Deuteronomy 32:1
Parallel Verses
New Living Translation
"Listen, O heavens, and I will speak! Hear, O earth, the words that I say!

King James Bible
Give ear, O ye heavens, and I will speak; and hear, O earth, the words of my mouth.

Darby Bible Translation
Give ear, ye heavens, and I will speak; And hear, O earth, the words of my mouth!

World English Bible
Give ear, you heavens, and I will speak. Let the earth hear the words of my mouth.

Young's Literal Translation
'Give ear, O heavens, and I speak; And thou dost hear, O earth, sayings of my mouth!

Deuteronomy 32:1 Parallel
Wesley's Notes on the Bible

32:1 O heavens, O earth - You lifeless and senseless creatures, which he calls upon partly to accuse the stupidity of Israel, that were more dull of hearing than these: and partly as witnesses of the truth of his sayings and the justice of God's proceedings against them.

Deuteronomy 32:1 Parallel Commentaries

a survey of the third and closing discourse of the prophet
We shall now, in conclusion, give a survey of the third and closing discourse of the prophet. After an introduction in vi. 1, 2, where the mountains serve only to give greater solemnity to the scene (in the fundamental passages Deut. xxxii. 1, and in Is. 1, 2, "heaven and earth" are mentioned for the same purposes, inasmuch as they are the most venerable parts of creation; "contend with the mountains" by taking them in and applying to [Pg 522] them as hearers), the prophet reminds the people of
Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg—Christology of the Old Testament

Appendix xvi. On the Jewish views About Demons' and the Demonised,' Together with Some Notes on the Intercourse Between Jews and Jewish Christians in the First Centuries.
IT is not, of course, our purpose here to attempt an exhaustive account of the Jewish views on demons' and the demonised.' A few preliminary strictures were, however, necessary on a work upon which writers on this subject have too implictly relied. I refer to Gfrörer's Jahrhundert des Heils (especially vol. i. pp. 378-424). Gfrörer sets out by quoting a passage in the Book of Enoch on which he lays great stress, but which critical inquiries of Dillmann and other scholars have shown to be
Alfred Edersheim—The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah

The Justice of God
The next attribute is God's justice. All God's attributes are identical, and are the same with his essence. Though he has several attributes whereby he is made known to us, yet he has but one essence. A cedar tree may have several branches, yet it is but one cedar. So there are several attributes of God whereby we conceive of him, but only one entire essence. Well, then, concerning God's justice. Deut 32:4. Just and right is he.' Job 37:23. Touching the Almighty, we cannot find him out: he is excellent
Thomas Watson—A Body of Divinity

The Truth of God
The next attribute is God's truth. A God of truth and without iniquity; just and right is he.' Deut 32:4. For thy mercy is great unto the heavens, and thy truth unto the clouds.' Psa 57:10. Plenteous in truth.' Psa 86:15. I. God is the truth. He is true in a physical sense; true in his being: he has a real subsistence, and gives a being to others. He is true in a moral sense; he is true sine errore, without errors; et sine fallacia, without deceit. God is prima veritas, the pattern and prototype
Thomas Watson—A Body of Divinity

Cross References
Deuteronomy 4:26
"Today I call on heaven and earth as witnesses against you. If you break my covenant, you will quickly disappear from the land you are crossing the Jordan to occupy. You will live there only a short time; then you will be utterly destroyed.

Deuteronomy 31:28
"Now summon all the elders and officials of your tribes, so that I can speak to them directly and call heaven and earth to witness against them.

Deuteronomy 31:30
So Moses recited this entire song publicly to the assembly of Israel:

Psalm 50:4
He calls on the heavens above and earth below to witness the judgment of his people.

Isaiah 1:2
Listen, O heavens! Pay attention, earth! This is what the LORD says: "The children I raised and cared for have rebelled against me.

Isaiah 34:1
Come here and listen, O nations of the earth. Let the world and everything in it hear my words.

Jeremiah 6:19
Listen, all the earth! I will bring disaster on my people. It is the fruit of their own schemes, because they refuse to listen to me. They have rejected my word.

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