Psalm 45:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
For the director of music. To the tune of "Lilies." Of the Sons of Korah. A maskil. A wedding song. My heart is stirred by a noble theme as I recite my verses for the king; my tongue is the pen of a skillful writer.

King James Bible
To the chief Musician upon Shoshannim, for the sons of Korah, Maschil, A Song of loves. My heart is inditing a good matter: I speak of the things which I have made touching the king: my tongue is the pen of a ready writer.

Darby Bible Translation
{To the chief Musician. Upon Shoshannim. Of the sons of Korah. An instruction; -- a song of the Beloved.} My heart is welling forth [with] a good matter: I say what I have composed touching the king. My tongue is the pen of a ready writer.

World English Bible
My heart overflows with a noble theme. I recite my verses for the king. My tongue is like the pen of a skillful writer.

Young's Literal Translation
To the Overseer. -- 'On the Lilies.' -- By sons of Korah. -- An Instruction. -- A song of loves. My heart hath indited a good thing, I am telling my works to a king, My tongue is the pen of a speedy writer.

Psalm 45:1 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

My heart is inditing a good matter - רחש rachash, boileth or bubbleth up, as in the margin. It is a metaphor taken from a fountain that sends up its waters from the earth in this way. The Vulgate has eructavit, which is most literally translated by the old Psalter: Mi hert ryfted gude word. My heart belcheth - Anglo-Saxon.

I speak of the things which I have made touching the king - אמר אני מעשי למלך, literally, "I dedicate my work unto the king." Or, as the Psalter, I say my werkes til the kyng. This was the general custom of the Asiatic poets. They repeated their works before princes and honorable men; and especially those parts in which there was either a direct or constructive compliment to the great man. Virgil is reported to have a part of his Aeneid before Augustus, who was so pleased with it that he ordered ten sestertia to be given him for every line. And the famous Persian poet Ferdusi read a part of his Shah Nameh before Sultan Mahmoud, who promised him thirty thousand denars for the poem.

My tongue is the pen of a ready writer - I shall compose and speak as fluently the Divine matter which is now in my heart, as the most expert scribe can write from my recitation. My tung of maister swiftly wrytand. "That es, my tung is pen of the Haly Gast; and nout but als his instrument, wham he ledis als he wil. For I speke noght bot that he settis on my tung; als the pen dos noght withouten the writer. Swyftly wrytand, for the vertu of goddes inspiracioun is noght for to thynk with mons study, that he schewes til other of the purete of heven; that es some for to com that he wrytes." - Old Psalter.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

(Title.) To the chief. Or, rather, `To the chief musician upon the hexachords, a didactic ode for the sons of Korah, and a song of loves.' Shoshannim most probably denotes hexachords, or six stringed instruments, from shesh, `six:' hence the Persian shasta, a six stringed lute. This Psalm is supposed to be an epithalamium, or nuptial song, on the marriage of Solomon with Pharaoh's daughter; but with what propriety could Solomon be described as fairer than the children of men, a mighty warrior, a victorious conqueror, and a prince whose throne is for ever and ever! A greater than Solomon is here; and the person described is no other than the Messiah, as is acknowledged by many Jewish writers. The Targum on ver

3. says, `Thy beauty, malka meshecha, O King Messiah, is greater than the children of men:' and the Apostle expressly quotes it as such He.

1:8,9. It was probably written by David after Nathan's prophetic address

1 Chronicles 17:27 Now therefore let it please you to bless the house of your servant, that it may be before you for ever: for you bless, O LORD...


Psalm 69:1 Save me, O God; for the waters are come in to my soul.

Psalm 80:1 Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, you that lead Joseph like a flock; you that dwell between the cherubim, shine forth.

Maschil. or, of instruction
A song

Songs 1:1,2 The song of songs, which is Solomon's...

Isaiah 5:1 Now will I sing to my well beloved a song of my beloved touching his vineyard. My well beloved has a vineyard in a very fruitful hill:

Ephesians 5:32 This is a great mystery: but I speak concerning Christ and the church.

is inditing [heb.] boileth, of bubbleth up

Job 32:18-20 For I am full of matter, the spirit within me constrains me...

Proverbs 16:23 The heart of the wise teaches his mouth, and adds learning to his lips.

Matthew 12:35 A good man out of the good treasure of the heart brings forth good things...

a good

Psalm 49:3 My mouth shall speak of wisdom; and the meditation of my heart shall be of understanding.

Job 33:3 My words shall be of the uprightness of my heart: and my lips shall utter knowledge clearly.

Job 34:4 Let us choose to us judgment: let us know among ourselves what is good.

Proverbs 8:6-9 Hear; for I will speak of excellent things; and the opening of my lips shall be right things...


Psalm 2:6 Yet have I set my king on my holy hill of Zion.

Psalm 24:7-10 Lift up your heads, O you gates; and be you lift up, you everlasting doors; and the King of glory shall come in...

Psalm 110:1,2 The LORD said to my Lord, Sit you at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool...

Songs 1:12 While the king sits at his table, my spikenard sends forth the smell thereof.

Isaiah 32:1,2 Behold, a king shall reign in righteousness, and princes shall rule in judgment...

Matthew 25:34 Then shall the King say to them on his right hand, Come, you blessed of my Father...

Matthew 27:37 And set up over his head his accusation written, THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS.


2 Samuel 23:2 The Spirit of the LORD spoke by me, and his word was in my tongue.

2 Peter 1:21 For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.

July 20. "Forget Also Thine Own" (Ps. Xlv. 10).
"Forget also thine own" (Ps. xlv. 10). We, too, like the ancient Levites, must be "consecrated every one upon our son and upon our brother," and "forget our kindred and our father's house" in every sense in which they could hinder our full liberty and service for the Lord. We, too, must let our business go if it stands between us and the Lord, and in any case let it henceforth be His business and His alone, pursued for Him, controlled by Him, and its profits wholly dedicated to Him, and used as He
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

The Gladness of the Man of Sorrows
Our text describes the joy poured forth upon our glorious King in a twofold manner. Our Lord is first made joyous by his Father--"Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows." But there is another joy, which he getteth not from one person, but from many. Read the next verse--"All thy garments smell of myrrh, and aloes, and cassia, out of the ivory palaces, whereby they have made thee glad." Here both saints
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 9: 1863

So Then the Father is Lord and the Son is Lord...
So then the Father is Lord and the Son is Lord, [177] and the Father is God and the Son is God; for that which is begotten of God is God. [178] And so in the substance and power of His being there is shown forth one God; but there is also according to the economy of our redemption both Son and Father. Because to created things the Father of all is invisible and unapproachable, [179] therefore those who are to draw near to God must have their access to the Father through the Son. And yet more plainly
Irenæus—The Demonstration of the Apostolic Preaching

Letter Lxv. To Principia.
A commentary on Ps. XLV. addressed to Marcella's friend and companion Principia (see Letter CXXVII.). Jerome prefaces what he has to say by a defence of his practice of writing for women, a practice which had exposed him to many foolish sneers. He deals with the same subject in his dedication of the Commentary of Sophronius. The date of the letter is 397 a.d.
St. Jerome—The Principal Works of St. Jerome

Cross References
Ezra 7:6
this Ezra came up from Babylon. He was a teacher well versed in the Law of Moses, which the LORD, the God of Israel, had given. The king had granted him everything he asked, for the hand of the LORD his God was on him.

Psalm 42:1
For the director of music. A maskil of the Sons of Korah. As the deer pants for streams of water, so my soul pants for you, my God.

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