Proverbs 10:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The proverbs of Solomon: A wise son brings joy to his father, but a foolish son brings grief to his mother.

King James Bible
The proverbs of Solomon. A wise son maketh a glad father: but a foolish son is the heaviness of his mother.

Darby Bible Translation
The Proverbs of Solomon. A wise son maketh a glad father; but a foolish son is the grief of his mother.

World English Bible
The proverbs of Solomon. A wise son makes a glad father; but a foolish son brings grief to his mother.

Young's Literal Translation
Proverbs of Solomon. A wise son causeth a father to rejoice, And a foolish son is an affliction to his mother.

Proverbs 10:1 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The proverbs of Solomon - Some ancient MSS. of the Vulgate have Proverbiorum liber secundus, "The second book of the Proverbs." The preceding nine chapters can only be considered as an introduction, if indeed they may be said to make even a part, of the proverbs of Solomon, which appear to commence only at the tenth chapter.

A wise son maketh a glad father - The parallels in this and several of the succeeding chapters are those which Bishop Lowth calls the antithetic; when two lines correspond with each other by an opposition of terms and sentiments; when the second is contrasted with the first; sometimes in expression, sometimes in sense only. Accordingly the degrees of antithesis are various; from an exact contraposition of word to word, through a whole sentence, down to a general disparity, with something of a contrariety in the two propositions, as: -

A wise son rejoiceth in his father.

But a foolish son is the grief of his mother.

Where every word has its opposite; for the terms father and mother are, as the logicians say, relatively opposite.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

a wise

Proverbs 15:20 A wise son makes a glad father: but a foolish man despises his mother.

Proverbs 17:21,25 He that begets a fool does it to his sorrow: and the father of a fool has no joy...

Proverbs 19:13 A foolish son is the calamity of his father: and the contentions of a wife are a continual dropping.

Proverbs 23:15,16,24,25 My son, if your heart be wise, my heart shall rejoice, even mine...

Proverbs 29:3,15 Whoever loves wisdom rejoices his father: but he that keeps company with harlots spends his substance...

Ecclesiastes 2:19 And who knows whether he shall be a wise man or a fool? yet shall he have rule over all my labor wherein I have labored...

Library
The Two-Fold Aspect of the Divine Working
'The way of the Lord is strength to the upright: but destruction shall be to the workers of iniquity.'--PROVERBS x. 29. You observe that the words 'shall be,' in the last clause, are a supplement. They are quite unnecessary, and in fact they rather hinder the sense. They destroy the completeness of the antithesis between the two halves of the verse. If you leave them out, and suppose that the 'way of the Lord' is what is spoken of in both clauses, you get a far deeper and fuller meaning. 'The way
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Sanctions of Moral Law, Natural and Governmental.
In the discussion of this subject, I shall show-- I. What constitute the sanctions of law. 1. The sanctions of law are the motives to obedience, the natural and the governmental consequences or results of obedience and of disobedience. 2. They are remuneratory, that is, they promise reward to obedience. 3. They are vindicatory, that is, they threaten the disobedient with punishment. 4. They are natural, that is, happiness is to some extent naturally connected with, and the necessary consequence of,
Charles Grandison Finney—Systematic Theology

How the Simple and the Crafty are to be Admonished.
(Admonition 12.) Differently to be admonished are the simple and the insincere. The simple are to be praised for studying never to say what is false, but to be admonished to know how sometimes to be silent about what is true. For, as falsehood has always harmed him that speaks it, so sometimes the hearing of truth has done harm to some. Wherefore the Lord before His disciples, tempering His speech with silence, says, I have many things to say unto you, but ye cannot bear them now (Joh. xvi. 12).
Leo the Great—Writings of Leo the Great

Letter xv (Circa A. D. 1129) to Alvisus, Abbot of Anchin
To Alvisus, Abbot of Anchin He praises the fatherly gentleness of Alvisus towards Godwin. He excuses himself, and asks pardon for having admitted him. To Alvisus, Abbot of Anchin. [18] 1. May God render to you the same mercy which you have shown towards your holy son Godwin. I know that at the news of his death you showed yourself unmindful of old complaints, and remembering only your friendship for him, behaved with kindness, not resentment, and putting aside the character of judge, showed yourself
Saint Bernard of Clairvaux—Some Letters of Saint Bernard, Abbot of Clairvaux

Cross References
1 Kings 4:32
He spoke three thousand proverbs and his songs numbered a thousand and five.

Proverbs 1:1
The proverbs of Solomon son of David, king of Israel:

Proverbs 13:1
A wise son heeds his father's instruction, but a mocker does not respond to rebukes.

Proverbs 15:20
A wise son brings joy to his father, but a foolish man despises his mother.

Proverbs 17:21
To have a fool for a child brings grief; there is no joy for the parent of a godless fool.

Proverbs 17:25
A foolish son brings grief to his father and bitterness to the mother who bore him.

Proverbs 23:24
The father of a righteous child has great joy; a man who fathers a wise son rejoices in him.

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