New International Version
select some towns to be your cities of refuge, to which a person who has killed someone accidentally may flee.
King James Bible
Then ye shall appoint you cities to be cities of refuge for you; that the slayer may flee thither, which killeth any person at unawares.
Darby Bible Translation
then ye shall appoint for yourselves cities: cities of refuge shall they be for you; that a manslayer may flee thither, who without intent smiteth a person mortally.
World English Bible
then you shall appoint you cities to be cities of refuge for you, that the manslayer who kills any person unwittingly may flee there.
Young's Literal Translation
and have prepared to yourselves cities -- cities of refuge they are to you -- then fled thither hath a man-slayer, smiting a person unawares,
Numbers 35:11 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Ye shall appoint - cities of refuge - The cities of refuge among the Israelites were widely different from the asyla among the Greeks and Romans, as also from the privileged altars among the Roman Catholics. Those among the Hebrews were for the protection of such only as had slain a person involuntarily. The temples and altars among the latter often served for the protection of the most profligate characters. Cities of refuge among the Hebrews were necessary, because the old patriarchal law still remained in force, viz., that the nearest akin had a right to avenge the death of his relation by slaying the murderer; for the original law enacted that whosoever shed man's blood, by man should his blood be shed, Genesis 9:6, and none was judged so proper to execute this law as the man who was nearest akin to the deceased. As many rash executions of this law might take place, from the very nature of the thing, it was deemed necessary to qualify its claims, and prevent injustice; and the cities of refuge were judged proper for this purpose. Nor do we ever read that they were ever found inefficient, or that they were ever abused.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
ye shall appoint. As the goel, or kinsman, had a right to avenge the death of his relation, by slaying the murderer wherever he found him, the appointment of these cities was a humane institution for the protection of the involuntary homicide; for they were designed only for the protection of such.
unawares. Heb. by error
LibraryThe Cities of the Levites.
Concerning them, see Numbers, chapter 35, and Joshua chapter 21. "The suburbs of the cities of the Levites were three thousand cubits on every side; viz. from the walls of the city, and outwards; as it is said, 'From the walls of the city and outwards a thousand cubits: and thou shalt measure from without the city two thousand cubits' (Num 35:4,5). The former thousand were the suburbs, and the latter two thousand were for fields and vineyards. They appointed the place of burial to every one of those …
John Lightfoot—From the Talmud and Hebraica
Job's Faith and Expectation
However, if it is not done intentionally, but God lets it happen, they are to flee to a place I will designate.
"Say to the Israelites: 'When anyone sins unintentionally and does what is forbidden in any of the LORD's commands--
"'When a leader sins unintentionally and does what is forbidden in any of the commands of the LORD his God, when he realizes his guilt
These six towns will be a place of refuge for Israelites and for foreigners residing among them, so that anyone who has killed another accidentally can flee there.
"'But if without enmity someone suddenly pushes another or throws something at them unintentionally
When the LORD your God has destroyed the nations whose land he is giving you, and when you have driven them out and settled in their towns and houses,
"Tell the Israelites to designate the cities of refuge, as I instructed you through Moses,
Jump to PreviousAccidentally Appoint Cities Error Intent Killed Killeth Kills Manslayer Marked Places Refuge Safe Select Slayer Someone Thither Towns Unawares Unintentionally Unwittingly Yourselves
Jump to NextAccidentally Appoint Cities Error Intent Killed Killeth Kills Manslayer Marked Places Refuge Safe Select Slayer Someone Thither Towns Unawares Unintentionally Unwittingly Yourselves
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