Romans 9:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
the people of Israel. Theirs is the adoption to sonship; theirs the divine glory, the covenants, the receiving of the law, the temple worship and the promises.

King James Bible
Who are Israelites; to whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises;

Darby Bible Translation
who are Israelites; whose [is] the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the law-giving, and the service, and the promises;

World English Bible
who are Israelites; whose is the adoption, the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the service, and the promises;

Young's Literal Translation
who are Israelites, whose is the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the lawgiving, and the service, and the promises,

Romans 9:4 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Who are Israelites - Descendants of Jacob, a man so highly favored of God, and from whom he received his name Israel - a prince of God, Genesis 32:28; from which name his descendants were called Israelites, and separated unto God for his glory and praise. Their very name of Israelites implied their very high dignity; they were a royal nation; princes of the most high God.

The adoption - The Israelites were all taken into the family of God, and were called his sons and first-born, Exodus 4:22; Deuteronomy 14:1; Jeremiah 31:9; Hosea 11:1; and this adoption took place when God made the covenant with them at Horeb.

The glory - The manifestation of God among them; principally by the cloud and pillar, and the Shekinah, or Divine presence, appearing between the cherubim over the mercy-seat. These were peculiar to the Jews; no other nation was ever thus favored.

The covenants - The covenants made with Abraham, both that which relates to the spiritual seed, and that which was peculiar to his natural descendants, Galatians 3:16, Galatians 3:17; which covenants were afterwards renewed by Moses, Deuteronomy 29:1. Some suppose that the singular is here put for the plural, and that by covenants we are to understand the decalogue, which is termed ברית berith, or covenant, Deuteronomy 4:13. But it is more likely that the apostle alludes to the great covenant made with Abraham, and to its various renewals and extensions at different times afterwards, as well as to its twofold design - the grant of the land of Canaan, and the rest that remains for the people of God.

The giving of the law - The revelation of God by God himself, containing a system of moral and political precepts. This was also peculiar to the Jews; for to no other nation had he ever given a revelation of his will.

The service - Λατρεια. The particular ordinances, rites, and ceremonies of their religious worship, and especially the sacrificial system, so expressive of the sinfulness of sin and the holiness of God.

The promises - The land of Canaan, and the blessings of the Messiah and his kingdom; which promises had been made and often repeated to the patriarchs and to the prophets.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

are Israelites.

Romans 9:6 Not as though the word of God has taken none effect. For they are not all Israel, which are of Israel:

Genesis 32:28 And he said, Your name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince have you power with God and with men...

Exodus 19:3-6 And Moses went up to God, and the LORD called to him out of the mountain, saying, Thus shall you say to the house of Jacob...

Deuteronomy 7:6 For you are an holy people to the LORD your God: the LORD your God has chosen you to be a special people to himself...

Psalm 73:1 Truly God is good to Israel, even to such as are of a clean heart.

Isaiah 41:8 But you, Israel, are my servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the seed of Abraham my friend.

Isaiah 46:3 Listen to me, O house of Jacob, and all the remnant of the house of Israel, which are borne by me from the belly...

John 1:47 Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him, and said of him, Behold an Israelite indeed, in whom is no guile!

the adoption.

Exodus 4:22 And you shall say to Pharaoh, Thus said the LORD, Israel is my son, even my firstborn:

Deuteronomy 14:1 You are the children of the LORD your God: you shall not cut yourselves, nor make any baldness between your eyes for the dead.

Jeremiah 31:9,20 They shall come with weeping, and with supplications will I lead them...

Hosea 11:1 When Israel was a child, then I loved him, and called my son out of Egypt.

and the glory.

Numbers 7:89 And when Moses was gone into the tabernacle of the congregation to speak with him...

1 Samuel 4:21,22 And she named the child Ichabod, saying, The glory is departed from Israel: because the ark of God was taken...

1 Kings 8:11 So that the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud: for the glory of the LORD had filled the house of the LORD.

Psalm 63:2 To see your power and your glory, so as I have seen you in the sanctuary.

Psalm 78:61 And delivered his strength into captivity, and his glory into the enemy's hand.

Psalm 90:16 Let your work appear to your servants, and your glory to their children.

Isaiah 60:19 The sun shall be no more your light by day; neither for brightness shall the moon give light to you...

covenants. or, testaments.

Genesis 15:18 In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, To your seed have I given this land...

Genesis 17:2,7,10 And I will make my covenant between me and you, and will multiply you exceedingly...

Exodus 24:7,8 And he took the book of the covenant, and read in the audience of the people: and they said, All that the LORD has said will we do...

Exodus 34:27 And the LORD said to Moses, Write you these words: for after the tenor of these words I have made a covenant with you and with Israel.

Deuteronomy 29:1 These are the words of the covenant, which the LORD commanded Moses to make with the children of Israel in the land of Moab...

Deuteronomy 31:16 And the LORD said to Moses, Behold, you shall sleep with your fathers; and this people will rise up...

Nehemiah 13:29 Remember them, O my God, because they have defiled the priesthood, and the covenant of the priesthood, and of the Levites.

Psalm 89:3,34 I have made a covenant with my chosen, I have sworn to David my servant...

Jeremiah 31:33 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, said the LORD...

Jeremiah 33:20-25 Thus said the LORD; If you can break my covenant of the day, and my covenant of the night...

Acts 3:25 You are the children of the prophets, and of the covenant which God made with our fathers, saying to Abraham...

Hebrews 8:6-10 But now has he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant...

the giving.

Romans 3:2 Much every way: chiefly, because that to them were committed the oracles of God.

Nehemiah 9:13,14 You came down also on mount Sinai, and spoke with them from heaven, and gave them right judgments, and true laws...

Psalm 147:19 He shows his word to Jacob, his statutes and his judgments to Israel.

Ezekiel 20:11,12 And I gave them my statutes, and showed them my judgments, which if a man do, he shall even live in them...

John 1:17 For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.

the service.

Exodus 12:25 And it shall come to pass, when you be come to the land which the LORD will give you, according as he has promised...

Isaiah 5:2 And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in the middle of it...

Matthew 21:33 Hear another parable: There was a certain householder, which planted a vineyard, and hedged it round about, and dig a wine press in it...

Hebrews 9:3,10 And after the second veil, the tabernacle which is called the Holiest of all...


Luke 1:54,55,69-75 He has helped his servant Israel, in remembrance of his mercy...

Acts 2:39 For the promise is to you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the LORD our God shall call.

Acts 3:25,26 You are the children of the prophets, and of the covenant which God made with our fathers, saying to Abraham...

Acts 13:32,33 And we declare to you glad tidings, how that the promise which was made to the fathers...

Ephesians 2:12 That at that time you were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise...

Hebrews 6:13-17 For when God made promise to Abraham, because he could swear by no greater, he swore by himself...

April 1. "Vessels of Mercy which He had Afore Prepared unto Glory" (Rom. Ix. 23).
"Vessels of mercy which he had afore prepared unto glory" (Rom. ix. 23). Our Father is fitting us for eternity. A vessel fitted for the kitchen will find itself in the kitchen. A vessel for the art gallery or the reception room will generally find itself there at last. What are you getting fitted for? To be a slop-pail to hold all the stuff that people pour into your ears, or a vase to hold sweet fragrance and flowers for the King's palace and a harp of many strings that sounds the melodies and harmonies
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

Of Predestination
Eph. i. 11.--"In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will."--Rom. ix. 22, 23.--"What if God, willing to show his wrath and to make his power known, endured with much long-suffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction, and that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy which he had afore prepared unto glory." In the creation of the world, it pleased the Lord,
Hugh Binning—The Works of the Rev. Hugh Binning

Concerning God's Purpose
1. God's purpose is the cause of salvation. THE third and last thing in the text, which I shall but briefly glance at, is the ground and origin of our effectual calling, in these words, "according to his purpose" (Eph. i. 11). Anselm renders it, According to his good will. Peter Martyr reads it, According to His decree. This purpose, or decree of God, is the fountainhead of our spiritual blessings. It is the impulsive cause of our vocation, justification, glorification. It is the highest link in
Thomas Watson—A Divine Cordial

Letter Lxxxv. To Paulinus.
Paulinus had asked Jerome two questions, (1) how can certain passages of scripture (Exod. vii. 13; Rom. ix. 16) be reconciled with Free Will? and (2) Why are the children of believers said to be holy (1 Cor. vii. 14) apart from baptismal grace? For the first of these questions Jerome refers Paulinus to his version (newly made) of Origen's treatise, On First Principles. For the second he quotes the explanation of Tertullian. Written in 400 a.d. 1. Your words urge me to write to you but your eloquence
St. Jerome—The Principal Works of St. Jerome

Cross References
Genesis 17:2
Then I will make my covenant between me and you and will greatly increase your numbers."

Exodus 4:22
Then say to Pharaoh, 'This is what the LORD says: Israel is my firstborn son,

Exodus 40:34
Then the cloud covered the tent of meeting, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle.

Deuteronomy 4:13
He declared to you his covenant, the Ten Commandments, which he commanded you to follow and then wrote them on two stone tablets.

Deuteronomy 7:6
For you are a people holy to the LORD your God. The LORD your God has chosen you out of all the peoples on the face of the earth to be his people, his treasured possession.

Deuteronomy 14:1
You are the children of the LORD your God. Do not cut yourselves or shave the front of your heads for the dead,

Deuteronomy 29:14
I am making this covenant, with its oath, not only with you

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