Numbers 35:12
Parallel Verses
New International Version
They will be places of refuge from the avenger, so that anyone accused of murder may not die before they stand trial before the assembly.

King James Bible
And they shall be unto you cities for refuge from the avenger; that the manslayer die not, until he stand before the congregation in judgment.

Darby Bible Translation
And ye shall have these cities for refuge from the avenger; that the manslayer die not, until he have stood before the assembly in judgment.

World English Bible
The cities shall be to you for refuge from the avenger, that the manslayer not die, until he stands before the congregation for judgment.

Young's Literal Translation
and the cities have been to you for a refuge from the redeemer, and the man-slayer doth not die till his standing before the company for judgment.

Numbers 35:12 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Until he stand before the congregation in judgment - So one of these cities was not a perpetual asylum; It was only a pro tempore refuge, till the case could be fairly examined by the magistrates in the presence of the people, or the elders their representatives; and this was done in the city or place where he had done the murder, Joshua 20:4, Joshua 20:6. If he was found worthy of death, they delivered him to the avenger that he might be slain, Deuteronomy 19:12; if not, they sent him back to the city of refuge, where he remained till the death of the high priest, Numbers 35:25. Before the cities of refuge were appointed, the altar appears to have been a sanctuary for those who had killed a person unwittingly; see on Exodus 21:13 (note), and Exodus 21:14 (note).

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

from the avenger

Numbers 35:19,25-27 The revenger of blood himself shall slay the murderer: when he meets him, he shall slay him...

Deuteronomy 19:6 Lest the avenger of the blood pursue the slayer, while his heart is hot, and overtake him, because the way is long, and slay him...

Joshua 20:3-6,9 That the slayer that kills any person unawares and unwittingly may flee thither: and they shall be your refuge from the avenger of blood...

2 Samuel 14:7 And, behold, the whole family is risen against your handmaid, and they said, Deliver him that smote his brother, that we may kill him...

until he stand

Numbers 35:24 Then the congregation shall judge between the slayer and the revenger of blood according to these judgments:

Deuteronomy 19:11,12 But if any man hate his neighbor, and lie in wait for him, and rise up against him, and smite him mortally that he die...

Joshua 20:4-6 And when he that does flee to one of those cities shall stand at the entering of the gate of the city...

Library
The Cities of the Levites.
Concerning them, see Numbers, chapter 35, and Joshua chapter 21. "The suburbs of the cities of the Levites were three thousand cubits on every side; viz. from the walls of the city, and outwards; as it is said, 'From the walls of the city and outwards a thousand cubits: and thou shalt measure from without the city two thousand cubits' (Num 35:4,5). The former thousand were the suburbs, and the latter two thousand were for fields and vineyards. They appointed the place of burial to every one of those
John Lightfoot—From the Talmud and Hebraica

Job's Faith and Expectation
I know that my Redeemer liveth, and that He shall stand in the latter day upon the earth. And though after my skin worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I see God. C hristianity, that is, the religion of which MESSIAH is the author and object, the foundation, life, and glory, though not altogether as old as creation, is nearly so. It is coeval [contemporary] with the first promise and intimation of mercy given to fallen man. When Adam, by transgression, had violated the order and law of
John Newton—Messiah Vol. 2

Cross References
Numbers 35:13
These six towns you give will be your cities of refuge.

Deuteronomy 19:4
This is the rule concerning anyone who kills a person and flees there for safety--anyone who kills a neighbor unintentionally, without malice aforethought.

Joshua 20:2
"Tell the Israelites to designate the cities of refuge, as I instructed you through Moses,

Joshua 20:3
so that anyone who kills a person accidentally and unintentionally may flee there and find protection from the avenger of blood.

Joshua 20:5
If the avenger of blood comes in pursuit, the elders must not surrender the fugitive, because the fugitive killed their neighbor unintentionally and without malice aforethought.

Joshua 20:6
They are to stay in that city until they have stood trial before the assembly and until the death of the high priest who is serving at that time. Then they may go back to their own home in the town from which they fled."

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