Romans 9:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
They are Israelites, and to them belong the adoption, the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the worship, and the promises.

King James Bible
Who are Israelites; to whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises;

American Standard Version
who are Israelites; whose is the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God , and the promises;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who are Israelites, to whom belongeth the adoption as of children, and the glory, and the testament, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises:

English Revised Version
who are Israelites; whose is the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises;

Webster's Bible Translation
Who are Israelites; to whom pertain the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises;

Weymouth New Testament
To them belongs recognition as God's sons, and they have His glorious Presence and the Covenants, and the giving of the Law, and the Temple service, and the ancient Promises.

Romans 9:4 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Who (οἵτινες)

The double relative characterizes the Israelites with their call and privileges as such that for them he could even wish himself accursed.

Israelites

See on Acts 3:12.

Adoption

See on Romans 8:15. Israel is always represented as the Lord's son or first-born among all peoples. Exodus 4:22; Deuteronomy 14:1; Hosea 11:1.

The glory

The visible, luminous appearance of the divine presence was called by the Israelites the glory of Jahveh, or, in rabbinical phrase, the Shekinah. See Exodus 24:16; Exodus 40:34, Exodus 40:35; Ezekiel 1:28; Hebrews 9:5. Not the final glory of God's kingdom; for this belongs to the Gentiles as well as to the Jews.

The covenants (αἱ διαθῆκαι)

See on Matthew 26:28. Those concluded with the patriarchs since Abraham. See Galatians 3:16, Galatians 3:17; Ephesians 2:12. The plural never occurs in the Old Testament. See on Hebrews 9:16.

The giving of the law (ἡ νομοθεσία)

The act of giving, with a secondary reference to the substance of the law; legislation.

The service (ἡ λατρεία)

See on John 16:2; see on Luke 1:74; see on Revelation 22:3; see on Philippians 3:3. Here the sum total of the Levitical services instituted by the law.

continued...

Romans 9:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

are Israelites.

Romans 9:6 Not as though the word of God has taken none effect. For they are not all Israel, which are of Israel:

Genesis 32:28 And he said, Your name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince have you power with God and with men...

Exodus 19:3-6 And Moses went up to God, and the LORD called to him out of the mountain, saying, Thus shall you say to the house of Jacob...

Deuteronomy 7:6 For you are an holy people to the LORD your God: the LORD your God has chosen you to be a special people to himself...

Psalm 73:1 Truly God is good to Israel, even to such as are of a clean heart.

Isaiah 41:8 But you, Israel, are my servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the seed of Abraham my friend.

Isaiah 46:3 Listen to me, O house of Jacob, and all the remnant of the house of Israel, which are borne by me from the belly...

John 1:47 Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him, and said of him, Behold an Israelite indeed, in whom is no guile!

the adoption.

Exodus 4:22 And you shall say to Pharaoh, Thus said the LORD, Israel is my son, even my firstborn:

Deuteronomy 14:1 You are the children of the LORD your God: you shall not cut yourselves, nor make any baldness between your eyes for the dead.

Jeremiah 31:9,20 They shall come with weeping, and with supplications will I lead them...

Hosea 11:1 When Israel was a child, then I loved him, and called my son out of Egypt.

and the glory.

Numbers 7:89 And when Moses was gone into the tabernacle of the congregation to speak with him...

1 Samuel 4:21,22 And she named the child Ichabod, saying, The glory is departed from Israel: because the ark of God was taken...

1 Kings 8:11 So that the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud: for the glory of the LORD had filled the house of the LORD.

Psalm 63:2 To see your power and your glory, so as I have seen you in the sanctuary.

Psalm 78:61 And delivered his strength into captivity, and his glory into the enemy's hand.

Psalm 90:16 Let your work appear to your servants, and your glory to their children.

Isaiah 60:19 The sun shall be no more your light by day; neither for brightness shall the moon give light to you...

covenants. or, testaments.

Genesis 15:18 In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, To your seed have I given this land...

Genesis 17:2,7,10 And I will make my covenant between me and you, and will multiply you exceedingly...

Exodus 24:7,8 And he took the book of the covenant, and read in the audience of the people: and they said, All that the LORD has said will we do...

Exodus 34:27 And the LORD said to Moses, Write you these words: for after the tenor of these words I have made a covenant with you and with Israel.

Deuteronomy 29:1 These are the words of the covenant, which the LORD commanded Moses to make with the children of Israel in the land of Moab...

Deuteronomy 31:16 And the LORD said to Moses, Behold, you shall sleep with your fathers; and this people will rise up...

Nehemiah 13:29 Remember them, O my God, because they have defiled the priesthood, and the covenant of the priesthood, and of the Levites.

Psalm 89:3,34 I have made a covenant with my chosen, I have sworn to David my servant...

Jeremiah 31:33 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, said the LORD...

Jeremiah 33:20-25 Thus said the LORD; If you can break my covenant of the day, and my covenant of the night...

Acts 3:25 You are the children of the prophets, and of the covenant which God made with our fathers, saying to Abraham...

Hebrews 8:6-10 But now has he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant...

the giving.

Romans 3:2 Much every way: chiefly, because that to them were committed the oracles of God.

Nehemiah 9:13,14 You came down also on mount Sinai, and spoke with them from heaven, and gave them right judgments, and true laws...

Psalm 147:19 He shows his word to Jacob, his statutes and his judgments to Israel.

Ezekiel 20:11,12 And I gave them my statutes, and showed them my judgments, which if a man do, he shall even live in them...

John 1:17 For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.

the service.

Exodus 12:25 And it shall come to pass, when you be come to the land which the LORD will give you, according as he has promised...

Isaiah 5:2 And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in the middle of it...

Matthew 21:33 Hear another parable: There was a certain householder, which planted a vineyard, and hedged it round about, and dig a wine press in it...

Hebrews 9:3,10 And after the second veil, the tabernacle which is called the Holiest of all...

promises.

Luke 1:54,55,69-75 He has helped his servant Israel, in remembrance of his mercy...

Acts 2:39 For the promise is to you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the LORD our God shall call.

Acts 3:25,26 You are the children of the prophets, and of the covenant which God made with our fathers, saying to Abraham...

Acts 13:32,33 And we declare to you glad tidings, how that the promise which was made to the fathers...

Ephesians 2:12 That at that time you were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise...

Hebrews 6:13-17 For when God made promise to Abraham, because he could swear by no greater, he swore by himself...

Cross References
Genesis 17:2
that I may make my covenant between me and you, and may multiply you greatly."

Exodus 4:22
Then you shall say to Pharaoh, 'Thus says the LORD, Israel is my firstborn son,

Exodus 40:34
Then the cloud covered the tent of meeting, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle.

Deuteronomy 4:13
And he declared to you his covenant, which he commanded you to perform, that is, the Ten Commandments, and he wrote them on two tablets of stone.

Deuteronomy 7:6
"For you are a people holy to the LORD your God. The LORD your God has chosen you to be a people for his treasured possession, out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth.

Deuteronomy 14:1
"You are the sons of the LORD your God. You shall not cut yourselves or make any baldness on your foreheads for the dead.

Deuteronomy 29:14
It is not with you alone that I am making this sworn covenant,

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