Psalm 150:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
praise him with timbrel and dancing, praise him with the strings and pipe,

King James Bible
Praise him with the timbrel and dance: praise him with stringed instruments and organs.

Darby Bible Translation
Praise him with the tambour and dance; praise him with stringed instruments and the pipe;

World English Bible
Praise him with tambourine and dancing! Praise him with stringed instruments and flute!

Young's Literal Translation
Praise Him with timbrel and dance, Praise Him with stringed instruments and organ.

Psalm 150:4 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Praise him with the timbrel - תף toph, drum, tabret, or tomtom, or tympanum of the ancients; a skin stretched over a broad hoop; perhaps something like the tambarine. Anglo-Saxon; the glad pipe. Taburne; Old Psalter.

And dance - מחול machol, the pipe. The croude or crowthe: Old Psalter; a species of violin. It never means dance; see the note on Psalm 149:3. Crwth signifies a fiddle in Welsh.

Stringed instruments - מנים minnim. This literally signifies strings put in order; perhaps a triangular kind of hollow instrument on which the strings were regularly placed, growing shorter and shorter till they came to a point. This would give a variety of sounds, from a deep bass to a high treble. In an ancient MS. Psalter before me, David is represented in two places, playing on such an instrument. It may be the sambuck, or psaltery, or some such instrument.

Organs - עוגב ugab. Very likely the syrinx or mouth organ; Pan's pope; both of the ancients and moderns. The fistula, septem, disparibus nodis conjuncta, made of seven pieces of cane or thick straw, of unequal lengths, applied to the lips, each blown into, according to the note intended to be expressed. This instrument is often met with in the ancient bucolic or pastoral writers.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

with the timbrel

Exodus 15:20 And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a tambourine in her hand...

dance. or, pipe

Psalm 149:3 Let them praise his name in the dance: let them sing praises to him with the tambourine and harp.

stringed

Psalm 33:2 Praise the LORD with harp: sing to him with the psaltery and an instrument of ten strings.

Psalm 92:3 On an instrument of ten strings, and on the psaltery; on the harp with a solemn sound.

Psalm 144:9 I will sing a new song to you, O God: on a psaltery and an instrument of ten strings will I sing praises to you.

Isaiah 38:20 The LORD was ready to save me...

Habakkuk 3:19 The LORD God is my strength, and he will make my feet like hinds' feet, and he will make me to walk on my high places...

organs

Job 30:31 My harp also is turned to mourning, and my organ into the voice of them that weep.

Library
Praise.
"Let every thing that hath breath praise the Lord. Praise ye the Lord."--Psalm 150:6. "Lobe den Herren" [53]Joachim Neander transl., Jane Borthwick, 1855 Praise to Jehovah! the almighty King of Creation! Swell heaven's chorus, chime in every heart, every nation! O my soul! wake-- Harp, lute, and psaltery take, Sound forth in glad adoration. Praise to Jehovah! whose love o'er thy course is attending, Redeeming thy life, and thee from all evil defending. Through all the past, O my soul! over thee
Jane Borthwick—Hymns from the Land of Luther

How those that are at Variance and those that are at Peace are to be Admonished.
(Admonition 23.) Differently to be admonished are those that are at variance and those that are at peace. For those that are at variance are to be admonished to know most certainly that, in whatever virtues they may abound, they can by no means become spiritual if they neglect becoming united to their neighbours by concord. For it is written, But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace (Gal. v. 22). He then that has no care to keep peace refuses to bear the fruit of the Spirit. Hence Paul
Leo the Great—Writings of Leo the Great

Cross References
Genesis 4:21
His brother's name was Jubal; he was the father of all who play stringed instruments and pipes.

Exodus 15:20
Then Miriam the prophet, Aaron's sister, took a timbrel in her hand, and all the women followed her, with timbrels and dancing.

Job 21:12
They sing to the music of timbrel and lyre; they make merry to the sound of the pipe.

Psalm 45:8
All your robes are fragrant with myrrh and aloes and cassia; from palaces adorned with ivory the music of the strings makes you glad.

Psalm 149:3
Let them praise his name with dancing and make music to him with timbrel and harp.

Isaiah 38:20
The LORD will save me, and we will sing with stringed instruments all the days of our lives in the temple of the LORD.

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