New International Version
and if all of you who are armed cross over the Jordan before the LORD until he has driven his enemies out before him--
King James Bible
And will go all of you armed over Jordan before the LORD, until he hath driven out his enemies from before him,
Darby Bible Translation
and all of you that are armed go over the Jordan before Jehovah, until he have dispossessed his enemies from before him,
World English Bible
and every armed man of you will pass over the Jordan before Yahweh, until he has driven out his enemies from before him,
Young's Literal Translation
and every armed one of you hath passed over the Jordan before Jehovah, till his dispossessing His enemies from before Him,
Numbers 32:21 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Because of the inhabitants of the land - These were the Ammonites, Moabites, Idumeans, and the remains of the Midianites and Amorites. But could the women and children even keep the defenced cities, when placed in them? This certainly cannot be supposed possible. Many of the men of war must of course stay behind. In the last census, Numbers 26, the tribe of Reuben consisted of 43,730 men; the tribe of Gad, 40,500; the tribe of Manasseh, 52,700; the half of which is 26,350. Add this to the sum of the other two tribes, and the amount is 110,580. Now from Joshua 4:13 we learn that of the tribes of Reuben and Gad, and the half of the tribe of Manasseh, only 40,000 armed men passed over Jordan to assist their brethren in the reduction of the land: consequently the number of 70,580 men were left behind for the defense of the women, the children, and the flocks. This was more than sufficient to defend them against a people already panic struck by their late discomfitures and reverses.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Numbers 32:22 and the land is subdued before the LORD, then afterward you shall return and be free of obligation toward the LORD and toward Israel, and this land shall be yours for a possession before the LORD.
Like the last part of Exodus, and the whole of Leviticus, the first part of Numbers, i.-x. 28--so called, rather inappropriately, from the census in i., iii., (iv.), xxvi.--is unmistakably priestly in its interests and language. Beginning with a census of the men of war (i.) and the order of the camp (ii.), it devotes specific attention to the Levites, their numbers and duties (iii., iv.). Then follow laws for the exclusion of the unclean, v. 1-4, for determining the manner and amount of restitution …
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament
Then Moses said to them, "If you will do this--if you will arm yourselves before the LORD for battle
then when the land is subdued before the LORD, you may return and be free from your obligation to the LORD and to Israel. And this land will be your possession before the LORD.
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