Philippians 4:22
Parallel Verses
New International Version
All God's people here send you greetings, especially those who belong to Caesar's household.

King James Bible
All the saints salute you, chiefly they that are of Caesar's household.

Darby Bible Translation
All the saints salute you, and specially those of the household of Caesar.

World English Bible
All the saints greet you, especially those who are of Caesar's household.

Young's Literal Translation
there salute you all the saints, and specially those of Caesar's house;

Philippians 4:22 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

All the saints - All the Christians now at Rome.

They that are of Caesar's household - Nero was at this time emperor of Rome: a more worthless, cruel, and diabolic wretch never disgraced the name or form of man; yet in his family there were Christians: but whether this relates to the members of the imperial family, or to guards, or courtiers, or to servants, we cannot tell. If even some of his slaves were converted to Christianity, it would he sufficiently marvellous. Converts to Christianity in this family there certainly were; and this shows how powerfully the Divine word had been preached and spread. That the Empress Poppaea may have been favourably inclined to Christianity is possible; for Josephus relates of her, Antiq., lib. xx. cap. 7: Θεοσεβης γαρ ην· She was a worshipper of the true God; it is not likely, therefore, that she threw any hinderances in the way of her servants who might wish to embrace the Christian faith. St. Jerome, in Philemon, states that St. Paul had converted many in Caesar's family; A Caesare missus in carcerem, notior familiae ejus factus, persecutoris Christi domum fecit ecclesiam.

"Being by the emperor cast into prison, he became the more known to his family, and he turned the house of Christ's persecutor into a church." Some imagine that Seneca, the preceptor of Nero and the poet Lucan, were converted by St. Paul; and there are still extant, and in a MS. now before me, letters which profess to have passed between Paul and Seneca; but they are worthy of neither. They have been printed in some editions of Seneca's works. See the remarks below.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the.

Romans 16:16 Salute one another with an holy kiss. The churches of Christ salute you.

2 Corinthians 13:13 All the saints salute you.

Hebrews 13:24 Salute all them that have the rule over you, and all the saints. They of Italy salute you.

1 Peter 5:13 The church that is at Babylon, elected together with you, salutes you; and so does Marcus my son.

3 John 1:14 But I trust I shall shortly see you, and we shall speak face to face. Peace be to you. Our friends salute you...

they.

Philippians 1:13 So that my bonds in Christ are manifest in all the palace, and in all other places;

Caesar's. The cruel, worthless, and diabolical Nero was at this time emperor of Rome; but it is not improbable that the empress Poppaea was favourably inclined to Christianity, as Josephus relates that ([theosebes gar en]) 'she was a worshipper of the true God.' Jerome states, (in Phm.) that Paul had converted many in Caesar's family; for 'being by the emperor cast into prison, he became more known to his family, and turned the house of Christ's persecutor into a church.'

Library
November 24. "I Can do all Things through Christ" (Phil. Iv. 13).
"I can do all things through Christ" (Phil. iv. 13). A dear sister said one day: "I have so much work to do that I have not time to get strength to do it by waiting on the Lord." Surely that was making bricks without straw, and even if it was the name of the Lord and the church, it was the devil's bondage. God sends not His servants on their own charges; but "He is able to make all grace abound towards us, that we, always having all sufficiency in all things, may abound unto every good work." The
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

May 26. "Be Careful for Nothing; but in Everything by Prayer and Supplication with Thanksgiving Let Your Requests be Made Known unto God" (Phil. Iv. 6).
"Be careful for nothing; but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known unto God" (Phil. iv. 6). Commit means to hand over, to trust wholly to another. So, if we give our trials to Him, He will carry them. If we walk in righteousness He will carry us through. "Humble yourselves, therefore, under the mighty hand of God that He may exalt you in due time." There are two hands there--God's hand pressing us down, humbling us, and then God's hand lifting
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

How to Obey an Impossible Injunction
'Be careful for nothing; but in everything by prayer and supplication, with thanksgiving, let your requests be made known unto God.'--PHIL. iv. 6. It is easy for prosperous people, who have nothing to trouble them, to give good advices to suffering hearts; and these are generally as futile as they are easy. But who was he who here said to the Church at Philippi, 'Be careful for nothing?' A prisoner in a Roman prison; and when Rome fixed its claws it did not usually let go without drawing blood.
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Farewell Words
'Now unto our God and Father be the glory for ever and ever, Amen. Salute every saint in Christ Jesus. The brethren which are with me salute you. All the saints salute you, especially they that are of Caesar's household. The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit.'--PHIL. iv. 20-23 (R.V.). These closing words fall into three unconnected parts, a doxology, greetings, and a benediction. As in all his letters, the Apostle follows the natural instinct of making his last words loving words.
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Cross References
Matthew 5:47
And if you greet only your own people, what are you doing more than others? Do not even pagans do that?

Acts 9:13
"Lord," Ananias answered, "I have heard many reports about this man and all the harm he has done to your holy people in Jerusalem.

Acts 20:38
What grieved them most was his statement that they would never see his face again. Then they accompanied him to the ship.

2 Corinthians 13:13
All God's people here send their greetings.

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