Psalm 23:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
He makes me lie down in green pastures, he leads me beside quiet waters,

King James Bible
He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters.

Darby Bible Translation
He maketh me to lie down in green pastures; he leadeth me beside still waters.

World English Bible
He makes me lie down in green pastures. He leads me beside still waters.

Young's Literal Translation
In pastures of tender grass He causeth me to lie down, By quiet waters He doth lead me.

Psalm 23:2 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

He maketh me to lie down in green pastures - בנאות דשא binoth deshe, not green pastures, but cottages of turf or sods, such as the shepherds had in open champaign countries; places in which themselves could repose safely; and pens thus constructed where the flock might be safe all the night. They were enclosures, and enclosures where they had grass or provender to eat.

Beside the still waters - Deep waters, that the strongest heat could not exhale; not by a rippling current, which argues a shallow stream. Or perhaps he may here refer to the waters of Siloam, or Shiloah, that go sof tly, Isaiah 8:6, compared with the strong current of the Euphrates. Thou hast brought us from the land of our captivity, from beyond this mighty and turbulent river, to our own country streams, wells, and fountains, where we enjoy peace, tranquillity, and rest.

The old Psalter gives this a beautiful turn: On the water of rehetyng forth he me broght. On the water of grace er we broght forth, that makes to recover our strengthe that we lost in syn. And reheteis (strengthens) us to do gude workes. My saule he turned, that es, of a synful wreche, he made it ryghtwis, and waxyng of luf in mekeness. First he turnes our sautes til hym; and then he ledes and fedes it. Ten graces he telles in this psalme, the qwilk God gyfs til his lufers, (i.e., them that love him).

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

maketh

Isaiah 30:23 Then shall he give the rain of your seed, that you shall sow the ground with; and bread of the increase of the earth...

Ezekiel 34:13,14 And I will bring them out from the people, and gather them from the countries, and will bring them to their own land...

green pastures [heb.] pastures of tender grass
leadeth

Psalm 46:4 There is a river, the streams whereof shall make glad the city of God, the holy place of the tabernacles of the most High.

Isaiah 49:9,10 That you may say to the prisoners, Go forth; to them that are in darkness, Show yourselves. They shall feed in the ways...

Revelation 7:17 For the Lamb which is in the middle of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead them to living fountains of waters...

Revelation 21:7 He that overcomes shall inherit all things; and I will be his God, and he shall be my son.

Revelation 22:1,17 And he showed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb...

still waters [heb.] waters of quietness

Job 34:29 When he gives quietness, who then can make trouble? and when he hides his face, who then can behold him?...

Isaiah 8:6 For as much as this people refuses the waters of Shiloah that go softly, and rejoice in Rezin and Remaliah's son;

Library
The Shepherd King of Israel
'The Lord is my shepherd: I shall not want. 2. He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: He leadeth me beside the still waters. 3. He restoreth my soul: He leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for His name's sake. 4. Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for Thou art with me; Thy rod and Thy staff, they comfort me. 5. Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: Thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over. 6. Surely
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

God's Providence
In facts from Christian and philosophical standpoints it has been demonstrated that the infallible Supreme Ruler of all human spirits has made His final provision for the safety of each and every individual soul for its temporal and eternal welfare. Now I must prove to my readers' perfect satisfaction that to discard all the dignities and privileges of a high priest and become a lowly worker for Christ, it is not a mere accident nor is it an act of necessity as far as temporal necessities are concerned;
Meletios Golden—Conversion of a High Priest into a Christian Worker

The King of Love My Shepherd Is
[1242]Dominus Regit Me: John Bacchus Dykes, 1868 Psalm 23 Henry W. Baker, 1868 The King of love my Shepherd is, Whose goodness faileth never; I nothing lack if I am his, And he is mine for ever. Where streams of living water flow My ransomed soul he leadeth, And, where the verdant pastures grow, With food celestial feedeth. Perverse and foolish oft I strayed, But yet in love he sought me, And on his shoulder gently laid, And home, rejoicing, brought me. In death's dark vale I fear no ill With
Various—The Hymnal of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the USA

The Shepherd and the Fold
... Thou hast guided them in Thy strength unto Thy holy habitation.' EXODUS XV. 13. What a grand triumphal ode! The picture of Moses and the children of Israel singing, and Miriam and the women answering: a gush of national pride and of worship! We belong to a better time, but still we can feel its grandeur. The deliverance has made the singer look forward to the end, and his confidence in the issue is confirmed. I. The guiding God: or the picture of the leading. The original is 'lead gently.' Cf.
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Cross References
Revelation 7:17
For the Lamb at the center of the throne will be their shepherd; 'he will lead them to springs of living water.' 'And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes.'"

Psalm 36:8
They feast on the abundance of your house; you give them drink from your river of delights.

Psalm 46:4
There is a river whose streams make glad the city of God, the holy place where the Most High dwells.

Psalm 65:11
You crown the year with your bounty, and your carts overflow with abundance.

Psalm 139:10
even there your hand will guide me, your right hand will hold me fast.

Isaiah 49:10
They will neither hunger nor thirst, nor will the desert heat or the sun beat down on them. He who has compassion on them will guide them and lead them beside springs of water.

Ezekiel 34:14
I will tend them in a good pasture, and the mountain heights of Israel will be their grazing land. There they will lie down in good grazing land, and there they will feed in a rich pasture on the mountains of Israel.

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