become 1a2a) to arise, appear, come 1a2b) to become 1a2b1) to become 1a2b2) to become like 1a2b3) to be instituted, be established 1a3) to be 1a3a) to exist, be in existence 1a3b) to abide, remain, continue (with word of place or time) 1a3c) to stand, lie, be in, be at, be situated (with word of locality) 1a3d) to accompany, be with 1b) (Niphal) 1b1) to occur, come to pass, be done, be brought about 1b2) to be done, be finished, be gone

a malicious
חָמָֽס׃ (ḥā·mās)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2555: 1) violence, wrong, cruelty, injustice

witness.
עֵ֥ד (‘êḏ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 5707: 1) witness 1a) witness, testimony, evidence (of things) 1b) witness (of people)

Parallel Strong's
Holman Christian Standard Bible
You must not spread a false report. Do not join the wicked to be a malicious witness.

New American Standard Bible
"You shall not bear a false report; do not join your hand with a wicked man to be a malicious witness.

King James Bible
Thou shalt not raise a false report: put not thine hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness.
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Do not spread false reports. Do not help a guilty person by being a malicious witness.

New Living Translation
"You must not pass along false rumors. You must not cooperate with evil people by lying on the witness stand.

English Standard Version
“You shall not spread a false report. You shall not join hands with a wicked man to be a malicious witness.

New American Standard Bible
"You shall not bear a false report; do not join your hand with a wicked man to be a malicious witness.

King James Bible
Thou shalt not raise a false report: put not thine hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You must not spread a false report. Do not join the wicked to be a malicious witness."

International Standard Version
"You are not to spread a false report, nor are you to join forces with the wicked to be a malicious witness.

NET Bible
"You must not give a false report. Do not make common cause with the wicked to be a malicious witness.

American Standard Version
Thou shalt not take up a false report: put not thy hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness.

English Revised Version
Thou shalt not take up a false report: put not thine hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness.

Young's Literal Translation
'Thou dost not lift up a vain report; thou dost not put thy hand with a wicked man to be a violent witness.






Cross References
Luke 3:14
And the soldiers likewise demanded of him, saying, And what shall we do? And he said unto them, Do violence to no man, neither accuse any falsely; and be content with your wages.

John 7:51
Doth our law judge any man, before it hear him, and know what he doeth?

Acts 6:11
Then they suborned men, which said, We have heard him speak blasphemous words against Moses, and against God.

Genesis 39:17
And she spake unto him according to these words, saying, The Hebrew servant, which thou hast brought unto us, came in unto me to mock me:

Exodus 20:16
Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.

Leviticus 19:11
Ye shall not steal, neither deal falsely, neither lie one to another.

Deuteronomy 5:20
Neither shalt thou bear false witness against thy neighbour.

Deuteronomy 19:16
If a false witness rise up against any man to testify against him that which is wrong;

Psalm 15:3
He that backbiteth not with his tongue, nor doeth evil to his neighbour, nor taketh up a reproach against his neighbour.

Psalm 35:11
False witnesses did rise up; they laid to my charge things that I knew not.

Psalm 101:5
Whoso privily slandereth his neighbour, him will I cut off: him that hath an high look and a proud heart will not I suffer.
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